1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. SGLT
    Na+/K+ ATPase

Phlorizin (Synonyms: Floridzin; NSC 2833)

Cat. No.: HY-N0143 Purity: 95.33%
Handling Instructions

Phlorizin is a non-selective SGLT inhibitor with Kis of 300 and 39 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively. Phlorizin is also a Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Phlorizin Chemical Structure

Phlorizin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 60-81-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
1 g USD 60 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 g USD 228 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 g   Get quote  
50 g   Get quote  

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Phlorizin is a non-selective SGLT inhibitor with Kis of 300 and 39 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively. Phlorizin is also a Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor.

IC50 & Target

Ki: 300 nM (hSGLT1), 39 nM (hSGLT2)[1]
Na+/K+-ATPase[2]

In Vitro

Phlorizin is a non-selective SGLT inhibitor with Kis of 300 and 39 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively[1]. Phlorizin is also a Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor[2]. Phlorizin at 2×10-4 M inhibits Na+ and Rb+-activated ATPase activities in human red cell membranes by 43 %. At 1 mM and 7 mM RbCl, rubidium uptake is not changed or is slightly inhibited (less than 15 %) by 2×10-4 M Phlorizin[2]. Cell viability is not significantly altered by doses of Phlorizin <100 μM. Pretreating cells with Phlorizin does not significantly reduce nitrite or PGE2 levels. Phlorizin does not suppress IL-6 or TNF-α production, although 100 μM Phlorizin can significantly inhibit TNF-α expression[3].

In Vivo

Prior to Phlorizin treatment, the blood glucose level in SDT fatty rats is 370±49 mg/dL. Six hours after dosing, the blood glucose level in the Phlorizin treated group decreases to an almost normal level (139±32 mg/dL). Phlorizin-treated SDT fatty rats are heavier than vehicle-treated SDT fatty rats after 12 weeks. Phlorizin treatment significantly decreases glucose excretion and delays insulin decreases. Creatinine clearance decreases significantly with Phlorizin treatment. 23 weeks of Phlorizin treatment prevents the decrease of nerve fibers (23.6±3.2 fibers/mm). Retinal abnormalities are completely prevented with Phlorizin[4].

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (114.57 mM)

H2O : 1 mg/mL (2.29 mM; Need ultrasonic)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.2914 mL 11.4571 mL 22.9142 mL
5 mM 0.4583 mL 2.2914 mL 4.5828 mL
10 mM 0.2291 mL 1.1457 mL 2.2914 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.73 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.73 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.73 mM); Clear solution

References
Kinase Assay
[1]

Resealed ghosts are obtained with the addition of 4×10-3 M ATP and 5×10-3 M MgCl2 with or without 5×10-4 M Phlorizin (final concentration) when red cells are hemolyzed. Ghosts corresponding to 0.4-0.45 mL of the original blood cells are incubated with 0.9 mL of Medium A and 86RbCl for 45 or 90 min and the radioactivity in 200 μL of the supernatant is determined. The ATPase activity in the resealed ghosts is determined from the increase in inorganic phosphate after incubation[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[3]

The RAW264.7 murine macrophage-derived cell line is used. Cell viability is measured using the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cells (105 cells/well) are cultured in 96-well plates and treated with varying concentrations of Phlorizin for 24 h. Next, the supernatant is removed and the cells are incubated with MTT (50 mg/mL) for 4 h at 37°C. The plates are washed and isopropanol is added to dissolve formazone crystals, then the absorbance values are measured at 570 nm using a microplate reader[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[4]

Female SDT fatty rats are used in this study. At six weeks of age, SDT fatty rats are divided into two groups (n=8); a Phlorizin treated group and a vehicle treated group. Age-matched female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats are used as control animals (n=8). Animals are housed in a climate-controlled room (temperature 23±3°C, humidity 55±15%, 12 h lighting cycle) and allowed free access to basal diet and water. Phlorizin is injected subcutaneously once daily (100 mg/kg/day) to animals in the Phlorizin treated group for 23 weeks. Twenty % propylene glycol is administered to animals in the vehicle treated group and control SD rats[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

436.41

Formula

C₂₁H₂₄O₁₀

CAS No.

60-81-1

SMILES

O=C(C1=C(O)C=C(O)C=C1O[[email protected]]2[[email protected]@H]([[email protected]]([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]@H](CO)O2)O)O)O)CCC3=CC=C(O)C=C3

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
= × ×

The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

Inquiry Online

Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

Product name

 

Salutation

Applicant name *

 

Email address *

Phone number *

 

Organization name *

Country or Region *

 

Requested quantity *

Remarks

Bulk Inquiry

Inquiry Information

Product Name:
Phlorizin
Cat. No.:
HY-N0143
Quantity:

Phlorizin

Cat. No.: HY-N0143