1. Immunology/Inflammation
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. COX
    DGAT

Xanthohumol 

Cat. No.: HY-N1067 Purity: 99.68%
Data Sheet SDS Handling Instructions

Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.
Xanthohumol Chemical Structure

Xanthohumol Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 6754-58-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO $77 In-stock
5 mg $70 In-stock
10 mg $120 In-stock
25 mg $260 In-stock
50 mg   Get quote  
100 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities.

In Vitro

Xanthohumol significantly attenuates ADP-induced blood platelet aggregation, and significantly reduces the expression of fibrinogen receptor (activated form of GPIIbIIIa) on platelets' surface[1]. Xanthohumol (5-50 nM) reduces the frequency of spontaneously occurring Ca2+ sparks and Ca2+ waves in control myocytes and in cells subjected to Ca2+ overload caused by: (1) exposure to low K+ solutions, (2) periods of high frequency electrical stimulation, (3) exposures to isoproterenol or (4) caffeine. Xanthohumol (50-100 nM) reduces the rate of relaxation of electrically- or caffeine-triggered Ca2+ transients, without suppressing ICa, but this effect is small and reversed by isoproterenol at physiological temperatures. Xanthohumol also suppresses the Ca2+ content of the SR, and its rate of recirculation[2]. Treatment of endothelial cells with Xanthohumol leads to increased AMPK phosphorylation and activity. Functional studies using biochemical approaches confirm that AMPK mediates Xanthohumol anti-angiogenic activity. AMPK activation by Xanthohumol is mediated by CAMMKβ, but not LKB1. Analysis of the downstream mechanisms shows that Xanthohumol-induced AMPK activation reduces nitric oxide (NO) levels in endothelial cells by decreasing eNOS phosphorylation. Finally, AKT pathway is inactivated by Xanthohumol as part of its anti-angiogenic activity, but independently from AMPK, suggesting that these two signaling pathways proceed autonomously[3]. Xanthohumol significantly reduces cell viability and induces apoptosis via pro-caspase-3/8 cleavage and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) degradation. Pro-caspase-9 cleavage, Bcl2 family expression changes, mitochondrial dysfunction, and intracellular ROS generation also participate in Xanthohumol-induced glioma cell death. Xanthohumol's inhibition of the IGFBP2/AKT/Bcl2 pathway via miR-204-3p targeting plays a critical role in mediating glioma cell death[4].

Clinical Trial
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References
Preparing Stock Solutions
Concentration Volume Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.8217 mL 14.1084 mL 28.2167 mL
5 mM 0.5643 mL 2.8217 mL 5.6433 mL
10 mM 0.2822 mL 1.4108 mL 2.8217 mL
Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Cell Assay
[3]

Xanthohumol is dissolved in DMSO.

In vitro cell proliferation/viability is measured by the MTT test at different time points. 1000 cells/well are plated into 96-multiwell plates in complete medium. Following adhesion, medium is replaced with fresh medium containing the different treatments or vehicle (DMSO in medium). Xanthohumol and EGCG are used in a concentration range from 2.5 to 40 μM, up to 96 hours. 3 hours before each time point, MTT reagent (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) is added to the wells and plates are incubated at 37°C. At the indicated time points, absorbance at 540 nm is then measured by a FLUOstar spectrophotometer. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

354.4

Formula

C₂₁H₂₂O₅

CAS No.

6754-58-1

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Solvent & Solubility

DMSO: ≥ 150 mg/mL

* "<1 mg/mL" means slightly soluble or insoluble. "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

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Xanthohumol
Cat. No.:
HY-N1067
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