1. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. mGluR
  3. trans-ACPD

trans-ACPD (Synonyms: Trans-(±)-ACP)

Cat. No.: HY-19434 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

trans-ACPD, a metabotropic receptor agonist, produces calcium mobilization and an inward current in cultured cerebellar Purkinje neurons.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

trans-ACPD Chemical Structure

trans-ACPD Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 67684-64-4

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10 mM * 1 mL in Water USD 79 In-stock
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100 mg USD 1188 In-stock
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

trans-ACPD, a metabotropic receptor agonist, produces calcium mobilization and an inward current in cultured cerebellar Purkinje neurons.

IC50 & Target

Calcium Channel[1]

In Vitro

Excitatory amino acid (EAA) analogues activate receptors that are coupled to the increased hydrolysis of phosphoinositides (PIs). In these studies, hippocampal slices are prepared from neonatal rats (6-11 days old) to characterize the effects of EAA analogues on these receptors. The concentrations of trans-ACPD required to evoke half-maximal stimulation (EC50 value) is 51 μM. DL-2-Amino-3-phosphonopropionate (DL-AP3) is also equipotent as an inhibitor of PI hydrolysis stimulated by ibotenate, quisqualate, and trans-ACPD (IC50 values are 480-850 μM)[2].

In Vivo

Intrathecal injection of NMDA, kainate, and trans-ACPD, TNF-α, or IL-1β causes significant (p<0.001) biting behaviour in mice compared to animals injected intrathecally with saline. In all groups, systemic pre-treatment with GM (100 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly (p<0.001) reduces the biting behaviour compared to mice treated with saline (10 mL/kg, i.p.). The greatest effect of GM is observed on the pro-inflammatory cytokines and NMDA, with the following inhibition percentages: TNF-α (92±7%), IL-1β (91±5%), NMDA (69±1%), and trans-ACPD (71±12%). By contrast, at the same dose, GM has no significant effect on the kainate-mediated biting response[3].

Molecular Weight

173.17

Formula

C₇H₁₁NO₄

CAS No.

67684-64-4

SMILES

O=C([[email protected]]1(N)C[[email protected]@H](C(O)=O)CC1)O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : 6.2 mg/mL (35.80 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 5.7747 mL 28.8734 mL 57.7467 mL
5 mM 1.1549 mL 5.7747 mL 11.5493 mL
10 mM 0.5775 mL 2.8873 mL 5.7747 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Animal Administration
[3]

Mice[3]
Male Swiss mice (25-35 g) are used. Intrathecal injections are given to fully conscious mice. Briefly, the animals are manually restrained, and a 30-gauge needle connected by a polyethylene tube to a 25 μL Hamilton gas-tight syringe is inserted through the skin and between the vertebrae into the subdural space of the L5-L6 spinal segments. Intrathecal injections (5 μL/site) are administered over a period of 5 s. Biting behaviour is defined as a single head movement directed at the flanks or hind limbs, resulting in contact of the animal's snout with the target organ. The nociceptive response is elicited by NMDA (450 pmol/site, a selective agonist of the NMDA glutamatergic ionotropic receptor), kainate (110 pmol/site, a selective agonist of the kainate subtype of glutamatergic ionotropic receptors), and trans-ACPD (50 nmol/site, a non-selective agonist of metabotropic glutamate receptors, which is active at group I and group II), TNF-α (0.1 pmol/site) and IL-1β (1 pmol/site) or saline (5 μL/site, i.t.). The amount of time the animal spent biting or licking the caudal region is taken as evidence of nociception and is evaluated following local post injections of the following agonists: NMDA (5 min), kainate (4 min), and trans-ACPD TNF-α, and IL-1β (15 min). Animals received GM (100 mg/kg, i.p.) 0.5 h before intrathecal injection of 5 μL of the drugs, while control animals received a similar volume of saline (10 mL/kg, i.p.).

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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