1. MAPK/ERK Pathway NF-κB
  2. JNK NF-κB
  3. Isovitexin

Isovitexin  (Synonyms: Saponaretin; Homovitexin)

Cat. No.: HY-N0773 Purity: 99.82%
COA Handling Instructions

Isovitexin is a flavonoid isolated from passion flower, Cannabis and, and the palm, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities; Isovitexin acts like a JNK1/2 inhibitor and inhibits the activation of NF-κB.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Isovitexin Chemical Structure

Isovitexin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 38953-85-4

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 133 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 133 In-stock
Solid
1 mg USD 57 In-stock
5 mg USD 121 In-stock
10 mg USD 176 In-stock
25 mg USD 352 In-stock
50 mg   Get quote  
100 mg   Get quote  

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Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Isovitexin is a flavonoid isolated from passion flower, Cannabis and, and the palm, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities; Isovitexin acts like a JNK1/2 inhibitor and inhibits the activation of NF-κB.

IC50 & Target[1]

JNK1

 

JNK2

 

NF-κB

 

In Vitro

Isovitexin protects against LPS-induced oxidative damage by suppressing intracellular ROS generation, and also attenuates the effect of H2O2 on cell viability. Isovitexin (0-100 μg/mL) with LPS (2 μg/mL) is not cytotoxic to RAW 264.7 cells, but 200 μg/mL Isovitexin shows significant cytotoxicity. Isovitexin (25, 50 μg/mL) inhibits LPS-induced increases in TNF-α, IL-6, iNOS, and COX-2 levels. Isovitexin (25, 50 μg/mL) also suppresses the IκBα phosphorylation and degradation in RAW 264.7 cells, and such an effect is consistent with that of JNK1/2 inhibitor[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Isovitexin (50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) causes less severe histopathological changes in the lung sections, and reduces inflammatory cell count in LPS-induced mice. Isovitexin (50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) protects against LPS-induced inflammation and oxidative stress in LPS-induced ALI mice by decreasing TNF-α and IL-6 production, ROS generation, and MPO and MDA content, increasing SOD and GSH levels and effectively inhibiting the protein expression of iNOS and COX-2[1]. Isovitexin (25, 50, 100 mg/kg) dose-dependently reduces the survival rate of LPS/D-gal induced hepatic injury in mice. Isovitexin also inhibits NF-κB activation and up-regulates Nrf2 and HO-1 induced by LPS/D-gal in mice[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

432.38

Formula

C21H20O10

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

Light yellow to yellow

SMILES

OC1=C(C2=O)C(OC(C3=CC=C(O)C=C3)=C2)=CC(O)=C1[C@@H]([C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@@H]4O)O)O[C@@H]4CO

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 25 mg/mL (57.82 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.3128 mL 11.5639 mL 23.1278 mL
5 mM 0.4626 mL 2.3128 mL 4.6256 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

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Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.81 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.81 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.82%

References
Cell Assay
[1]

Cell viability is determined by an MTT assay. RAW 264.7 cells are plated in 96-well plates (1 × 104 cells/well) and incubated with various concentrations of Isovitexin (final concentration: 0-200 μg/mL) and LPS (2 μg/mL) for 24 h. In addition, the cells are pretreated with IV (25 or 50 μg/mL) for 1 h, followed by the addition of H2O2 (300 μM). After 24 h, MTT (5 mg/mL) is added to the cells, which are then incubated for another 4 h[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1]

Mice[1]
To create an ALI model, mice are randomLy divided into six groups: control (saline), Isovitexin only (100 mg/kg, dissolved in 0.5% DMSO), LPS only (0.5 mg/kg, dissolved in saline), LPS (0.5 mg/kg) + Isovitexin (50 or 100 mg/kg), and LPS (0.5 mg/kg) + dexamethasone (Dex, 5 mg/kg dissolved in saline). Isovitexin or Dex (5 mg/kg) are administered Isovitexin. After exposure to Isovitexin or Dex for 1 h, the mice are anesthetized with diethyl ether, and LPS is administered intranasally (i.n.) to induce lung injury. After LPS administration for 12 h, the animals are euthanized. Accordingly, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue samples are harvested to measure cytokine levels; ROS generation; SOD, GSH, MDA and MPO activity; and COX-2, iNOS, HO-1, and Nrf2 protein expression[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 2.3128 mL 11.5639 mL 23.1278 mL 57.8195 mL
5 mM 0.4626 mL 2.3128 mL 4.6256 mL 11.5639 mL
10 mM 0.2313 mL 1.1564 mL 2.3128 mL 5.7820 mL
15 mM 0.1542 mL 0.7709 mL 1.5419 mL 3.8546 mL
20 mM 0.1156 mL 0.5782 mL 1.1564 mL 2.8910 mL
25 mM 0.0925 mL 0.4626 mL 0.9251 mL 2.3128 mL
30 mM 0.0771 mL 0.3855 mL 0.7709 mL 1.9273 mL
40 mM 0.0578 mL 0.2891 mL 0.5782 mL 1.4455 mL
50 mM 0.0463 mL 0.2313 mL 0.4626 mL 1.1564 mL
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Isovitexin
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