1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Apoptosis
    Autophagy
  2. Antifolate
    Apoptosis
    Autophagy
  3. Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate (Synonyms: LY231514 disodium hemipenta hydrate)

Cat. No.: HY-13781 Purity: 99.78%
Handling Instructions

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate is a novel antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of LY231514 are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate Chemical Structure

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 357166-30-4

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Based on 4 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate:

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Description

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate is a novel antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of LY231514 are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.

IC50 & Target

Ki: 1.3 nM (TS), 7.2 nM (DHFR), 65 nM (GARFT)[1]

In Vitro

Pemetrexed (LY231514) disodium is a novel classical antifolate, the antitumor activity of which may result from simultaneous and multipie inhibition of several key folate-requiring enzymes via its polyglutamated metabolites. Pemetrexed (LY231514) is one of the best substrates that is known for the enzyme FPGS (Km=1.6 μM and Vmax/Km=621). It is likely that polyglutamation and the polyglutamated metabolites of LY231514 play profound roles in determining both the selectivity and the antitumor activity of this novel agent. Whereas LY23l5l4 only moderately inhibits TS (Ki=340 nM, recombinant mouse), the pentaglutamate of LY23l5l4 is 100-fold more potent (Ki=3.4 nM), making LY231514 one of the most potent folate-based TS inhibitors[1].

In Vivo

The group of mice treated with PC61 plus Pemetrexed demonstrates statistically longer survival than other groups. In a survival analysis, significantly better survival is observed in the group of mice treated with PC61 plus Pemetrexed compare with those treated with PC61 alone, rat IgG plus Pemetrexed, or no treatment[2].

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

516.41

Formula

C₂₀H₂₁N₅O₆ . ₅/₂ H₂O . ₂Na

CAS No.

357166-30-4

SMILES

O=C([O-])CC[[email protected]@H](C([O-])=O)NC(C1=CC=C(CCC2=CNC(N=C(N)N3)=C2C3=O)C=C1)=O.[Na+].[2.5H2O].[Na+]

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : ≥ 29 mg/mL (56.16 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.9364 mL 9.6822 mL 19.3645 mL
5 mM 0.3873 mL 1.9364 mL 3.8729 mL
10 mM 0.1936 mL 0.9682 mL 1.9364 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Kinase Assay
[1]

AICARFT inhibition assays are carried out at room temperature by monitoring the formation of [6S]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate from 10-formyl-[6R,S]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate at A298. All solutions are purged with N2 gas prior to use. The reaction solution contains 33 mM Tris-Cl, pH 7.4, 25 mM KCl, 5 mM 2-Mercaptoethanol, 0.05 mM AICA ribonucleotide, and 16 nM (2 milliunits/mL) of AICARFT. 10-Formyl-[6R,S]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate concentrations of 0.037, 0.074, and 0.145 mM are used (0.61, 1.23, and 2.45 times its Km value, respectively). LY231514 is tested as an inhibitor at 0.08-0.8 mM (four concentrations). When the tri- and pentaglutamates of LY231514 are used as inhibitors, the concentrations are 0.0005-0.009 mM (eight concentrations). Enzyme assays are initiated by the addition of enzyme. Data is analyzed using the ENZFITTER program for competitive inhibition.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[1]

Dose-response curves are generated to determine the concentration required for 50% inhibition of growth (IC50). Pemetrexed is dissolved initially in DMSO at a concentration of 4 mg/mL and further diluted with cell culture medium to the desired concentration. CCRF-CEM leukemia cells in complete medium are added to 24-well Cluster plates at a final concentration of 4.8×104 cells/well in a total volume of 2 mL. Test compounds at various concentrations are added to duplicate wells so that the final volume of DMSO is 0.5%. The plates are incubated for 72 h at 37°C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air. At the end of the incubation, cell numbers are determined on a ZBI Coulter counter. Control wells usually contain 4×105 to 6×105 cells at the end of the incubation. For several studies, IC50s are determined for each compound in the presence of either 300 μM AICA, 5 μM thymidine, 100 μM hypoxanthine, or combination of 5 μM hymidine plus 100 μM hypoxanthine[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1]

Dose-response curves are generated to determine the concentration required for 50% inhibition of growth (IC50). Pemetrexed is dissolved initially in DMSO at a concentration of 4 mg/mL and further diluted with cell culture medium to the desired concentration. CCRF-CEM leukemia cells in complete medium are added to 24-well Cluster plates at a final concentration of 4.8×l04 cells/well in a total volume of 2 mL. Test compounds at various concentrations are added to duplicate wells so that the final volume of DMSO is 0.5%. The plates are incubated for 72 h at 37°C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air. At the end of the incubation, cell numbers are determined on a ZBI Coulter counter. Control wells usually contain 4×105 to 6×105 cells at the end of the incubation. For several studies, IC50s are determined for each compound in the presence of either 300 μM AICA, 5 μM thymidine, 100 μM hypoxanthine, or combination of 5 μM hymidine plus 100 μM hypoxanthine[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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KeyWords:

Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate | LY231514 disodium hemipenta hydrate | Antifolate | Apoptosis | Autophagy | Inhibitor | inhibitor | inhibit

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Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate
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