1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. NO Synthase

NO Synthase

Nitric oxide synthases; NOS

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine. NO synthases catalyze the oxidation of L-arginine to NO and L-citrulline. Mammals contain three NOS isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and endothelial NOS (eNOS). NO produced from these different NOS isoforms is involved in a wide range of physiologic functions in the nervous, immune, and cardiovascular systems. Unregulated NO production can lead to pathologic conditions such as stroke, inflammation, and hypertension. Therefore, the control of NOS activity by isoform selective NOS inhibitors has great potential for therapeutic treatments of NO-related diseases.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10230
    Activator 99.95%
    Midostaurin (PKC412; CGP 41251) is an orally active, reversible multi-targeted protein kinase inhibitor. Midostaurin inhibits PKCα/β/γ, Syk, Flk-1, Akt, PKA, c-Kit, c-Fgr, c-Src, FLT3, PDFRβ and VEGFR1/2 with IC50s ranging from 22-500 nM. Midostaurin also upregulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression. Midostaurin shows powerful anticancer effects.
  • HY-13683
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    Mifepristone (RU486) is a progesterone receptor (PR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist with IC50s of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM in in vitro assay.
  • HY-18729A
    L-NAME hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.07%
    L-NAME hydrochloride inhibits NOS with an IC50 of 70 μM. L-NAME is a precursor to NOS inhibitor L-NOARG which has an IC50 value of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-18731
    1400W Dihydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    1400W dihydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of human inducible NO synthase with Ki values of 7 nM.
  • HY-121526
    Agonist 98.53%
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP) is a nitric oxide donor and acts as a stable inhibitor of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-18399
    YM-1 is a stable and soluble MKT-077 (HY-15096) analog and an orally active Hsp70 inhibitor. YM-1 induces cell death of HeLa cells and up-regulates the level of p53 and p21 proteins.
  • HY-152536
    iNOS inhibitor-10
    iNOS inhibitor-10 is an iNOS inhibitor (IC50: 65 nM). iNOS inhibitor-10 has antiproliferative effect against triple negative breast cancer cells.
  • HY-13562
    Banoxantrone (AQ4N), as a prototype hypoxia selective cytotoxin, can be reduced to AQ4, a potent topoisomerase II inhibitor. Banoxantrone selectively kills hypoxic cells via an iNOS-dependent mechanism. Banoxantrone shows a potent cytotoxicity and hypoxia-selective effect enhanced by radiation.
  • HY-N1445
    Inhibitor 99.87%
    Isoquercetin (Quercetin 3-glucoside) is a naturally occurring polyphenol that has antioxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties. Isoquercetin alleviates ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses via the Nrf2/ARE antioxidant signaling pathway. Isoquercetin regulates the expression of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NO2) via modulating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription regulation system. Isoquercetin has high bioavailability and low toxicity, is a promising candidate agent to prevent birth defects in diabetic pregnancies.
  • HY-14536
    Methylene Blue
    Inhibitor 98.08%
    Methylene blue (Basic Blue 9) is a guanylyl cyclase (sGC), monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor. Methylene blue is a vasopressor and is often used as a dye in several medical procedures. Methylene blue through the nitric oxide syntase/guanylate cyclase signalling pathway to reduce prepulse inhibition. Methylene blue is a REDOX cycling compound and able to cross the blood-brain barrier. Methylene blue is a Tau aggregation inhibitor. Methylene blue reduces cerebral edema, attenuated microglial activation and reduced neuroinflammation. Storage: protect from light.
  • HY-12116
    Inhibitor 99.20%
    L-NIL is an inducible NO synthase inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3.3 μM for miNOS.
  • HY-100986
    L-NIO dihydrochloride
    L-NIO dihydrochloride is a potent, non-selective and NADPH-dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, with Kis of 1.7, 3.9, 3.9 μM for neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS), and inducible (iNOS), respectively. L-NIO dihydrochloride induces a consistentfocal ischemic infarctin rats.
  • HY-18100A
    PRE-084 hydrochloride
    Activator 99.79%
    PRE-084 hydrochloride is a highly selective σ1 receptor (S1R) agonist, with an IC50 of 44 nM. PRE-084 hydrochloride exhibits good neuroprotective effects, can improve motor function and motor neuron survival in mice. PRE-084 hydrochloride also can ameliorate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by activating the Akt-eNOS pathway.
  • HY-N6029
    Dehydroevodiamine hydrochloride
    Dehydroevodiamine hydrochloride is isolated from the leaves of Evodia rutaecarpa.
  • HY-18252
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Avanafil (TA-1790) is a potent and selective phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.2 nM, 630 nM, 5700 nM, 6200 nM, 12000 nM, 27000 nM, 51000 nM and 53000 nM for PDE-5, PDE-6, PDE-4, PDE-10, PDE-8, PDE-7, PDE-2 and PDE-1, respectively. Avanafil activates NO/cGMP/PKG signaling-pathway to decrease loss in BMD, bone atrophy, and oxidative stress. Avanafil inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Avanafil can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction and osteoporosis.
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin ((Rac)-Sapropterin) is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
  • HY-12119A
    GW274150 phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.85%
    GW274150 phosphate is a potent, selective, orally active and NADPH-dependent inhibitor of human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) (IC50=2.19 μM; Kd=40 nM) and rat iNOS (ED50=1.15 μM). GW274150 phosphate displays less potency for both humans or rats endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS). GW274150 phosphate exerts a protective role in an acute model of lung injury inflammation.
  • HY-100954
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine is a specific GTP cyclohydrolase I inhibitor (the rate-limiting enzyme in de novo pterin synthesis). 2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine blocks Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis and suppresses NO production.
  • HY-18732A
    L-NMMA acetate
    Inhibitor 98.58%
    L-NMMA acetate is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor of all NOS isoforms including NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. The Ki values for nNOS (rat), eNOS (human), and iNOS (mouse) are approximately 0.18, 0.4, and 6 µM, respectively.
  • HY-N0455
    Activator ≥98.0%
    L-Arginine ((S)-(+)-Arginine) is the substrate for the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to generate NO. L-Arginine is transported into vascular smooth muscle cells by the cationic amino acid transporter family of proteins where it is metabolized to nitric oxide (NO), polyamines, or L-proline.
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Application Reactivity