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  3. Casticin

Casticin (Synonyms: Vitexicarpin)

Cat. No.: HY-N0516 Purity: 98.44%
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Casticin is a methyoxylated flavonol isolated from Viticis Fructus, with antimitotic and anti-inflammatory effect. Casticin inhibits the activation of STAT3.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Casticin Chemical Structure

Casticin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 479-91-4

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 165 In-stock
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Description

Casticin is a methyoxylated flavonol isolated from Viticis Fructus, with antimitotic and anti-inflammatory effect. Casticin inhibits the activation of STAT3.

IC50 & Target

STAT3[3]

In Vitro

Casticin (0.2-1.0 μM) dose-dependently inhibits the proliferation of KB cells, with an IC50 of 0.23 μM on day 3, while shows no significant inhibition on 3T3 Swiss Albino and TIG-103 cells. Casticin (0.6 μM) alters spindle morphology with partial mitotic spindle breakdown or with disordered spindles[1]. Casticin (0-40 μM) dose-dependently inhibits the proliferation of LX2 cells. Casticin (40 μM) suppresses L02 cells proliferation and induces apoptosis. Casticin inhibits fibrotic effects of TGF-β1 on ECM deposition in LX2 cells by evaluating the mRNA levels of TGF-β, collagen α1(I), MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2[2]. Casticin (0-8 μM) reduces the viability of 786-O, YD-8, and HN-9 cells, but shows no significant effect on that of the normal HEL 299 cells. Casticin (5 μM) increases cleavage caspase-3 and PPAR, diminishes the levels of B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl), Bcl-2, IAP-1/-2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) proteins in 786-O, YD-8, and HN-9 cells. Casticin (5 μM) also promotes apoptotic cell death, inhibits constitutively active STAT3 in tumor cells, modulates STAT3 activation by altering the activity of upstream STAT3 regulators, and abrogates IL-6-induced STAT3 activation. In addition, Casticin (2.5 μM) enhances the effect of ionizing radiation in 786-O cells and potentiates the therapeutic effect of radiotherapy[3].

In Vivo

Casticin (20 mg/kg, p.o.) has toxic effect on the liver in mice with CCl4-and BDL-induced hepatic injury. Casticin attenuates liver fibrosis induced by CCl4 or BDL in vivo. Casticin inhibits HSC activation and collagen matrix expression by blocking TGF-β/Smad signaling in vivo[2].

Molecular Weight

374.34

Formula

C₁₉H₁₈O₈

CAS No.

479-91-4

SMILES

O=C1C(OC)=C(C2=CC=C(OC)C(O)=C2)OC3=CC(OC)=C(OC)C(O)=C13

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

References
Cell Assay
[2]

LX-2 cells or L02 cells are plated at a density of 5 × 103 cells per well in a 96-well plate and treated with Casticin (0-40 μM) for 48 h in growth medium containing serum. Cell proliferation is determined using a CCK-8 assay kit[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
Male mice 6-8 weeks of age weighing 20-30 g are kept in a temperature-controlled room with an alternating 12 h dark and light cycle. A total of 32 mice are divided randomly into four groups of 8 animals each: control, Casticin, CCl4, and CCl4 + Casticin. To induce liver fibrosis, CCl4 dissolved in olive oil (20%) is injected intraperitoneally into mice (1.0 mL/kg body weight) in the CCl4 and CCl4 + Casticin groups twice a week for six weeks. Mice in the control group and Casticin group are injected with an equivalent volume of olive oil. Casticin is dissolved in 0.25% Tween-80. After treatment with CCl4 or olive oil for six weeks, mice in the Casticin group and CCl4 + Casticin group receives Casticin (20 mg/kg) by gastric gavage daily for two weeks, and the other two groups are given the equivalent volume of 0.25% Tween-80. After the eight week intervention period, mice are euthanatized under 3% pentobarbital sodium anesthesia (40 mg/kg ip), and the livers and blood from all animals are collected. Serum is obtained by centrifugation (1600 g, 15 min) and stored at −20°C for further examination[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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