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  3. D-Glutamine

D-Glutamine 

Cat. No.: HY-100587 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

D-Glutamine is a cell-permeable D type stereoisomer of Glutamine.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

D-Glutamine Chemical Structure

D-Glutamine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 5959-95-5

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Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

D-Glutamine is a cell-permeable D type stereoisomer of Glutamine.

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

Glutamine is a key amino acid in the central nervous system (CNS), playing an important role in the glutamate/GABA-Glutamine cycle (GGC). In the GGC,Glutamine is transferred from astrocytes to neurons, where it will replenish the inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitter pools[1]. D-Glutamine has been used to study its role in conferring protection against acetaldehyde-induced disruption of barrier function in Caco-2 cell monolayer. Role of L-Glutamine in the protection of intestinal epithelium from acetaldehyde-induced disruption of barrier function is evaluated in Caco-2 cell monolayer. L-Glutamine reduced the acetaldehyde-induced decrease in transepithelilal electrical resistance and increase in permeability to inulin and lipopolysaccharide in a time- and dose-dependent manner; D-Glutamine, L-aspargine, L-arginine, L-lysine, or L-alanine produced no significant protection. D-Glutamine also fails to influence the acetaldehyde-induced decrease in TER and increase in inulin flux. D-Glutamine or glutaminase inhibitor by themselves did not influence TER or inulin flux in control or acetaldehyde-treated cell monolayers. Lack of effect of D-Glutamine in protection from acetaldehyde indicates that the L-Glutamine-mediated protection is stereospecific[2].

Molecular Weight

146.14

Formula

C₅H₁₀N₂O₃

CAS No.

5959-95-5

SMILES

N[[email protected]](CCC(N)=O)C(O)=O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : ≥ 32 mg/mL (218.97 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 6.8428 mL 34.2138 mL 68.4275 mL
5 mM 1.3686 mL 6.8428 mL 13.6855 mL
10 mM 0.6843 mL 3.4214 mL 6.8428 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Cell Assay
[2]

Effect of D-Glutamine and glutaminase inhibitor on acetaldehyde-induced permeability. Caco-2 cell monolayers are incubated for 4 h without or with acetaldehyde (600 μM) and L-Glutamine or D-Glutamine (2 mM) in the absence or presence of 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (DON). Transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) and FITC-inulin flux are measured. Values are means±SE (n=6)[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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