1. Alkaloid
  2. Trigonelline chloride

Trigonelline chloride (Synonyms: Trigonelline hydrochloride)

Cat. No.: HY-N0415 Purity: 99.96%
Handling Instructions

Trigonelline chloride, an alkaloid with potential antidiabetic activity, is present in considerable amounts in coffee.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Trigonelline chloride Chemical Structure

Trigonelline chloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 6138-41-6

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Trigonelline chloride:

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Trigonelline chloride, an alkaloid with potential antidiabetic activity, is present in considerable amounts in coffee.

In Vitro

It is found that Trigonelline chloride (TG) significantly rescues the morphology of the H9c2 cells. Treatment of cells with Trigonelline chloride attenuates H2O2 induced cell deaths and improves the antioxidant activity. In addition, Trigonelline chloride regulates the apoptotic gene caspase-3, caspase-9 and anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2, Bcl-XL during H2O2 induced oxidative stress in H9c2 cells. For evident, flow cytometer results also confirm that Trigonelline chloride significantly reduces the H2O2 induced necrosis and apoptosis in H9c2 cells. However, further increment of Trigonelline chloride concentration against H2O2 can induce the necrosis and apoptosis along with H2O2[1].

In Vivo

Trigonelline chloride decreases bone mineralization and tends to worsen bone mechanical properties in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In nicotinamide/streptozotocin-treated rats, Trigonelline chloride significantly increases bone mineral density (BMD) and tends to improve cancellous bone strength. Trigonelline chloride differentially affects the skeletal system of rats with streptozotocin-induced metabolic disorders, intensifying the osteoporotic changes in streptozotocin-treated rats and favorably affecting bones in the non-hyperglycemic (nicotinamide/streptozotocin-treated) rats[2].

Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 6 mg/mL (34.56 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 5.7604 mL 28.8018 mL 57.6037 mL
5 mM 1.1521 mL 5.7604 mL 11.5207 mL
10 mM 0.5760 mL 2.8802 mL 5.7604 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Cell Assay

The H9c2 cells are seeded in the 96 well at a density of 1×105 cells/well. The cells are treated with different concentrations of Trigonelline chloride (TG) (25 to 150 μM) and hydrogen peroxide (25 to 125 μM). It is incubated at 37°C in 5% CO2 incubator for 24 h and 6 h respectively and then the culture is treated with the water soluble tetrazolium (WST) reagent incubated for 2 h to 4 h. The living cells absorb the WST then it is converted into an orange colour product. Then, the intensity of colour is measured at 450 nm using spectra count ELISA reader. For cardio protective activity, the cells are seeded and separated into six groups: control, H2O2 alone, the rest of groups are initially exposed to different concentration (25 to 125 μM) of Trigonelline chloride for 48 hours. Then, 100 μM of H2O2 is added and incubated for 4 hours, after, read the absorbance at 450 nm for cell viability assay[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration

Three-month-old female Wistar rats are used in this study. The animals are divided into five groups (n=10): Control rats, Streptozotocin-treated control rats, Streptozotocin-treated rats receiving Trigonelline chloride (50 mg/kg p.o. daily), Nicotinamide/streptozotocin-treated control rats, and Nicotinamide/streptozotocin-treated rats receiving Trigonelline chloride (50 mg/kg p.o. daily). Administration of Trigonelline chloride starts two weeks after streptozotocin and lasts four weeks. Trigonelline chloride is administered once daily by a stomach tube. All control rats receive tap water (the vehicle) at the same volume of 2 mL/kg p.o. The four-week period of Trigonelline chloride administration is long enough to demonstrate skeletal effects of Trigonelline chloride and other compounds of plant origin in rats. The rats are fasted overnight after the last Trigonelline chloride or vehicle administration. The next day, the blood glucose level is measured and the rats are anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine, and then sacrificed by cardiac exsanguination[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight









Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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Product Name:
Trigonelline chloride
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Trigonelline chloride

Cat. No.: HY-N0415