1. Anti-infection
  2. Bacterial
    Antibiotic
  3. Daptomycin

Daptomycin (Synonyms: LY146032)

Cat. No.: HY-B0108 Purity: 99.90%
Handling Instructions

Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic with rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against gram-positive organisms.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Daptomycin Chemical Structure

Daptomycin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 103060-53-3

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Based on 4 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic with rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against gram-positive organisms.

In Vitro

Daptomycin has excellent in-vitro inhibitory and bactericidal activity against nafcillin-susceptible and resistant staphylococci (MIC90 less than or equal to 0.5 mg/L) and against enterococci (MIC90 less than or equal to 2.0 mg/L). Daptomycin is more active than vancomycin against the majority of isolated tested. With the exception of trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, daptomycin is the most active agent in vitro against enterococci, and is the most active against nafcillin-resistant staphylococci. Daptomycin and vancomycin show a marked increase in MIC when the inoculum is increased from 105 to 107 cfu/mL[1]. Daptomycin is effective within a very narrow range of drug concentrations (from 0.125 to 2.0 tLg/mL) and is more active than other agents tested against S. faecalis[2]. Daptomycin inhibits the formation of these nucleotide-linked intermediates[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

At a dose of 10 mg/kg given twice daily, daptomycin reduces the number of organisms per kidney significantly compared with that in infected untreated controls within 48 h after the initiation of therapy. At 20 mg/kg given once a day, daptomycin is less effective but reduces colony counts significantly after 4 days of therapy, and its activity is comparable to that of vancomycin or vancomycin-gentamicin given twice daily[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

1620.67

Formula

C₇₂H₁₀₁N₁₇O₂₆

CAS No.
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : 100 mg/mL (61.70 mM; Need ultrasonic)

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (61.70 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 0.6170 mL 3.0851 mL 6.1703 mL
5 mM 0.1234 mL 0.6170 mL 1.2341 mL
10 mM 0.0617 mL 0.3085 mL 0.6170 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

    Solubility: 100 mg/mL (61.70 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (1.28 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (1.28 mM); Clear solution

  • 4.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (1.28 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Animal Administration
[2]

Inocula containing 109 CFU/mL are prepared from an 18-h brain heart infusion broth culture. The exact number in each inoculum is subsequently determined by the standard serial 10-fold dilution agar pour plate technique. Animals are challenged intravenously with a 1.0-mL inoculum. This inoculum is known to infect the renal medulla of normal rats. Twenty-four hours later the animals are divided into eight groups and are given either saline only (controls) or antibiotic therapy initiated with Daptomycin at 10 mg/kg (Daptomycin10), Daptomycin at 20 mg/kg (Daptomycin20), Daptomycin10 plus gentamicin at 1.5 mg/kg, vancomycin at 20 mg/kg, vancomycin at 20 mg/kg plus gentamicin at 1.5 mg/kg, ampicillin at 30 mg per rat per injection, and ampicillin at 30 mg per rat plus gentamicin at 1.5 mg/kg. Animals receive Daptomycin20 once daily; all other drugs are administered twice daily. Vancomycin and Daptomycin are given subcutaneously; ampicillin and gentamicin are given intramuscularly. Drugs are administered for up to 13 days.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: 99.90%

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