1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    GPCR/G Protein
  2. Endogenous Metabolite
    Cannabinoid Receptor
    GPR55

Anandamide (Synonyms: (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenamide)

Cat. No.: HY-10863 Purity: >99.0%
Handling Instructions

Anandamide is an immune modulator in the central nervous system acts via not only cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) but also other targets (e.g., GPR18/GPR55).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Anandamide Chemical Structure

Anandamide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 94421-68-8

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Description

Anandamide is an immune modulator in the central nervous system acts via not only cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) but also other targets (e.g., GPR18/GPR55).

IC50 & Target[1]

CB1

 

CB2

 

GPR18/GPR55

 

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

Anandamide, acting via CB2 receptors, alleviates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation in rat primary microglial cultures. The endocannabinoid system modulates both neuronal and immune functions through two protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), although endocannabinoids, especially Anandamide (AEA), can activate numerous other receptors like PPARS, TRPV1, and GPR18/GPR55[1].

In Vivo

Anandamide is an endocannabinoid binding both CB1R and CB2R. To evaluate the impact of CBR activation on whole-body glucose homeostasis, glucose tolerance is assessed after a single intraperitoneal Anandamide injection (10 mg/kg). The increase in glycemia in response to glucose ingestion is considerably smaller in mice treated with Anandamide compared with control, and this is associated with an improvement of glucose tolerance as illustrated by the AUC0-2h calculations[2].

References
Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
Eleven-week-old C57BL/6J male mice and global CB1R-/- mice are housed individually on a 12/12-h light/dark schedule at 22-23°C with ad libitum access to water and food. A group of mice is subject to a high-fat diet (30% lard). After 16 weeks of diet, animals with a weight gain less than +10 g compared with controls are excluded from the study. Diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice (39.1±1.1 vs. 27.3±0.9 g, DIO vs. control) are glucose intolerant and insulin resistant. On the day of each experiment, food is removed from the cages for 6 h (from 8:00 A.M. to 2:00 P.M.). Anandamide is administered intraperitoneally at 10 mg/kg. In control experiments, animals are injected with vehicle (4% DMSO/1% Tween 80)[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

347.53

Formula

C₂₂H₃₇NO₂

CAS No.

94421-68-8

SMILES

CCCCC/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\CCCC(NCCO)=O

Storage
Pure form -20°C 3 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Purity: >99.0%

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Anandamide
Cat. No.:
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Anandamide

Cat. No.: HY-10863