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Ketones, Aldehydes, Acids

Aldehydes: An aldehyde is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure -CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain. Because of the instability of aldehydes, most of them exist in the form of derivatives of aldehydes. Aldehydes are the active components of medicinal drugs and have the potential to be used as antioxidants, anti-parkinson drugs and sedative-hypnotic drugs. Ketones: Ketones are carbonyl group containing compounds, having aliphatic non-cyclic, aliphatic cyclic or phenyl constituents on both sides. They are comparatively stable than aldehyde due to hindrance as well as electronic effect and sometimes exist as tautomer with enol, which makes them water soluble. Acids: Compounds with an acidic functional group in their structure e.g. sulphonic, phenolic or carboxylic. Carboxylic acids are more commonly referred to as acids. They are widely distributed in nature in the form of lactic acid, formic acid, butyric acid, propionic acid, citric acid, acidic amino acids, malice acid, fumaric acid and etc. They are potentially used as acidulants, antioxidants, metallic detoxifiers in plants. It can also be used as product stabilizer and food additives.

Ketones, Aldehydes, Acids (1416):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-18739
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate 16561-29-8 99.66%
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a phorbol ester, is a dual SphK and protein kinase C (PKC) activator. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is a NF-κB activator. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces differentiation in THP-1 cells.
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine 616-91-1 ≥98.0%
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities.
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid 302-79-4 99.74%
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM. Retinoic acid acts as an inhibitor of transcription factor Nrf2 through activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha.
    Retinoic acid
  • HY-15144
    Trichostatin A 58880-19-6 99.91%
    Trichostatin A (TSA) is a potent and specific inhibitor of HDAC class I/II, with an IC50 value of 1.8 nM for HDAC.
    Trichostatin A
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 363-24-6 99.74%
    Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
    Prostaglandin E2
  • HY-N0504R
    Lovastatin (Standard) 75330-75-5 99.94%
    Lovastatin (Standard) is the analytical standard of Lovastatin. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Lovastatin is a cell-permeable HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower cholesterol.
    Lovastatin (Standard)
  • HY-120657
    9-PAHSA 1481636-31-0 ≥98.0%
    9-PAHSA is an orally available anti-inflammatory lipid that lowers blood sugar and reduces inflammation. 9-PAHSA also improved carotid vascular calcification and attenuates cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction in db/db mice. 9-PAHSA increases the viability of steatosis primary mouse hepatocytes (PMH). 9-PAHSA can be used in research on diabetes, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease.
  • HY-108964
    Carvone 99-49-0
    Carvone is a ketone monoterpene found mostly in the essential oils from plants of the genus Mentha. Carvone is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics and agriculture. Carvone has such effects as antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antinociceptive, anticonvulsant.
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1 ≥98.0%
    Valproic acid (VPA) is an orally active HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, metabolic disease, HIV infection and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid
  • HY-109590
    Arachidonic acid 506-32-1 99.32%
    Arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid and a major constituent of biomembranes.
    Arachidonic acid
  • HY-F0004
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide 1094-61-7 99.68%
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (β-NM) is a product of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction and a key NAD+ intermediate. The pharmacological activities of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity.
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
  • HY-B0511
    Biotin 58-85-5 99.80%
    Biotin, vitamin B7 and serves as a coenzyme for five carboxylases in humans, involved in the synthesis of fatty acids, isoleucine, and valine, and in gluconeogenesis. Biotin is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and the metabolism of fats and amino acids.
  • HY-N1446
    Oleic acid 112-80-1 98.81%
    Oleic acid (9-cis-Octadecenoic acid) is an abundant monounsaturated fatty acid. Oleic acid is a Na+/K+ ATPase activator.
    Oleic acid
  • HY-B0445
    NAD+ 53-84-9 99.86%
    NAD+ is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.
  • HY-B2167
    Docosahexaenoic acid 6217-54-5 99.81%
    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid abundantly present brain and retina. It can be obtained directly from fish oil and maternal milk.
    Docosahexaenoic acid
  • HY-D0187
    L-Glutathione reduced 70-18-8 99.87%
    L-Glutathione reduced (GSH; γ-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine) is an endogenous antioxidant and is capable of scavenging oxygen-derived free radicals.
    L-Glutathione reduced
  • HY-N0504
    Lovastatin 75330-75-5 99.89%
    Lovastatin is a cell-permeable HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower cholesterol.
  • HY-B2227
    Lactate 50-21-5
    Lactate (Lactic acid) is a hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 1 (HCAR1) activator and an epigenetic modulator inducing lysine residues lactylation. Lactate is a glycolysis end-product, bridging the gap between glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Lactate is an oncometabolite and has immune protective role of lactate in anti-tumor immunity.
  • HY-A0070A
    Liothyronine 6893-02-3 99.82%
    Liothyronine is an active form of thyroid hormone. Liothyronine is a potent thyroid hormone receptors TRα and TRβ agonist with Kis of 2.33 nM for hTRα and hTRβ, respectively.
  • HY-101193
    Zinc Protoporphyrin 15442-64-5 99.58%
    Zinc Protoporphyrin (Zn(II)-protoporphyrin IX) is an orally active and competitive heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor and markedly attenuates the protective effects of Phloroglucinol (PG) against H2O2. Zinc Protoporphyrin is used as a screening marker of iron deficiency in individual pregnant women and children, but also to assess population iron status in combination with haemoglobin concentration. Zinc Protoporphyrin has anti-cancer activity.
    Zinc Protoporphyrin