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Results for "

mitochondria

" in MCE Product Catalog:

95

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2

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7

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2

Peptides

3

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25

Natural
Products

7

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-145323
    Mitochondria-Targeted Photoactivatable Prodrug

    Others Cancer
    Mitochondria-Targeted Photoactivatable Prodrug accumulates in the mitochondria and shows light-triggered temporally controlled cell death. Mitochondria-Targeted Photoactivatable Prodrug can be used in a novel drug delivery platform that provides on-demand, real-time, organelle-specific drug release and monitoring upon photoactivation.
  • HY-115923
    Nur77 modulator 2

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Nur77 modulator 2, a Nur77 modulator (Kd of 0.35 μM), is a potent and orally active inflammation inhibitor. Nur77 modulator 2 modulates the colocalization of Nur77 at mitochondria.
  • HY-129460
    XJB-5-131

    Reactive Oxygen Species Neurological Disease
    XJB-5-131 is a mitochondria-targeted ROS and electron scavenger. XJB-5-131 is a bi-functional antioxidant that comprises a radical scavenger. XJB-5-131 is a synthetic antioxidant that targets mitochondria. XJB-5-131 is an effective ionizing irradiation protector and mitigator of cord blood mononuclear cells (CB MNCs).
  • HY-134640
    AUTAC4

    AUTACs Mitophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    AUTAC4 is a mitochondria-targeting autophagy-targeting chimera (AUTAC). AUTAC4 downregulates cytosolic proteins and promotes targeted mitochondrial turnover via mitophagy.
  • HY-130278
    MitoPQ

    MitoParaquat

    ROS Cancer
    MitoPQ is a mitochondria-targeted redox cycler. MitoPQ produces superoxide by redox cycling at the flavin site of complex I, selectively increasing superoxide production within mitochondria. MitoPQ can be used in antioxidant study.
  • HY-122534
    Mensacarcin

    Mitochondrial Metabolism ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Cancer
    Mensacarcin, a highly complex polyketide, strongly inhibits cell growth universally in cancer cell lines and potently induces apoptosis in melanoma cells. Mensacarcin targets to mitochondria, affects energy metabolism in mitochondria, and activates caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways. Mensacarcin, an antibiotic, can be used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs).
  • HY-B2246A
    D-Carnitine hydrochloride

    (S)-Carnitine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-Carnitine hydrochloride ((S)-Carnitine Hydrochloride) has been used to study sulfur factor transporter SLC22A4 and carnitine transporter SLC22A5 in ergot. D-Carnitine hydrochloride is also used to get palmitic acid into mitochondria.
  • HY-139381
    MitoEbselen-2 chloride

    MitoPeroxidase 2

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    MitoEbselen-2 chloride (MitoPeroxidase 2), a mitochondria-targeted mimic of glutathione peroxidase, is a radiation mitigator. MitoEbselen-2 chloride is effective in reducing lipid hydroperoxides, preventing apoptotic cell death.
  • HY-113466
    4-Hydroxynonenal

    4-HNE

    Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH) Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is an α,β unsaturated hydroxyalkenal and an oxidative/nitrosative stress biomarker. 4-Hydroxynonenal is a substrate and an inhibitor of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). 4-Hydroxynonenal can modulate a number of signaling processes mainly through forming covalent adducts with nucleophilic functional groups in proteins, nucleic acids, and membrane lipids. 4-Hydroxynonenal plays an important role in cancer through mitochondria.
  • HY-N10365
    6-(1-Hydroxyethyl)-5,6-dihydrochelerythrine

    Others Neurological Disease
    6-(1-Hydroxyethyl)-5,6-dihydrochelerythrine, a alkaloid, significantly perturbates the features of cellular organelles including early endosomes, mitochondria and autophagosomes (Parkinson’s Disease patient-derived olfactory cells).
  • HY-147538
    Antitumor agent-64

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Antitumor agent-64 (Compound 8d) is a diosgenin derivative. Antitumor agent-64 exhibits potent cytotoxic activity against A549 cell line. Antitumor agent-64 induces A549 cells apoptosis via the mitochondria-related pathway.
  • HY-113371
    2-Methylcitric acid

    Methylcitric acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2-Methylcitric acid (Methylcitric acid) is an endogenous metabolite in the 2-methylcitric acid cycle. 2-Methylcitric acid accumulates in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias and acts as a marker metabolite. 2-Methylcitric acid markedly inhibits ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate.
  • HY-134832
    Mito-LND

    Mito-Lonidamine

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Autophagy Cancer
    Mito-LND (Mito-Lonidamine) is an orally active and mitochondria-targeted inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Mito-LND inhibits mitochondrial bioenergetics, stimulates the formation of reactive oxygen species, and induces autophagic cell death in lung cancer cells.
  • HY-B1836
    Mildronate

    Meldonium; MET-88; Quaterin

    Others Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Mildronate (Meldonium) functions as a cardioprotective drug by cpmpetetively inhibiting BBOX1 and OCTN2. Mildronate (Meldonium) exhibits IC50 values of 34-62 μM for human recombinant BBOX and an EC50 of 21 μM for human OCTN2. Mildronate (Meldonium) treatment-induced redirection of long-chain FA metabolism from mitochondria to peroxisomes.
  • HY-Y0445A
    Sodium dichloroacetate

    PDHK Reactive Oxygen Species NKCC Apoptosis Cancer
    Sodium dichloroacetate is a metabolic regulator in cancer cells' mitochondria with anticancer activity. Sodium dichloroacetate inhibits PDHK, resulting in decreased lactic acid in the tumor microenvironment. Sodium dichloroacetate increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and promotes cancer cell apoptosis. Sodium dichloroacetate also works as NKCC inhibitor.
  • HY-113341
    7β-Hydroxycholesterol

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    7β-Hydroxycholesterol is an oxysterol that derived by the oxidation of cholesterol. 7β-hydroxycholesterol is a powerful inducer of oxidative stress, inducing dysfunction of organelles (mitochondria, lysosomes and peroxisomes) that can cause cell death.
  • HY-B0399
    L-Carnitine

    (R)-Carnitine; Levocarnitine

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    L-Carnitine ((R)-Carnitine), a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine hydrochloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-144169
    DHODH-IN-19

    Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    DHODH-IN-19 is a potent inhibitor of DHODH. DHODH is present in the inner membrane of human mitochondria and is an iron-containing flavin-dependent enzyme. DHODH-IN-19 inhibits tumor growth. DHODH-IN-19 has the potential for the research of cancer and inflammation disease (extracted from patent WO2021238881A1, compound 1).
  • HY-144371
    DHODH-IN-20

    Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    DHODH-IN-20 (Compound 133) is a potent inhibitor of DHODH. DHODH is present in the inner membrane of human mitochondria and is an iron-containing flavin-dependent enzyme. DHODH-IN-20 inhibits tumor growth. DHODH-IN-20 has the potential for the research of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • HY-14221
    Siramesine

    Lu 28-179

    Sigma Receptor Cancer
    Siramesine (Lu 28-179) is a potent sigma-2 receptor agonist. Siramesine has a subnanomolar affinity for sigma-2 receptors (IC50=0.12 nM) and exhibits a 140-fold selectivity for sigma-2 receptors over sigma-1 receptors (IC50=17 nM). Siramesine triggers cell death through destabilisation of mitochondria, but not lysosomes. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-14221A
    Siramesine hydrochloride

    Lu 28-179 hydrochloride

    Sigma Receptor Ferroptosis Cancer
    Siramesine (Lu 28-179) hydrochloride is a potent sigma-2 receptor agonist. Siramesine hydrochloride has a subnanomolar affinity for sigma-2 receptors (IC50=0.12 nM) and exhibits a 140-fold selectivity for sigma-2 receptors over sigma-1 receptors (IC50=17 nM). Siramesine hydrochloride triggers cell death through destabilisation of mitochondria, but not lysosomes. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-135897
    Urolithin C

    Calcium Channel Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Urolithin C, a gut-microbial metabolite of Ellagic acid, is a glucose-dependent activator of insulin secretion. Urolithin C is a L-type Ca 2+ channel opener and enhances Ca 2+ influx. Urolithin C induces cell apoptosis through a mitochondria-mediated pathway and also stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation.
  • HY-125944
    MitoTEMPO hydrate

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Others
    Mito-TEMPO is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant that possesses superoxide and alkyl radical scavenging properties. Mito-TEMPO helps protect against oxidative damage to the mitochondria.
  • HY-126124
    AP39

    Others Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    AP39 is a triphenylphosphonium derivatised anethole dithiolethione and mitochondria-targeting hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor. AP39 increases intracellular H2S levels. AP39 exerts cytoprotective effects and maintains mitochondrial DNA integrity under oxidative stress conditions. AP39 protects against myocardial reperfusion injury in mice model and has the potential for Alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-146483
    Anti-Aβ agent 1A

    Amyloid-β Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Anti-Aβ agent 1A (compound M15) has potent activity against amyloid-β. Anti-Aβ agent 1A possesses can significantly inhibit LPS-induced levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, and reduces the apoptosis of SH-SY5Y induced by H2O2 through mitochondria pathway. Anti-Aβ agent 1A possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-Aβ toxicity and neuroprotective activities. Anti-Aβ agent 1A can be used for researching Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
  • HY-D0843
    N-Ethylmaleimide

    NEM

    Cathepsin Deubiquitinase Others
    N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM), a reagent that alkylates free sulfhydryl groups, is a cysteine protease inhibitor. N-ethylmaleimide specific inhibits phosphate transport in mitochondria. N-Ethylmaleimide is also a deubiquitinating enzyme inhibitor.
  • HY-144768
    Chol-TPP

    Others Others
    Chol-TPP, a mitochondria targeting liposome ligand could be used in pH-redox responsive.
  • HY-135869
    Mito-apocynin (C11)

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Neurological Disease
    Mito-apocynin (C11), an orally active mitochondria-targeted triphenylphosphonium (TPP)-based compound, is synthesized by conjugating the Apocynin moiety with a TPP + cation. Mito-apocynin (C11) selectively targets mitochondria, and shows neuroprotective effect. Mito-apocynin (C11) prevents hyposmia and corrects deficits in motor function.
  • HY-112879
    Mito-TEMPO

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology
    Mito-TEMPO is a mitochondria-targeted superoxide dismutase mimetic with superoxide and alkyl radical scavenging properties.
  • HY-D0843S
    N-Ethylmaleimide-d5

    NEM-d5

    Cathepsin Deubiquitinase Others
    N-Ethylmaleimide-d5 (NEM-d5) is the deuterium labeled N-Ethylmaleimide. N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM), a reagent that alkylates free sulfhydryl groups, is a cysteine protease inhibitor. N-ethylmaleimide specific inhibits phosphate transport in mitochondria. N-Ethylmaleimide is also a deubiquitinating enzyme inhibitor.
  • HY-18996
    Adjudin

    AF-2364

    Chloride Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    Adjudin is an extensively studied male contraceptive with a superior mitochondria-inhibitory effect. Adjudin is also a potent Cl - channel blocker.
  • HY-111536
    Mitochonic acid 5

    MA-5

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cardiovascular Disease
    Mitochonic acid 5 binds mitochondria and ameliorates renal tubular and cardiac myocyte damage. Mitochonic acid 5 modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
  • HY-B0399A
    DL-Carnitine

    (±)-Carnitin

    Others Metabolic Disease
    DL-Carnitine is a racemic mixture of L-Carnitine and D-Carnitine, regulates fatty acid transport in mitochondria, elevates serum carnitine fractions.
  • HY-N7056
    4'-Hydroxychalcone

    Proteasome Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    4'-Hydroxychalcone is a chalcone isolated from licorice root, with hepatoprotective activity. 4'-Hydroxychalcone inhibits TNFα-induced NF-κB activation via proteasome inhibition. 4'-Hydroxychalcone induces a rapid potassium release from mitochondrial vesicles and causes deterioration of respiratory control and oxidative phosphorylation of isolated rat liver mitochondria.
  • HY-100410
    FCCP

    Carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    FCCP is an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in mitochondria. FCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-N6998
    Paederosidic acid

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Paederosidic acid is isolated from P. scandens with anticancer and anti‐inflammation activities. Paederosidic acid inhibits lung caner cells via inducing mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-15754
    CGP37157

    Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Cancer Neurological Disease
    CGP37157 is a potent, selective inhibitor of Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger, inhibiting the Na +-induced Ca 2+-release from guinea-pig heart mitochondria, with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-D1116
    MitoMark Red I

    Others Others
    MitoMark Red I is a fluorescent mitochondrial marker. MitoMark Red I is a red fluorescent dye which accumulates in mitochondria in viable cells and has an excitation wavelength of 578 nm and emission of 599 nm.
  • HY-135868
    Mito-apocynin (C2)

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Neurological Disease
    Mito-apocynin (C2), an orally active mitochondria-targeted triphenylphosphonium (TPP)-based compound, is synthesized by conjugating the Apocynin moiety with a TPP + cation. Mito-apocynin (C2) exhibits antineuroinflammatory effect.
  • HY-119979
    Cardanol monoene

    Cardanol C15:1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Cardanol monoene (Cardanol C15:1) is a phenolic compound which can be found in cashew nut shell liquid. Cardanol monoene can induce mitochondria-associated apoptosis in human melanoma cells.
  • HY-N3307
    (+)-Medioresinol

    Bacterial Fungal Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    (+)-Medioresinol is a furofuran type lignan with antifungal, antibacterial and lesishmanicidal activities. (+)-Medioresinol leads to intracellular ROS accumulation and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic cell death in Candida albicans. (+)-Medioresinol can reduce the cardiovascular disease risk.
  • HY-N2135
    Puerarin 6''-O-Xyloside

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Puerarin 6''-O-Xyloside, isolated from radix of Pueraria lobata (Willd.), possesses snti-osteoporotic and anti-tumor activity. Puerarin 6''-O-Xyloside induces the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway..
  • HY-N5106
    (E)-Flavokawain A

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (E)-Flavokawain A, a chalcone extracted from Kava, has anticarcinogenic effect. (E)-Flavokawain A induces apoptosis in bladder cancer cells by involvement of bax protein-dependent and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway and suppresses tumor growth in mice.
  • HY-N6576
    Hellebrigenin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Hellebrigenin, one of bufadienolides belonging to cardioactive steroids, is isolated from traditional Chinese medicine Venenum Bufonis. Hellebrigenin induces DNA damage and cell cycle G2/M arrest. Hellebrigenin triggers mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-N2420
    Flavokawain A

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Flavokawain A, a proming anticarcinogenic agent, is a chalcone from kava extract with anti-tumor activity. Flavokawain A induces cell apoptosis by involvement of Bax protein-dependent and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway. Flavokawain A has the potential for the study of bladder cancer.
  • HY-B0486
    Lonidamine

    AF-1890; Diclondazolic Acid; DICA

    Hexokinase Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Cancer
    Lonidamine (AF-1890), an antitumor agent, is a hexokinase, mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (Ki 2.5 μM in isolated rat liver mitochondria) and plasma membrane monocarboxylate transporters inhibitor, which also inhibits mitochondrial complex II.
  • HY-138203
    Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK is a selective caspase-8 inhibitor. Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK can inhibit cell apoptosis.
  • HY-113466S
    4-Hydroxynonenal-d3

    4-HNE-d3

    Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH) Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    4-Hydroxynonenal-d3 (4-HNE-d3) is the deuterium labeled 4-Hydroxynonenal. 4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is an α,β unsaturated hydroxyalkenal and an oxidative/nitrosative stress biomarker. 4-Hydroxynonenal is a substrate and an inhibitor of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). 4-Hydroxynonenal can modulate a number of signaling processes mainly through forming covalent adducts with nucleophilic functional groups in proteins, nucleic acids, and membrane lipids. 4-Hydroxynonenal plays an important role in cancer through mitochondria.
  • HY-N10272
    Avenaciolide

    Fungal Bacterial Infection
    Avenaciolide is an antifungal bis-γ-lactone found in Aspergillus avenaceus. Avenaciolide has also antibacterial action. Avenaciolide is a specific inhibitor of glutamate transport in rat liver mitochondria. Avenaciolide interferes with the ability of ADP to stimulate the rate of glutamate oxidation.
  • HY-N2993
    Polyporenic acid C

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyporenic acid C is a lanostane-type triterpenoid isolated from P. cocos. Polyporenic acid C induces cell apoptosis through the death receptor-mediated apoptotic pathway without the involvement of the mitochondria. Polyporenic acid C is promising agent for lung cancer therapy.
  • HY-126220
    KMG-301AM

    Others Others
    KMG-301AM is the acetoxy methyl esterified form of KMG-301. Stained with KMG-301AM, Time-course and pseudo-colored images of the change in the fluorescence of KMG-301 in isolated mitochondria can be acquired.
  • HY-W009749
    L-Cystathionine

    Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Cystathionine is a nonprotein thioether and is a key amino acid associated with the metabolic state of sulfur-containing amino acids. L-Cystathionine protects against Homocysteine-induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). L-Cystathionine plays an important role in cardiovascular protection.
  • HY-N0592
    Demethyleneberberine

    NF-κB AMPK Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Demethyleneberberine is a natural mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. Demethyleneberberine alleviates mice colitis and inhibits the inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and regulating the balance of Th cells. Demethyleneberberine could serve as a AMPK activator for treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
  • HY-125776
    Kresoxim-methyl

    BAS 490 F

    Fungal Mitochondrial Metabolism Infection
    Kresoxim-methyl (BAS 490 F), a Strobilurin-based fungicide, inhibits the respiration at the complex III (cytochrome bc1 complex). Kresoxim-methyl binds to complex III from yeast with an apparent Kd of 0.07 μM proving a high affinity for this enzyme.
  • HY-101998
    CTP inhibitor

    Others Metabolic Disease
    CTP inhibitor is a potent and selective CTP inhibitor. CTP inhibitor inhibits the plasma membrane citrate transporter (PMCT).
  • HY-113371A
    2-Methylcitric acid trisodium

    Methylcitric acid trisodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2-Methylcitric acid trisodium (Methylcitric acid trisodium) is an endogenous metabolite in the 2-methylcitric acid cycle. 2-Methylcitric acid trisodium accumulates in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias and acts as a marker metabolite. 2-Methylcitric acid trisodium markedly inhibits ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate.
  • HY-N7627
    Regaloside C

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Regaloside C is a glycerol glucoside isolated from the bulbs of Lilium genus with anti-inflammatory activities. Regaloside C has cardiomyocyte protective activity by protecting the mitochondria in H2O2-induced heart H9C2 cells.
  • HY-133869
    cGMP-HTL

    cGMP-HaloTag-ligand

    Autophagy Cancer
    cGMP-HTL contains a HT-ligand, a linker and the Cys-S-cGMP (autophagy tag). cGMP-HTL increases the K63-linked ubiquitination of mitochondria. AUTAC (autophagy-targeting chimera) is a novel targeted-clearance strategy that contains a degradation tag (guanine derivatives) and a warhead to provide target specificity.
  • HY-B0817
    Pyridaben

    Parasite Infection
    Pyridaben is a METI acaricide that inhibits mitochondrial electron transport at complex I (METI; Ki = 0.36 nmol/mg protein in rat brain mitochondria). Pyridaben is active against a variety of mites, inducing 100% mortality of C. malaccensis, D. farina, and T. putrescentia when administered via filter paper contact at doses of 25, 100, and 200 mg/mL, respectively.
  • HY-131592
    Tricetin

    Apoptosis Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Tricetin is a potent competitive inhibitor of the Keap1-Nrf2 Protein Protein Interaction (PPI). Tricetin protects against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity in Parkinson's disease model by activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and preventing mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway.
  • HY-131442
    Alkyne tyramide

    Others Others
    Alkyne tyramide is a clickable ascorbate peroxidase 2 (APEX2) probe. Alkyne tyramide substantially improves APEX-labeling efficiency in intact yeast cells, as it is more cell wall-permeant than APEX2 substrate biotin-phenol (BP). Alkyne tyramide also facilitates the identification of APEX-labeling sites, allowing the unambiguous assignment of membrane topology of mitochondrial proteins.
  • HY-145707
    BAY-179

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    BAY-179 is a potent, selective, and species cross-reactive complex I inhibitor (IC50=79 µM).
  • HY-W009749B
    DL-Cystathionine dihydrochloride

    Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    DL-Cystathionine dihydrochloride is a racemic melange of the L-Cystathionine dihydrochloride and D-Cystathionine dihydrochloride. L-Cystathionine dihydrochloride is a nonprotein thioether and is a key amino acid associated with the metabolic state of sulfur-containing amino acids. L-Cystathionine dihydrochloride protects against Homocysteine-induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). L-Cystathionine dihydrochloride plays an important role in cardiovascular protection.
  • HY-N0636
    Eriocitrin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Eriocitrin is a flavonoid isolated from lemon, which is a strong antioxidant agent. Eriocitrin could inhibit the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines by arresting cell cycle in S phase through up-regulation of p53, cyclin A, cyclin D3 and CDK6. Eriocitrin triggers apoptosis by activating mitochondria-involved intrinsic signaling pathway.
  • HY-116364
    AZT triphosphate

    3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate

    HIV DNA/RNA Synthesis HBV Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection
    AZT triphosphate (3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate) is a active triphosphate metabolite of Zidovudine (AZT). AZT triphosphate exhibits antiretroviral activity and inhibits replication of HIV. AZT triphosphate also inhibits the DNA polymerase of HBV. AZT triphosphate activates the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
  • HY-128588
    STAT3-IN-3

    STAT Apoptosis Cancer
    STAT3-IN-3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), with anti-proliferative activity. STAT3-IN-3 induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells. STAT3-IN-3 acts as a promising mitochondria-targeting STAT3 inhibitor for cancer research.
  • HY-B1836A
    Mildronate dihydrate

    Meldonium dihydrate; MET-88 dihydrate; Quaterin dihydrate

    Others Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Mildronate dihydrate (Meldonium dihydrate) functions as a cardioprotective drug by cpmpetetively inhibiting BBOX1 and OCTN2. Mildronate (Meldonium) exhibits IC50 values of 34-62 μM for human recombinant BBOX and an EC50 of 21 μM for human OCTN2. Mildronate (Meldonium) treatment-induced redirection of long-chain FA metabolism from mitochondria to peroxisomes.
  • HY-146718
    Tubulin polymerization-IN-9

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Cancer
    Tubulin polymerization-IN-9 is a potent tubulin inhibitor with IC50 of 1.82 μM. Tubulin polymerization-IN-9 causes cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, and induces cell apoptosis and depolarized mitochondria of K562 cells. Tubulin polymerization-IN-9 has potent anti-vascular and antitumor activities.
  • HY-B2246
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride

    (R)-Carnitine hydrochloride; Levocarnitine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride ((R)-Carnitine hydrochloride), a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine hydrochloride functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine hydrochloride is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine hydrochloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-147514
    Anticancer agent 64

    Apoptosis Caspase PARP Bcl-2 Family Cancer
    Anticancer agent 64 (compound 5m) shows cytotoxic activity in CCRF-CEM cells, with IC50 of 2.4 μM. Anticancer agent 64 shows good anticancer activity through apoptosis induction. Anticancer agent 64 induces caspase 3 and 7 activation and PARP cleavage. Anticancer agent 64 induces significant effect of mitochondria depolarization.
  • HY-144778
    IDO1/TDO-IN-1

    Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase (IDO) Apoptosis Bcl-2 Family Cancer
    IDO1/TDO-IN-1 (30) is a potent dual IDO1 (uncompetitive, Ki of 0.23 μM) and TDO (competitive, Ki of 0.73 μM) inhibitor. IDO1/TDO-IN-1 (30) significantly promotes cell apoptosis through the potential mitochondria-mediated Bcl-2/Bax pathway.
  • HY-144368
    CO delivery molecule 1

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    CO delivery molecule 1 (compound 4) localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and lysosomes. Subcellular localization of CO delivery molecule 1 results in CO-induced toxicity effects. Anti-inflammatory effects of CO delivery molecule 1, as measured by TNF-α suppression, occur at the nanomolar level in the absence of CO release, and are enhanced with visible-light-induced CO release.
  • HY-125703
    Ferutinin

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Apoptosis Cancer Infection Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology
    Ferutinin, a natural terpenoid compound, is an estrogen receptor ERα agonist and estrogen ERβ-receptor agonist/antagonist with IC50s of 33.1 nM and 180.5 nM, respectively. Ferutinin acts as an electrogenic Ca 2+-ionophore that increases calcium permeability of lipid bilayer membranes, mitochondria. Ferutinin possesses estrogenic, antitumor, antibacterial and antiinflammatory activities.
  • HY-116364A
    AZT triphosphate TEA

    3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate TEA

    HIV DNA/RNA Synthesis HBV Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection
    AZT triphosphate TFA (3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate TFA) is a active triphosphate metabolite of Zidovudine (AZT). AZT triphosphate TFA exhibits antiretroviral activity and inhibits replication of HIV. AZT triphosphate TFA also inhibits the DNA polymerase of HBV. AZT triphosphate TFA activates the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
  • HY-W008719
    MPP+ iodide

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Neurological Disease
    MPP+ iodide, a toxic metabolite of the neurotoxin MPTP, causes symptom of Parkinson's disease in animal models by selectively destroying dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra. MPP+ iodide is taken up by the dopamine transporter into dopaminergic neurons where it exerts its neurotoxic action on mitochondria by affecting complex I of the respiratory chain. MPP+ iodide is also a high affinity substrate for the serotonin transporter (SERT).
  • HY-N6790
    Nonactin

    Ammonium ionophore I

    Potassium Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Bacterial Influenza Virus Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Nonactin is a naturally occurring macrotetrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces griseus. Nonactin acts as an ionophore for monovalent cations, including K +, and NH4 +. Nonactin is able to uncouple the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mitochondria. Nonactin selectively induces apoptosis in cell lines harboring active mutant β-catenin. Nonactin inhibits the surface expression of endogenous HSP60.
  • HY-131364
    Nur77 modulator 1

    Others Cancer
    Nur77 modulator 1 is a good Nur77 binder (KD = 3.58 μM). Nur77 modulator 1 up-regulates Nur77 expression, mediates sub-cellular localization of Nur77, induces Nur77-dependent ER stress and autophagy, and results in cell apoptosis. Anti-hepatoma activity.
  • HY-113371S
    2-Methylcitric acid-d3

    Methylcitric acid-d3

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2-Methylcitric acid-d3 (Methylcitric acid-d3) is the deuterium labeled 2-Methylcitric acid. 2-Methylcitric acid (Methylcitric acid) is an endogenous metabolite in the 2-methylcitric acid cycle. 2-Methylcitric acid accumulates in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias and acts as a marker metabolite. 2-Methylcitric acid markedly inhibits ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate.
  • HY-N0107
    Cyclovirobuxine D

    Apoptosis Autophagy mTOR Akt Cardiovascular Disease
    Cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D) is the main active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Buxus microphylla. Cyclovirobuxine D induces autophagy and attenuates the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Cyclovirobuxine D inhibits cell proliferation of gastric cancer cells through suppression of cell cycle progression and inducement of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Cyclovirobuxine D is beneficial for heart failure induced by myocardial infarction.
  • HY-B2246S
    L-Carnitine-d9 chloride

    (R)-Carnitine-d9 chloride; Levocarnitine-d9 chloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Carnitine-d9 chloride is the deuterium labeled L-Carnitine chloride. L-Carnitine chloride, a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine chloride functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine chloride is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine chloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-W008719S
    MPP+-d3(iodide)

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Neurological Disease
    MPP+-d3(iodide) is deuterium labeled MPP+ (iodide). MPP+ iodide, a toxic metabolite of the neurotoxin MPTP, causes symptom of Parkinson's disease in animal models by selectively destroying dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra. MPP+ iodide is taken up by the dopamine transporter into dopaminergic neurons where it exerts its neurotoxic action on mitochondria by affecting complex I of the respiratory chain. MPP+ iodide is also a high affinity substrate for the serotonin transporter (SERT).
  • HY-144825
    Chol-CTPP

    Apoptosis ROS Cancer
    Chol-CTPP is a ligand with dual targeting effect on blood-brain barrier (BBB) and glioma cells. Lip-CTPP can be gained by Chol-CTPP and another mitochondria targeting ligand (Chol-TPP). Lip-CTPP is a promising potential carrier to exert the anti-glioma effect of doxorubicin (DOX) and lonidamine (LND) collaboratively. Lip-CTPP elevates the inhibition rate of tumor cell proliferation, migration and invasion, promote apoptosis and necrosis, and interfere with mitochondrial function.
  • HY-145143
    anti-TNBC agent-1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    anti-TNBC agent-1 is a potent anti-triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) agent. anti-TNBC agent-1 exhibits potent activity against different breast cancer cells with IC50 values ranging from 0.20 μM to 0.27 μM. anti-TNBC agent-1 induces apoptosis of SUM-159 cells through mitochondria pathway and causes G1 phase arrest of SUM-159 cells.
  • HY-B0399S
    L-Carnitine-d9

    (R)-Carnitine-d9; Levocarnitine-d9

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    L-Carnitine-d9 (Levocarnitine-d9) is the deuterium labeled L-Carnitine. L-Carnitine (Levocarnitine) is an endogenous molecule involved in fatty acid metabolism, biosynthesized within the human body using amino acids: L-lysine and L-methionine, as substrates. L-Carnitine functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-carnitine can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-117843
    Ppc-1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Interleukin Related Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ppc-1 is a mitochondrial uncoupler. Ppc-1 enhances mitochondrial oxygen consumption without adverse effects on ATP production. Ppc-1 is a cell-permeate interleukin-2 (IL-2) inhibitor. Ppc-1 inhibits the Gram-negative periodontopathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis. Ppc-1 has anti-obesity, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-B0657A
    Clodronic acid disodium salt

    Clodronate disodium salt

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Clodronic acid (Clodronate) disodium salt, a first-generation bisphosphonate, is orally active osteoclastic bone resorption inhibitor. Clodronic acid disodium salt can be used in high bone turnover states, Pagets disease and osteolytic bone metastases.
  • HY-123587
    PR-924

    Proteasome Apoptosis Cancer
    PR-924 is a selective tripeptide epoxyketone immunoproteasome subunit LMP-7 inhibitor with an IC50 of 22 nM. PR-924 covalently modifies proteasomal N-terminal threonine active sites. PR-924 inhibits growth and triggers apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. PR-924 has antitumor activities.
  • HY-147696
    SMTIN-T140

    AMPK ROS Cancer
    SMTIN-T140 (compound 6a) is a potent TRAP1 (tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor associated protein 1) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 1.646 μM. SMTIN-T140 shows anticancer activity. SMTIN-T140 leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, increases mitochondrial ROS production and activates AMPK. SMTIN-T140 potently suppressed tumor growth without any noticeable in vivo toxicity in a mouse model xenografted with PC3 prostate cancer cells.
  • HY-P2048A
    MOTS-c(human) acetate

    AMPK GLUT Metabolic Disease
    MOTS-c(human) acetate is a mitochondrial-derived peptide. MOTS-c(human) acetate induces the accumulation of AMP analog AICAR, increases activation of AMPK and expression of its downstream GLUT4. MOTS-c(human) acetate induces glucose uptake and improves insulin sensitivity. MOTS-c(human) acetate has implications in the regulation of obesity, diabetes, exercise, and longevity.
  • HY-136065
    bpV(phen)

    PTEN Phosphatase Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    bpV(phen), a insulin-mimetic agent, is a potent protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) and PTEN inhibitor with IC50s of 38 nM, 343 nM and 920 nM for PTEN, PTP-β and PTP-1B, respectively. bpV(phen) inhibits proliferation of the protozoan parasite Leishmania in vitro. bpV(phen) strongly induces the secretion of a large number of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and it activates a Th1-type pathway (IL-12, IFNγ). bpV(phen) can also induce cell apoptosis, and has anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-N7676
    Marein

    AMPK HDAC Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Marein has the neuroprotective effect due to a reduction of damage to mitochondria function and activation of the AMPK signal pathway. Marein improves insulin resistance induced by high glucose in HepG2 cells through CaMKK/AMPK/GLUT1 to promote glucose uptake, through IRS/Akt/GSK-3β to increase glycogen synthesis, and through Akt/FoxO1 to decrease gluconeogenesis. Marein is a HDAC inhibitor with an IC50 of 100 µM. Marein has beneficial antioxidative, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic effects.
  • HY-13610
    N1,N11-Diethylnorspermine

    Caspase Cancer
    N1,N11-Diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) is a potent anticancer agent. N1,N11-Diethylnorspermine is a spermine analog that activates polyamine catabolism. N1,N11-Diethylnorspermine induces the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, resulting in activation of caspase 3. N1,N11-Diethylnorspermine kills glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells through induction of SSAT (spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase) coupled with H2O2 production.
  • HY-103661
    BI-6C9

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    BI-6C9 is a highly specific BH3 interacting domain (Bid) inhibitor, which prevents mitochondrial outer membrane potential (MOMP) and mitochondrial fission, and protects the cells from mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) release and caspase-independent cell death in neurons.
  • HY-B0432
    Propafenone

    SA-79

    Sodium Channel Adrenergic Receptor Potassium Channel Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Propafenone (SA-79), a sodium-channel blocker, acts an antiarrhythmic agent. Propafenone also has high affinity for the β receptor (IC50=32 nM). Propafenone blocks the transient outward current (Ito) and the sustained delayed rectifier K current (Isus) with IC50 values of 4.9 μm and 8.6 μm, respectively. Propafenone suppresses esophageal cancer proliferation through inducing mitochondrial dysfunction and induce apoptosis.
  • HY-122818
    bpV(phen) trihydrate

    PTEN Phosphatase Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    bpV(phen) trihydrate, a insulin-mimetic agent, is a potent protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) and PTEN inhibitor with IC50s of 38 nM, 343 nM and 920 nM for PTEN, PTP-β and PTP-1B, respectively. bpV(phen) trihydrate inhibits proliferation of the protozoan parasite Leishmania in vitro. bpV(phen) trihydrate strongly induces the secretion of a large number of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and it activates a Th1-type pathway (IL-12, IFNγ). bpV(phen) trihydrate can also induce cell apoptosis, and has anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activity.