1. Natural Products
  2. Antibiotics
  3. Macrolide Antibiotics

Macrolide Antibiotics

Macrolides contain a characteristic macrolactone ring which can range in size from 12 to 16 atoms and forms the core of these ribosome-targeting antibiotics. Most of the clinically relevant macrolides contain a 14 atoms core (e.g., Erythromycin and Clarithromycin). The side chains appended to the macrolactone define many important biological and clinical properties of macrolides. Specific sugar residues are usually linked at the C3 and C5 positions of the ring. Macrolide antibiotics play an antibacterial role by targeting the bacterial ribosome and inhibiting protein synthesis.

Macrolide Antibiotics (57):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin 53123-88-9 99.94%
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
    Rapamycin
  • HY-100558
    Bafilomycin A1 88899-55-2 ≥99.0%
    Bafilomycin A1 is a specific and reversible inhibitor of vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) with IC50 values of 4-400 nmol/mg. Bafilomycin A1, a macrolide antibiotic, is also used as an autophagy inhibitor at the late stage. Bafilomycin A1 blocks autophagosome-lysosome fusion and inhibits acidification and protein degradation in lysosomes of cultured cells. Bafilomycin A1 induces apoptosis.
    Bafilomycin A1
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A 20350-15-6 99.87%
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
    Brefeldin A
  • HY-13756
    Tacrolimus 104987-11-3 98.22%
    Tacrolimus (FK506), a macrocyclic lactone, binds to FK506 binding protein (FKBP) to form a complex. Tacrolimus inhibits calcineurin phosphatase, which inhibits T-lymphocyte signal transduction and IL-2 transcription. Immunosuppressive properties.
    Tacrolimus
  • HY-16589
    Oligomycin A 579-13-5 99.08%
    Oligomycin A (MCH 32), created by Streptomyces, acts as a mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1 μM; Oligomycin A shows anti-fungal activity.
    Oligomycin A
  • HY-N6782
    Oligomycin 1404-19-9 98.53%
    Oligomycin, an antifungal antibiotic, is an inhibitor of H+-ATP-synthase. Oligomycin blocks oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain. Oligomycin inhibits HIF-1alpha expression in hypoxic tumor cells.
    Oligomycin
  • HY-15310
    Ivermectin 70288-86-7
    Ivermectin (MK-933) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasite agent. Ivermectin (MK-933) is a specific inhibitor of Impα/β1-mediated nuclear import and has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. It is a positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and the α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs). Ivermectin also inhibits bovine herpesvirus1 (BoHV-1) replication and inhibits BoHV-1 DNA polymerase nuclear import. Ivermectin is a candidate therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
    Ivermectin
  • HY-17409
    Nystatin 1400-61-9 98.29%
    Nystatin is an orally active polyene antifungal antibiotic effective against yeast and mycoplasma. Nystatin increases the permeability of plasma membranes to small monovalent ions, including chloridion. Nystatin is a cholesterol-sequestering agent, partially prevents Oxaliplatin-induced lipid raft aggregation, DR4 and DR5 clustering, and thereby reduces apoptosis.
    Nystatin
  • HY-B0220
    Erythromycin 114-07-8 99.86%
    Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic produced by actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Erythromycin acts by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits and inhibits RNA-dependent protein synthesis by blockage of transpeptidation and/or translocation reactions, without affecting synthesis of nucleic acid.
    Erythromycin
  • HY-111557
    YM-254890 568580-02-9 ≥99.0%
    YM-254890 is a selective Gαq/11 protein inhibitor isolated from Chromobacterium sp. YM-254890 shows no inhibition of other G protein subtypes. YM-254890 inhibits platelet aggregation induced by ADP by blocking the P2Y1 signal transduction pathway, with an IC50 value below 0.6 μM.
    YM-254890
  • HY-B0108
    Daptomycin 103060-53-3 99.90%
    Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic with rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against gram-positive organisms.
    Daptomycin
  • HY-17580
    Fidaxomicin 873857-62-6 99.85%
    Fidaxomicin (OPT-80), a macrocyclic RNA polymerase inhibitor, has a narrow spectrum of activity. Fidaxomicin selectively eradicates pathogenic Clostridium difficile with minimal disruption to the multiple species of bacteria that make up the normal, healthy intestinal flora.
    Fidaxomicin
  • HY-13756A
    Tacrolimus monohydrate 109581-93-3 99.37%
    Tacrolimus monohydrate (FK506 monohydrate), a macrocyclic lactone, binds to FK506 binding protein (FKBP) to form a complex and inhibits calcineurin phosphatase, which inhibits T-lymphocyte signal transduction and IL-2 transcription. Immunosuppressive properties.
    Tacrolimus monohydrate
  • HY-13557
    Ascomycin 104987-12-4 99.62%
    Ascomycin (Immunomycin; FR-900520; FK520) is an ethyl analog of Tacrolimus (FK506) with strong immunosuppressant properties. Ascomycin is also a macrocyclic polyketide antibiotic with multiple biological activities such as anti-malarial, anti-fungal and anti-spasmodic. Ascomycin prevents graft rejection and has potential for varying skin ailments research.
    Ascomycin
  • HY-B0133
    Natamycin 7681-93-8 99.35%
    Natamycin (Pimaricin) is a macrolide antibiotic agent produced by several Streptomyces strains. Natamycin inhibits the growth of fungi via inhibition of amino acid and glucose transport across the plasma membrane. Natamycin is a food preservative, an antifungal agent in agriculture, and is widely used for fungal keratitis research.
    Natamycin
  • HY-N6769
    Radicicol 12772-57-5 ≥99.0%
    Radicicol is an inhibitor of Hsp90 with an IC50 value of 1 μM. Radicicol binds to the ATPase domain of Hsp90 and prevents maturation of Hsp90 clients, leading to proteasomal degradation. Radicicol is an antifungal antibiotic with antimalarial activity, impairs mitochondrial replication by targeting P. falciparum topoisomerase VIB.
    Radicicol
  • HY-16929
    Latrunculin A 76343-93-6 ≥98.0%
    Latrunculin A (LAT-A) is a toxin isolated from the red sea sponge Latrunculia magnifica, binds to actin monomers, inhibits polymerization of actin, with Kds of 0.1, 0.4, 4.7 μM and 0.19 μM for ATP-actin, ADP-Pi-actin, ADP-actin and G-actin, respectively.
    Latrunculin A
  • HY-15311
    Avermectin B1 71751-41-2
    Avermectin B1 (Abamectin) is a widely used insecticide and anthelmintic.
    Avermectin B1
  • HY-B1920
    Josamycin 16846-24-5 ≥98.0%
    Josamycin (EN-141) is a macrolide antibiotic exhibiting antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens, such as bacteria. The dissociation constant Kd from ribosome for Josamycin is 5.5 nM.
    Josamycin
  • HY-B0519A
    Tylosin 1401-69-0 99.81%
    Tylosin (Tylosin A) is a macrolide antibiotic found naturally as a fermentation product of Streptomyces fradiae. Tylosin exerts potent antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Tylosin is widely used as a feed additive for promoting animal growth. Tylosin is used for veterinary purposes against bacterial dysentery and respiratory diseases in poultry, pigs and cattle.
    Tylosin