1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Mitochondrial Metabolism

Mitochondrial Metabolism

Mitochondria use multiple carbon fuels to produce ATP and metabolites, including pyruvate, which is generated from glycolysis; amino acids such as glutamine; and fatty acids. These carbon fuels feed into the TCA cycle in the mitochondrial matrix to generate the reducing equivalents NADH and FADH2, which deliver their electrons to the electron transport chain. Mitochondria are complex organelles that play an important role in many facets of cellular function, from metabolism to immune regulation and cell death. Mitochondria are actively involved in a wide variety of cellular processes and molecular interactions, such as calcium buffering, lipid flux, and intracellular signaling. It is increasingly recognized that mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of many diseases such as obesity/diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Mitochondrial metabolism is a key determinant of tumor progression by impacting on functions such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Mitochondrial metabolism and derived oncometabolites shape the epigenetic landscape to alter aggressiveness features of cancer cells. Changes in mitochondrial metabolism are relevant for the survival of tumors in response to therapy.

Mitochondrial Metabolism Related Products (81):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-100941
    CCCP Inhibitor 99.83%
    CCCP is an oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) uncoupler. CCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-B1756
    Rotenone Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Rotenone is an mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I inhibitor. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.
  • HY-100410
    FCCP 99.79%
    FCCP is an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in mitochondria. FCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-13653
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate Activator 99.87%
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is a tea flavonoid with potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is reported to inhibit EGFR signaling and thereby exert anticancer effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is a glutamate dehydrogenase 1/2 (GDH1/2, GLUD1/2) inhibitor. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induces oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) by activating cytochrome c oxidase.
  • HY-112879
    Mito-TEMPO ≥98.0%
    Mito-TEMPO is a mitochondria-targeted superoxide dismutase mimetic with superoxide and alkyl radical scavenging properties.
  • HY-138620
    MCU-i4 Inhibitor 99.38%
    MCU-i4 blocks the IP3-dependent mitochondrial Ca2+-uptake, maintaining the gatekeeping role of their target.
  • HY-138559
    GW604714X Inhibitor 98.10%
    GW604714X is a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration supported by pyruvate but not other substrates. GW604714X is a highly specific mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) inhibitor with a Ki <0.1 nM. GW604714X also inhibits L-lactate transport by the plasma membrane monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1), but at concentrations more than 4 orders of magnitude greater than the MPC.
  • HY-134832
    Mito-LND
    Mito-LND (Mito-Lonidamine) is an orally active and mitochondria-targeted inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Mito-LND inhibits mitochondrial bioenergetics, stimulates the formation of reactive oxygen species, and induces autophagic cell death in lung cancer cells.
  • HY-15475
    UK-5099 Inhibitor 99.70%
    UK-5099 (PF-1005023) is a potent inhibitor of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC). UK-5099 (PF-1005023) inhibits pyruvate-dependent O2 consumption with an IC50 of 50 nM.
  • HY-15453
    Devimistat Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Devimistat (CPI-613) is a mitochondrial metabolism inhibitor. Devimistat is a lipoic acid antagonist that abrogates mitochondrial energy metabolism to induce apoptosis in various cancer cells.
  • HY-W008719
    MPP+ iodide Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    MPP+ iodide, a toxic metabolite of the neurotoxin MPTP, causes symptom of Parkinson's disease in animal models by selectively destroying dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra. MPP+ iodide is taken up by the dopamine transporter into dopaminergic neurons where it exerts its neurotoxic action on mitochondria by affecting complex I of the respiratory chain. MPP+ iodide is also a high affinity substrate for the serotonin transporter (SERT).
  • HY-B0486
    Lonidamine Inhibitor 99.45%
    Lonidamine (AF-1890), an antitumor agent, is a hexokinase, mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (Ki 2.5 μM in isolated rat liver mitochondria) and plasma membrane monocarboxylate transporters inhibitor, which also inhibits mitochondrial complex II.
  • HY-15206
    Glibenclamide 99.79%
    Glibenclamide (Glyburide) is an orally active ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP) inhibitor and can be used for the research of diabetes and obesity. Glibenclamide inhibits P-glycoprotein. Glibenclamide directly binds and blocks the SUR1 subunits of KATP and inhibits the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). Glibenclamide interferes with mitochondrial bioenergetics by inducing changes on membrane ion permeability. Glibenclamide can induce autophagy.
  • HY-112037
    IACS-010759 Inhibitor 99.60%
    IACS-010759 is an orally active, potent mitochondrial complex I of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor. IACS-010759 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in models of brain cancer and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) reliant on OXPHOS. IACS-010759 has the potential for relapsed/refractory AML and solid tumors research.
  • HY-P0025
    NIM811 Inhibitor 98.82%
    NIM811 ((Melle-4)cyclosporin; SDZ NIM811) is an orally bioavailable mitochondrial permeability transition and cyclophilin dual inhibitor, which exhibits potent in vitro activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) .
  • HY-111536
    Mitochonic acid 5 Modulator 99.37%
    Mitochonic acid 5 binds mitochondria and ameliorates renal tubular and cardiac myocyte damage. Mitochonic acid 5 modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
  • HY-100004
    Fumarate hydratase-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.63%
    Fumarate hydratase-IN-1 (compound 2) is a cell-permeable fumarate hydratase inhibitor. Fumarate hydratase-IN-1 has antiproliferative activity against several cancer cell lines with a mean IC50 of 2.2 μM.
  • HY-14771A
    Imeglimin hydrochloride Activator ≥98.0%
    Imeglimin hydrochloride (EMD 387008) is an oral glucose-lowering agent. Imeglimin also reduces reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, increases mitochondrial DNA and improves mitochondrial function.
  • HY-N0018
    Daidzin Inhibitor 99.77%
    Daidzin is an isoflavone that has anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-atherosclerotic activities; directly inhibits mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (IC50 = 80 nM) and is an effective anti-dipsotropic isoflavone.
  • HY-123986
    CTPI-2 Inhibitor 98.83%
    CTPI-2 is a third-generation mitochondrial citrate carrier SLC25A1 inhibitor with a KD of 3.5 μM. CTPI-2 inhibits glycolysis, PPARγ, and its downstream target the glucose transporter GLUT4. CTPI-2 halts salient alterations of NASH reverting steatosis, preventing the evolution to steatohepatitis, reducing inflammatory macrophage infiltration in the liver and adipose tissue, and starkly mitigating obesity induced by a high-fat diet. Antitumor activity.
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