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  3. iKIX1

iKIX1 

Cat. No.: HY-124952
Handling Instructions

iKIX1 is an antifungal agent and resensitizes drug-resistant C. glabrata to azole antifungals in vitro. iKIX1 inhibits the interaction between the KIX domain of the mediator subunit CgGal11A and the activation domain of CgPdr1, the IC50 and Ki values are 190.2 μM and 18 μM, respectively. iKIX1 is used for the study of multidrug resistance and C. glabrata infection.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

iKIX1 Chemical Structure

iKIX1 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 656222-54-7

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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Description

iKIX1 is an antifungal agent and resensitizes drug-resistant C. glabrata to azole antifungals in vitro. iKIX1 inhibits the interaction between the KIX domain of the mediator subunit CgGal11A and the activation domain of CgPdr1, the IC50 and Ki values are 190.2 μM and 18 μM, respectively. iKIX1 is used for the study of multidrug resistance and C. glabrata infection[1].

IC50 & Target

IC50: 190.2 μM (interaction between CgGal11A and CgPdr1)
Ki: 18 μM (interaction between CgGal11A and CgPdr1)[1]

In Vitro

iKIX1 (10-20 μg/ml) inhibits cell growth in a concentration-dependent manner in the presence of 5 µM ketoconazole (KET) in HepG2 cells[1].
FP titration curve showing the interaction of CgGal11A KIX domain with CgPdr1 AD30 fitted to a Kd of 319.7 nM. iKIX1 competes out CgPdr1 AD30 with an IC50 of 190.2 µM . In vitro binding studies, iKIX1 reveals that the Kd of the CgPdr1 activation domain (AD) for the CgGal11A KIX domain is 0.32 µM and the apparent Ki for iKIX1 is 18 µM[1].
iKIX1 (0-50 µM) inhibits Ketoconazole (KET)-induced upregulation of luciferase activity in a dose-responsive manner in a Sc pdr1Δpdr3Δ strain containing plasmid-borne CgPDR1 and 3XPDRE-luciferase[1].
A chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay is used to examine Gal11/Med15 recruitment to Pdr1-regulated target genes in S. cerevisiae. Ketoconazole induces Gal11/Med15 rapidly recruited to the promoters of the Pdr1 target genes PDR5 and SNQ2. iKIX1 abrogates Ketoconazole-induced recruitment of Gal11/Med15 and strongly inhibits azole-induced transcription of ScPdr1 target genes[1].
iKIX1 (20 μM) has an effect on the transcription of C. glabrata Pdr1-regulated genes involved in drug efflux and MDR (CgCDR1, CgCDR2 and CgYOR1). iKIX1 alone does not significantly affect Pdr1-target gene induction. But pre-treatment with iKIX1 reduces ketoconazole-induced CgPdr1 up-regulation in a durable and concentration-dependent manner[1].
In RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) assay of a C. glabrata SFY114 (PDR1 wild-type) strain. Azole up-regulates Pdr1-dependent genes in both yeasts, such as the drug efflux pumps ScPDR5 and CgCDR1i. KIX1 combines azole strongly blunts expression of many azole-activated and Pdr1-dependent genes in both S.cerevisiae and C. glabrata, but iKIX1 alone affects very different sets of genes in S.cerevisiae and C. glabrata. And then iKIX1 does not significantly alter the expression of PDR1 or GAL11/MED15 affects very different sets of genes in S.cerevisiae and C. glabrata[1]. iKIX1 (0-150 µM) restores the efficacy of azoles towards CgPDR1 gain-of-function mutants. It restores azole-sensitivity to PDR1 gain-of-function mutant strains in a concentration-dependent manner[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

303.17

Formula

C₁₀H₈Cl₂N₄OS

CAS No.

656222-54-7

SMILES

O=C(NNC(NC1=CC=C(Cl)C(Cl)=C1)=S)CC#N

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 83.33 mg/mL (274.86 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.2985 mL 16.4924 mL 32.9848 mL
5 mM 0.6597 mL 3.2985 mL 6.5970 mL
10 mM 0.3298 mL 1.6492 mL 3.2985 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: 2.08 mg/mL (6.86 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.86 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.86 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
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Keywords:

iKIX1iKIX 1iKIX-1FungalantifungalC. glabratainfectionCgGal11ACgPdr1drug-resistantInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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iKIX1
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