1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. HSP

Apoptozole 

Cat. No.: HY-15098 Purity: 99.57%
Handling Instructions

Apoptozole is an inhibitor of the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively, and can induce apoptosis.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Apoptozole Chemical Structure

Apoptozole Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1054543-47-3

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 76 In-stock
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 55 In-stock
Stock in Sweden
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 95 In-stock
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 410 In-stock
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Apoptozole is an inhibitor of the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively, and can induce apoptosis.

IC50 & Target[1]

HSP70

0.14 μM (Kd)

HSC70

0.21 μM (Kd)

In Vitro

Apoptozole is an inhibitor of Hsc70 and Hsp70, which binds to Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively. Apoptozole (1 μM) induces apoptosis in P19 cells. Apoptozole shows inhibitory activities against several cancer cell lines, such as SK-OV-3 (ovarian cancer cells), HCT-15 (colon cancer cells), and A549 (lung cancer cells), with IC50s of 0.22, 0.25, and 0.13 μM, respectively[1]. Apoptozole binds to the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, but does not binds to other types of heat shock proteins such as Hsp60, Hsp90 or Hsp40[2]. Apoptozole (0-15 μM) suppresses the growth of A549 cells, HeLa cells, and MDA-MB-231 cells, with IC50s ranging from 5 to 7 μM. Apoptozole (5 or 10 μM) shows no effect on associations of HSP70 with ASK1, JNK, or BAX, and does not induce AIF-mediated caspase-independent apoptosis in HeLa cells[3].

In Vivo

Apoptozole (4 mg/kg, i.p.) exhibits antitumor activities in nude mice xenografted with A549, RKO (colorectal carcinoma), and HeLa cells[3].

References
Preparing Stock Solutions
Concentration Volume Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.5986 mL 7.9928 mL 15.9857 mL
5 mM 0.3197 mL 1.5986 mL 3.1971 mL
10 mM 0.1599 mL 0.7993 mL 1.5986 mL
Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Kinase Assay
[1]

Stock solutions of malachite green (0.081% w/v), polyvinyl alcohol (2.3% w/v), and ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate (5.7% w/v in 6 M HCl) are prepared and stored at 4°C. Three solutions are mixed with water in the ratio of 2 : 1 : 1 : 2 to prepare the malachite green reagent. For the determination of the ATPase activity of Hsc70, a master mixture of an ATPase domain of Hsc70 is prepared in assay buffer (100 mM Tris-HCl, 20 mM KCl, and 6 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4) as the final concentration of 1 mM. An aliquot (10 mL) of this mixture is added into each well of a 96-well plate. To this solution is added each compound (including Apoptozole) in assay buffer, and the plate is incubated for 30 min at room temperature. To start the reaction, 1 mL of 4 mM ATP is added to the solution. The final concentrations are 1 mM protein and 200 mM ATP in 20 mL of assay buffer. After 3 h incubation at 37°C, 80 mL of the malachite green reagent is added into each well. The samples are mixed thoroughly and incubated at 37°C for 15 min, and 10 mL of 34% sodium citrate is added to stop the nonenzymatic hydrolysis of ATP. The absorbance is determined at 620 nm on a SpectraMax 340 PC 384[1]. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[3]

Apoptozole is dissolved in culture media with 3% FBS.

Cells (5 × 105 per well) are plated in triplicate in 96-well plates in 0.1 mL of culture media with 10% FBS. After 24 hr, cells are treated with various concentrations of Apoptozole (0-15 μM) in culture media with 3% FBS (final volume: 0.2 mL per well) for 18, 48, and 72 hr before treatment with MTT. Absorbance at 570 nm is measured using a UV microplate reader[3]. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[3]

Male nude mice are housed in a pathogen-free room under controlled temperature and humidity. Mice aged 4 weeks are injected with tumor cells for the xenograft experiments. Viable A549 and RKO cells (5 × 106) and HeLa cells (5 × 106) are injected subcutaneously into the flank of mice. The A549 and RKO cell xenograft mice are immediately and randomly assigned to two groups. The first group (n = 10) is used as a control group and receives vehicle only. The second group (n = 10) receives intraperitoneal injections of Apoptozole (4 mg/kg/day) every other day for 2 weeks. The HeLa cell xenograft mice are immediately and randomly assigned to four groups. The first group (n = 10) is a control group receiving vehicle only. The second group (n = 10) receives intraperitoneal injections of Apoptozole (4 mg/kg/day) every other day for 2 weeks. The third group (n = 10) receives intraperitoneal injections of doxorubicin (15 mg/kg/day) every other day for 2 weeks. The fourth group (n = 10) receives intraperitoneal injections of Apoptozole (4 mg/kg/day) and doxorubicin (15 mg/kg/day) every other day for 2 weeks. Tumors in all mice are measured in two dimensions with calipers every 3 days and tumor volumes are calculated using the formula volume = w × l2/2, where w is the width at the widest point of the tumor and l is the length perpendicular to w. The results from individual mice are plotted as average tumor volumes versus time[3]. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

625.56

Formula

C₃₃H₂₅F₆N₃O₃

CAS No.

1054543-47-3

SMILES

NC(C(C=C1)=CC=C1CN2C(C3=CC=C(OC)C=C3)=C(C4=CC=C(OC)C=C4)N=C2C5=CC(C(F)(F)F)=CC(C(F)(F)F)=C5)=O

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Solvent & Solubility

DMSO: ≥ 31 mg/mL

* "<1 mg/mL" means slightly soluble or insoluble. "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

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Apoptozole
Cat. No.:
HY-15098
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