1. Immunology/Inflammation
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. COX


Cat. No.: HY-N1067 Purity: 99.68%
Handling Instructions

Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.
Xanthohumol Chemical Structure

Xanthohumol Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 6754-58-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 92 In-stock
5 mg USD 84 In-stock
10 mg USD 144 In-stock
25 mg USD 312 In-stock
50 mg   Get quote  
100 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References


Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities.

In Vitro

Xanthohumol significantly attenuates ADP-induced blood platelet aggregation, and significantly reduces the expression of fibrinogen receptor (activated form of GPIIbIIIa) on platelets' surface[1]. Xanthohumol (5-50 nM) reduces the frequency of spontaneously occurring Ca2+ sparks and Ca2+ waves in control myocytes and in cells subjected to Ca2+ overload caused by: (1) exposure to low K+ solutions, (2) periods of high frequency electrical stimulation, (3) exposures to isoproterenol or (4) caffeine. Xanthohumol (50-100 nM) reduces the rate of relaxation of electrically- or caffeine-triggered Ca2+ transients, without suppressing ICa, but this effect is small and reversed by isoproterenol at physiological temperatures. Xanthohumol also suppresses the Ca2+ content of the SR, and its rate of recirculation[2]. Treatment of endothelial cells with Xanthohumol leads to increased AMPK phosphorylation and activity. Functional studies using biochemical approaches confirm that AMPK mediates Xanthohumol anti-angiogenic activity. AMPK activation by Xanthohumol is mediated by CAMMKβ, but not LKB1. Analysis of the downstream mechanisms shows that Xanthohumol-induced AMPK activation reduces nitric oxide (NO) levels in endothelial cells by decreasing eNOS phosphorylation. Finally, AKT pathway is inactivated by Xanthohumol as part of its anti-angiogenic activity, but independently from AMPK, suggesting that these two signaling pathways proceed autonomously[3]. Xanthohumol significantly reduces cell viability and induces apoptosis via pro-caspase-3/8 cleavage and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) degradation. Pro-caspase-9 cleavage, Bcl2 family expression changes, mitochondrial dysfunction, and intracellular ROS generation also participate in Xanthohumol-induced glioma cell death. Xanthohumol's inhibition of the IGFBP2/AKT/Bcl2 pathway via miR-204-3p targeting plays a critical role in mediating glioma cell death[4].

Clinical Trial
Preparing Stock Solutions
Concentration Volume Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.8217 mL 14.1084 mL 28.2167 mL
5 mM 0.5643 mL 2.8217 mL 5.6433 mL
10 mM 0.2822 mL 1.4108 mL 2.8217 mL
Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Cell Assay

Xanthohumol is dissolved in DMSO.

In vitro cell proliferation/viability is measured by the MTT test at different time points. 1000 cells/well are plated into 96-multiwell plates in complete medium. Following adhesion, medium is replaced with fresh medium containing the different treatments or vehicle (DMSO in medium). Xanthohumol and EGCG are used in a concentration range from 2.5 to 40 μM, up to 96 hours. 3 hours before each time point, MTT reagent (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) is added to the wells and plates are incubated at 37°C. At the indicated time points, absorbance at 540 nm is then measured by a FLUOstar spectrophotometer. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight








Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Solvent & Solubility

DMSO: ≥ 150 mg/mL

* "<1 mg/mL" means slightly soluble or insoluble. "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

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