1. Immunology/Inflammation
    JAK/STAT Signaling
    Epigenetics
    Stem Cell/Wnt
  2. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)
    JAK
    STAT

Atractylenolide I 

Cat. No.: HY-N0201 Purity: 99.08%
Handling Instructions

Atractylenolide I is a sesquiterpene derived from the rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala, possesses diverse bioactivities, such as neuroprotective, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Atractylenolide I reduces protein levels of phosphorylated JAK2 and STAT3 in A375 cells, and acts as a TLR4-antagonizing agent.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Atractylenolide I Chemical Structure

Atractylenolide I Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 73069-13-3

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 99 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 90 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 150 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 490 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg   Get quote  
200 mg   Get quote  

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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Atractylenolide I is a sesquiterpene derived from the rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala, possesses diverse bioactivities, such as neuroprotective, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Atractylenolide I reduces protein levels of phosphorylated JAK2 and STAT3 in A375 cells, and acts as a TLR4-antagonizing agent.

IC50 & Target

JAK2, STAT3[1], TLR4[4]

In Vitro

Atractylenolide I (40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150 μM) dose- and time-dependently reduces the cell viability in human A375 melanoma cells after treatment for 24, 48 and 72 hours. Atractylenolide I (50 and 100 μM) induces apoptosis of A375 cells in a dose-dependent manner at 48 h of treatment. Atractylenolide I (100 μM) significantly reduces protein levels of phosphorylated JAK2 and STAT3 in A375 cells, without effect on total JAK2 and STAT3. Furthermore, Atractylenolide I inhibits the mRNA expression of STAT3-targeted genes, including Bcl-xL, MMP-2 and MMP-9[1]. Atractylenolide I (up to 100 μM) shows no toxicity in normal cells. Atractylenolide I (25, 50 μM) decreases the Ox-LDL induced TNF-α, IL-6 and NO production in VSMCs. Atractylenolide I (12.5, 25 or 50 μM) significantly reduces the level of MCP-1 and inhibits Ox-LDL-induced VSMCs proliferation and migration. Atractylenolide I (25, 50 μM) inhibits positive staining of foam cells, and also significantly decreases lipid accumulation. Atractylenolide I (50 μM) suppresses p38MAPK and NF-κB p65 expression in VSMCs stimulated by Ox-LDL[3]. Atractylenolide I (1, 10, 100 μM) downregulates paclitaxel-induced expression of VEGF and survivin via MyD88-dependent TLR4 signaling in EOC cells[4].

In Vivo

Atractylenolide I (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg, p.o.) restores the decreased body weight in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). Atractylenolide I alleviates CUMS-induced depressive-like behavior, attenuates CUMS-induced imbalances in hippocampal neurotransmitter levels and reduces CUMS-induced increases in hippocampal pro-inflammatory cytokine levels and in the NLRP3 inflammasome in the hippocampi of mice[2].

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

10 mM in DMSO

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 4.3422 mL 21.7108 mL 43.4216 mL
5 mM 0.8684 mL 4.3422 mL 8.6843 mL
10 mM 0.4342 mL 2.1711 mL 4.3422 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Cell Assay
[3]

Briefly, serum starved VSMCs are pre-treated with indicated concentration of Atractylenolide I for 1 h followed by stimulation with Ox-LDL for 24 h. The purple formazan crystals formed after addition of MTT are solubilized in DMSO and absorbance is measured at 540 nm. The viability or proliferation rate is calculated as percentage of control (untreated VSMCs)[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
After adaption for one week, 48 male ICR mice are randomly divided into six groups (eight mice per group): Control group (unstressed + saline vehicle), model group (CUMS + saline vehicle), three Atractylenolide I treatment groups (CUMS + Atractylenolide I) and a fluoxetine group (CUMS + FLU). From the 4th week, Atractylenolide I (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg) or fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) is daily administered by oral gavage for 3 weeks. After the last administration of Atractylenolide I or fluoxetine, behavioral tests are performed[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

230.30

Formula

C₁₅H₁₈O₂

CAS No.

73069-13-3

SMILES

O=C1C(C)=C(C[[email protected]@]23[H])C(O1)=C[[email protected]@]3(C)CCCC2=C

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

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Product Name:
Atractylenolide I
Cat. No.:
HY-N0201
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Atractylenolide I

Cat. No.: HY-N0201