1. JAK/STAT Signaling Protein Tyrosine Kinase/RTK Anti-infection
  2. EGFR HCV Influenza Virus
  3. AG-1478

AG-1478  (Synonyms: Tyrphostin AG-1478; NSC 693255)

Cat. No.: HY-13524 Purity: 99.22%
COA Handling Instructions

AG-1478 (Tyrphostin AG-1478) is a selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM. AG-1478 has antiviral effects against HCV and encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

AG-1478 Chemical Structure

AG-1478 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 153436-53-4

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 61 In-stock
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10 mg USD 77 In-stock
50 mg USD 275 In-stock
100 mg USD 385 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 34 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of AG-1478:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

32 Publications Citing Use of MCE AG-1478


    AG-1478 purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Environ Toxicol. 2023 Feb 9.  [Abstract]

    AG1478 (2 μM) suppresses the phosphorylation of EGFR and ERK1/2 and subsequently upregulates the expression of ZO-1 and occludin in BEAS-2B cells.

    AG-1478 purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 19;7:40802.  [Abstract]

    EGFR participates the process of ACh induced cell proliferation and signaling transduction. After adding 10 μM EGFR specific inhibitor AG1478 2 h prior to ACh addition, protein changes are analyzed by western blot.
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review


    AG-1478 (Tyrphostin AG-1478) is a selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM. AG-1478 has antiviral effects against HCV and encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV).

    IC50 & Target[1][4]


    3 nM (IC50)





    In Vitro

    AG-1478 (AG1478) is irreversible for growth regulation of human lung (A549) and prostate (DU145) cancer cell lines, cultured in chemically defined DMEM/F12 medium. AG-1478 seems to be more effective at lower concentrations, but is unable to completely inhibit growth of A549 cells[1]. Inhibition of EGFR by specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG-1478 (AG1478) significantly decreases the angiotensin II-mediated synthesis of TGF-β and fibronectin by cardiac fibroblasts. EGFR is pharmacologically inhibited by small-molecule inhibitor AG-1478 with IC50 of 4 nM[2]. Both Polyfect (PF) and Superfect (SF) treatment lead to increased apoptosis in HEK 293 cells to a similar extent as assessed by flow cytometry. The antioxidant, tempol, significantly reduced dendrimer-mediated apoptosis for both PF and SF. AG-1478 (AG1478), at a 10-fold higher dose (100 μM) than used in signaling studies, is used as a positive control and significantly induced apoptosis in HEK 293 cells[3].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    In Vivo

    Administration of AG-1478 (AG1478) significantly reduces myocardial inflammation, fibrosis, apoptosis, and dysfunction in both two obese mouse models. ApoE-/- mice are first fed with HFD for 8 weeks (ApoE-HFD), and then administrated with AG-1478 (10 mg/kg/day) or 542 (10 mg/kg/day) for another 8 weeks by oral gavage. AG-1478 or 542 treatment blocks HFD induced cardiac EGFR phosphorylation in vivo, without affecting the plasma level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total triglyceride (TG)[2]. Administration of EGF (10 nM) leads to a robust and reproducible elevation in EGFR phosphorylation that can be blocked by AG-1478 (AG1478), a known inhibitor of EGFR phosphorylation. Increasing doses of Polyfect (PF) result in a significant reduction in EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation (p<0.05) but this is to a lesser extent than observed with AG1478[3].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Molecular Weight




    CAS No.



    White to off-white




    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 2 years
    -20°C 1 year
    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 50 mg/mL (158.35 mM; Need ultrasonic)

    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 3.1671 mL 15.8353 mL 31.6706 mL
    5 mM 0.6334 mL 3.1671 mL 6.3341 mL
    10 mM 0.3167 mL 1.5835 mL 3.1671 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    In Vivo:
    • 1.

      Add each solvent one by one:  1% CMC  0.5% Tween-80

      Solubility: 5 mg/mL (15.84 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 2.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.59 mM); Clear solution

    • 3.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.59 mM); Clear solution

    • 4.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.59 mM); Clear solution

    *All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Purity & Documentation

    Purity: 99.22%

    Cell Assay

    DU145 (HTB-81) and A549 (CCL-185) cells are seeded on 96-well plates at concentrations of 4×103 cells/well in MEM (DU145 cells) or DMEM (A549 cells). Following 24 h of incubation, the culture medium is replaced with serum-free DMEM/F12 (1:1) supplemented with Transferrin (5 mg/mL), sodium selenite (2 ng/mL) and albumin (0.5 mg/mL) [DMEM/F12+]. After an additional 24 h of incubation (Day 0), the medium is replaced by serum-free DMEM/F12+ medium containing tyrosine kinase inhibitors: AG494, AG-1478 respectively in concentration ranges 1-20 μM and 0.1-8 μM. The incubation is continued for the next 24 h at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere. The modified crystal violet staining method (CV) and MTT assay are used to determine the influence of the tyrphostins on the proliferation of target cells. The absorbance is measured using a Tecan multiscan plate recorder[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration

    28 C57BL/6 or ApoE-/- mice are randomly divided into four weight-matched groups. 7 mice are fed with standard animal low-fat diet containing 10 kcal.% fat, 20 kcal.% protein and 70 kcal.% carbohydrate serve as a normal control group (Control or ApoE-LF), while the remaining 21 mice are fed with high-fat diet containing 60 kcal.% fat, 20 kcal.% protein and 20 kcal.% carbohydrate for 16 weeks. Since 9th week, AG-1478 or 542 are given daily by oral gavage at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day for the next 8 weeks. Mice in the Control and HFD groups are gavaged with vehicle (1% CMC-Na solution) only. At the day before the sacrifice of ApoE-/- mice, doppler analysis is performed to determine the pathologic cardiac hypertrophy.
    Male Wistar rats weighing about 300g are used in this study and divided into the following groups (N=5). Group 1: Non-diabetic (Control, C) animals, Group 2: C+PF (10mg/kg administered as a single intraperotoneal (i.p) injection) Group 3: C+SF (10mg/kg i.p); Group 4: C+AG-1478 (1 mg/kg i.p). Group 5: Rats bearing 4 weeks of diabetes (D) induced by a single i.p. injection of streptozotocin (55 mg/kg body weight); Group 6: D+PF (10 mg/kg i.p) Group 7: D+SF (10 mg/kg i.p) and Group 8: D+AG-1478 (1 mg/kg i.p). AG-1478 and dendrimer treatments are administered as single dose for 24h prior to sacrifice. Rat body weight and basal glucose levels are assessed before and after treatments just before sacrificing the animals. An automated blood glucose analyzer is used to assess blood glucose concentrations and rats with a blood glucose concentration above 250 mg/dL (approx. 14 mM) are declared diabetic as in previous studies.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

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    • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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