1. Apoptosis
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Apoptosis
    Endogenous Metabolite
  3. Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride

Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride (Synonyms: Hematoporphyrin IX dihydrochloride)

Cat. No.: HY-B0754A Purity: ≥98.0%
Handling Instructions

Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride (Hematoporphyrin IX dihydrochloride), a photosensitizer, is a substrate for affinity chromatography of heme-binding proteins. Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride can induce apoptosis in U87 glioma cells and decrease tumor growth in vivo when exposed to red light.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride Chemical Structure

Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 17696-69-4

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Based on 4 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride (Hematoporphyrin IX dihydrochloride), a photosensitizer, is a substrate for affinity chromatography of heme-binding proteins. Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride can induce apoptosis in U87 glioma cells and decrease tumor growth in vivo when exposed to red light[1][2][3].

In Vitro

Hematoporphyrin (20-120 nM; 60 min) dose-dependently inhibits cell viability in U87 and U251 glioma cells, with IC50s of 85 and 166 nM, respectively[2].
Hematoporphyrin (85 nM; 60 min) induces cell apoptosis via induction of ROS in U87 cells[2].
Hematoporphyrin (85 nM; 60 min) induces morphological changes of U87 cells under the red light, including shrinking, fragmentation[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[2]

Cell Line: U87 and U251 cells
Concentration: 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 nM
Incubation Time: 60 min
Result: Inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner.
Was more effective under the red light than white light.

Apoptosis Analysis[2]

Cell Line: U87 cells
Concentration: 85 nM
Incubation Time: 60 min
Result: Induced apoptotic nuclei in U87 cells with low cell density.
Induced the ROS and decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential.
In Vivo

Hematoporphyrin (5-10 mg/kg; i.p. for 2 months) with the irradiation of red light rapidly decreases the tumor size of rats, due to necrosis caused both by direct action of the photoactivated porphyrin on the tumor cells and by secondary effects on blood vessels[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Wistar albino rats of both sexes (20 d; 60-80 g) bearing a subcutaneous solid Yoshida hepatoma AH-130[3]
Dosage: 5, 10 mg/kg
Administration: I.p. daily during the initial 10 days and biweekly for the next 2 months
Result: No tumor could be palpated a few days after exposure of the rats to light.
The skin healed completely and regrowth of the hair occurred.
Massive coagulation necrosis of the tumor 24 h after phototreatment (×40).
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

671.61

Formula

C₃₄H₄₀Cl₂N₄O₆

CAS No.
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years

*The compound is unstable in solutions, freshly prepared is recommended.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 62.5 mg/mL (93.06 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (ultrasonic;warming;heat to 60°C) (insoluble)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.4890 mL 7.4448 mL 14.8896 mL
5 mM 0.2978 mL 1.4890 mL 2.9779 mL
10 mM 0.1489 mL 0.7445 mL 1.4890 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.10 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.10 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References

Purity: ≥98.0%

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Product Name:
Hematoporphyrin dihydrochloride
Cat. No.:
HY-B0754A
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