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Targets Recommended: Caspase
Results for "

Caspase

" in MCE Product Catalog:

140

Inhibitors & Agonists

2

Screening Libraries

1

Dye Reagents

1

Biochemical Assay Reagents

11

Peptides

43

Natural
Products

3

Recombinant Proteins

2

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-P1095
    Ivachtin

    Caspase-3 Inhibitor VII

    Caspase Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Ivachtin (Caspase-3 Inhibitor VII; compound 7a) is a nonpeptide, noncompetitive and reversibl caspase-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 23 nM. Ivachtin has modest selectivity for the remaining caspases.
  • HY-P1009
    Z-YVAD-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Z-YVAD-FMK is a cell-permeable caspase-1 and -4 inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities.
  • HY-125018
    QM31

    SVT016426

    Caspase Cancer
    QM31 (SVT016426), a cytoprotective agent, is a selective inhibitor of Apaf-1. QM31 inhibits the formation of the apoptosome (IC50=7.9μM), the caspase activation complex composed by Apaf-1, cytochrome c, dATP and caspase-9. QM31 exerts mitochondrioprotective functions and interferes with the intra-S-phase DNA damage checkpoint.
  • HY-W011303
    Phytosphingosine

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Phytosphingosine is a phospholipid and has anti-cancer activities. Phytosphingosine induces cell apoptosis via caspase 8 activation and Bax translocation in cancer cells.
  • HY-122534
    Mensacarcin

    Mitochondrial Metabolism ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Cancer
    Mensacarcin, a highly complex polyketide, strongly inhibits cell growth universally in cancer cell lines and potently induces apoptosis in melanoma cells. Mensacarcin targets to mitochondria, affects energy metabolism in mitochondria, and activates caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways. Mensacarcin, an antibiotic, can be used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs).
  • HY-111675
    Ac-FLTD-CMK

    Caspase Pyroptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Ac-FLTD-CMK, a gasdermin D (GSDMD)-derived inhibitor, is a specific inflammatory caspases inhibitor. Ac-FLTD-CMK is effective against caspases-1 (IC50 of 46.7 nM), caspases-4 (IC50 of 1.49 μM), caspases-5 (IC50 of 329 nM), and caspases-11 , but not the apoptotic caspases such as caspase-3.
  • HY-13686
    PQ401

    IGF-1R Apoptosis Cancer
    PQ401 is a potent inhibitor of IGF-IR signaling. PQ401 inhibits IGF-I-stimulated IGF-IR autophosphorylation with an IC50 of 12.0 μM in a series of studies in MCF-7 cells. PQ401 is effective at inhibiting IGF-I-stimulated growth of MCF-7 cells (IC50, 6 μM). PQ401 is a potential agent for breast and other IGF-I-sensitive cancers. PQ401 induces caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-N0605
    Ginsenoside Rh2

    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh2; 20(S)-Rh2; Ginsenoside-Rh2

    Caspase Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Ginsenoside Rh2 induces the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-9. Ginsenoside Rh2 induces cancer cell apoptosis in a multi-path manner.
  • HY-19696
    Tauroursodeoxycholate

    Tauroursodeoxycholic acid; TUDCA; UR 906

    ERK Caspase Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cancer
    Tauroursodeoxycholate (Tauroursodeoxycholic acid) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inhibitor. Tauroursodeoxycholate significantly reduces expression of apoptosis molecules, such as caspase-3 and caspase-12. Tauroursodeoxycholate also inhibits ERK.
  • HY-114250
    Cantrixil

    TRX-E-002-1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Cantrixil (TRX-E-002-1), an active enantiomer of TRX-E-002, is a second-generation super-benzopyran (SBP) compound. Cantrixil increases phosphorylated c-Jun levels resulting in caspase-mediated apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Cantrixil has potent pan anti-cancer activity against a broad range of cancer phenotypes.
  • HY-103667
    2-HBA

    Caspase Cancer
    2-HBA is a potent inducer of NAD(P)H:quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) which can also activate caspase-3 and caspase-10.
  • HY-19696A
    Tauroursodeoxycholate sodium

    Tauroursodeoxycholic acid sodium; TUDCA sodium; UR 906 sodium

    ERK Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Tauroursodeoxycholate (Tauroursodeoxycholic acid; TUDCA) sodium is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inhibitor. Tauroursodeoxycholate significantly reduces expression of apoptosis molecules, such as caspase-3 and caspase-12. Tauroursodeoxycholate also inhibits ERK.
  • HY-19696B
    Tauroursodeoxycholate dihydrate

    Tauroursodeoxycholic acid dihydrate; TUDCA dihydrate; UR 906 dihydrate

    ERK Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Tauroursodeoxycholate (Tauroursodeoxycholic acid; TDUCA) dihydrate is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inhibitor. Tauroursodeoxycholate significantly reduces expression of apoptosis molecules, such as caspase-3 and caspase-12. Tauroursodeoxycholate also inhibits ERK.
  • HY-N3376
    Liriodenine

    Spermatheridine; VLT045

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Liriodenine (Spermatheridine; VLT045) is an aporphine alkaloid isolated from the plant Mitrephora sirikitiae and has anti-cancer activities. Liriodenine induces cell apoptosis, activates the intrinsic pathway by induction of caspase-3 and caspase-9.
  • HY-N2557
    Euphorbia Factor L1

    Apoptosis Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Euphorbia Factor L1 is a diterpenoid from Euphorbia lathyris L., reduces the expression of Bcl-2, PI3K, AKT and mTOR protein and mRNA, upregulates cleaved caspase-9 and caspase-3 levels, buts shows no effect on pro-caspase-9 and pro-caspase-3. Euphorbia Factor L1 induces apoptosis, has anticancer, antiadipogenesis, antiosteoclastogenesis and multidrug resistance-modulating effect.
  • HY-15036
    Diclofenac

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-15038
    Diclofenac potassium

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac potassium is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac potassium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-N6861
    Lucidenic acid B

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Lucidenic acid B is a natural compound isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, induces apoptosis of cancer cells, and causes the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and cleavage of PARP. Lucidenic acid B does not affect the cell cycle profile, or the number of necrotic cells.
  • HY-P1001
    Ac-DEVD-CHO

    Caspase Cancer
    Ac-DEVD-CHO is a specific Caspase-3 inhibitor with a Ki value of 230 pM.
  • HY-15036A
    Diclofenac diethylamine

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac diethylamine is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac diethylamine induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-15037
    Diclofenac Sodium

    GP 45840

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac Sodium (GP 45840) is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac Sodium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-13945
    NVP 231

    Apoptosis Cancer
    NVP 231 is a potent, specific, and reversible ceramide kinase (CerK) inhibitor(IC50=12 nM) that competitively inhibits binding of ceramide to CerK. NVP 231 induces cell apoptosis by increasing DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 and caspase-9 cleavage.
  • HY-N1157
    Thevetiaflavone

    Apigenin-5-methyl ether

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase Neurological Disease
    Thevetiaflavone could upregulate the expression of Bcl‑2 and downregulate that of Bax and caspase‑3.
  • HY-P1006
    Ac-DEVD-pNA

    Others Others
    Ac-DEVD-pNA is a colorimetric substrate for caspase-3 (CPP32) and related cysteine proteases.
  • HY-12290A
    Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (TFA)

    RGDS peptide (TFA); Fibronectin tetrapeptide (TFA)

    Integrin Inflammation/Immunology
    Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (TFA) is an integrin binding sequence that inhibits integrin receptor function. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (TFA) directly and specifically bind pro-caspase-8, pro-caspase-9 and pro-caspase-3, while it does not bind pro-caspase-1.
  • HY-N6681
    15-Acetoxyscirpenol

    Caspase Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Infection
    15-acetoxyscirpenol, one of acetoxyscirpenol moiety mycotoxins (ASMs), strongly induces apoptosis and inhibits Jurkat T cell growth in a dose-dependent manner by activating other caspases independent of caspase-3.
  • HY-10396
    Emricasan

    PF 03491390; IDN-6556

    Caspase Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Emricasan (PF 03491390) is an orally active and irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor. Emricasan inhibits Zika virus (ZIKV)-induced increases in caspase-3 activity and protected human cortical neural progenitors.
  • HY-12466
    Z-DEVD-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Z-DEVD-FMK is a specific and irreversible caspase-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 18 μM.
  • HY-12305
    Q-VD-OPh

    QVD-OPH; Quinoline-Val-Asp-Difluorophenoxymethylketone

    Caspase HIV Cancer Infection
    Q-VD-OPh is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor with potent antiapoptotic properties; inhibits caspase 7 with an IC50 of 48 nM and 25-400 nM for other caspases including caspase 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, and 12. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection. Q-VD-OPh is able to cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-W010201
    Citronellol

    (±)-Citronellol; (±)-β-Citronellol

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Citronellol ((±)-Citronellol) is a monoterpene Pelargonium capitatum. Citronellol ((±)-Citronellol) induces necroptosis of cancer cell via up-regulating TNF-α, RIP1/RIP3 activities, down-regulating caspase-3/caspase-8 activities and increasing ROS (reactive oxygen species) accumulation.
  • HY-100894
    Biotin-VAD-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Biotin-VAD-FMK is a cell permeable, irreversible biotin-labeled caspase inhibitor, used to identify active caspases in cell lysates.
  • HY-13205
    Belnacasan

    VX-765

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Belnacasan (VX-765) is an orally bioactive prodrug of VRT-043198, which is a potent and selective inhibitor of IL-converting enzyme (ICE)/caspase-1 with Kis of 0.8 nM and less than 0.6 nM for caspase-1 and caspase-4, respectively. Belnacasan (VX-765) inhibits the release of LPS-induced IL-1β and IL-18 by human PBMCs with an IC50 of ~0.7 μM.
  • HY-114982
    KEA1-97

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    KEA1-97 is a selective Thioredoxin-caspase 3 interaction disruptor (IC50=10 μM). KEA1-97 disrupts the interaction of thioredoxin with caspase 3, activates caspases, and induces apoptosis without affecting thioredoxin activity.
  • HY-W046353
    2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde

    o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde

    Apoptosis Cancer
    2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde (o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde) is a natural compound of Cinnamomum cassia, with antitumor activity. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis by mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) loss, activation of both caspase-3 and caspase-9. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde effectively inhibits platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced HASMC migration.
  • HY-N6037
    Gardenin B

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Gardenin B is a flavonoid isolated from Baccharis scandens. Gardenin B induces cell death in human leukemia cells involves multiple caspases.
  • HY-N2632
    Uvarigrin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Uvarigrin, isolated from the roots of Uvaria calamistrata, induces tumor multidrug resistance cell apoptosis and triggers Caspase-9 activation.
  • HY-N1970
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone

    Keap1-Nrf2 Arenavirus Caspase PARP Neurological Disease
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone, the extract of Cudrania tricuspidata, activates Nrf2/ARE signal and exerts neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. 5,7-Dihydroxychromone inhibits the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells.
  • HY-N0674A
    Dehydrocorydaline chloride

    13-Methylpalmatine chloride

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP p38 MAPK Parasite Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dehydrocorydaline chloride (13-Methylpalmatine chloride) is an alkaloid that regulates protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2; activates caspase-7, caspase-8, and inactivates PARP. Dehydrocorydaline chloride elevates p38 MAPK activation. Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.. Dehydrocorydaline chloride shows strong anti-malarial effects (IC50 =38 nM), and low cytotoxicity (cell viability > 90%) using P. falciparum 3D7 strain.
  • HY-136509
    CIL62

    Others Cancer
    CIL62 is a caspase-3/7-independent cell death inducer. The mechanism of action of CIL62 is Necrostatin-1 dependent cell death.
  • HY-138203
    Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK is a selective caspase-8 inhibitor. Z-LE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK can inhibit cell apoptosis.
  • HY-N4238
    Dehydrocorydaline nitrate

    13-Methylpalmatine nitrate

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP p38 MAPK Parasite Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dehydrocorydaline nitrate (13-Methylpalmatine nitrate) is an alkaloid. Dehydrocorydaline regulates protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2; activates caspase-7, caspase-8, and inactivates PARP. Dehydrocorydaline nitrate elevates p38 MAPK activation. Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.. Dehydrocorydaline nitrate shows strong anti-malarial effects (IC50 =38 nM), and low cytotoxicity (cell viability > 90%) using P. falciparum 3D7 strain.
  • HY-16591
    Birinapant

    TL32711

    IAP Apoptosis HIV Cancer
    Birinapant (TL32711), a bivalent Smac mimetic, is a potent antagonist for XIAP and cIAP1 with Kds of 45 nM and less than 1 nM, respectively. Birinapant (TL32711) induces the autoubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of cIAP1 and cIAP2 in intact cells, which results in formation of a RIPK1: caspase-8 complex, caspase-8 activation, and induction of tumor cell death. Birinapant (TL32711) targets TRAF2-associated cIAPs and abrogates TNF-induced NF-κB activation.
  • HY-N0674
    Dehydrocorydaline

    13-Methylpalmatine

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP p38 MAPK Parasite Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dehydrocorydaline (13-Methylpalmatine) is an alkaloid that regulates protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2; activates caspase-7, caspase-8, and inactivates PARP. Dehydrocorydaline elevates p38 MAPK activation. Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.. Dehydrocorydaline shows strong anti-malarial effects (IC50=38 nM), and low cytotoxicity (cell viability > 90%) using P. falciparum 3D7 strain.
  • HY-P2228
    Chlamydocin

    HDAC Apoptosis Cancer
    Chlamydocin, a fungal metabolite, is a highly potent HDAC inhibitor, with an IC50 of 1.3 nM. Chlamydocin exhibits potent antiproliferative and anticancer activities. Chlamydocin induces apoptosis by activating caspase-3.
  • HY-N2369
    Chelidonine

    Apoptosis Influenza Virus Cancer Infection
    Chelidonine is an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Chelidonium majus L., causes G2/M arrest and induces caspase-dependent and caspase-independent apoptosis, with anticancer and antiviral activity.
  • HY-33350
    Clofilium tosylate

    Potassium Channel Apoptosis Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Clofilium tosylate, a potassium channel blocker, induces apoptosis of human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells via Bcl-2-insensitive activation of caspase-3. Antiarrhythmic agent.
  • HY-18633
    MDK83190

    Apoptosis Cancer
    MDK83190 is a potent apoptosis activator, induces Apaf-1 oligomerization, increases procaspase-9 processing and subsequent caspase-3 activation in a cyto c-dependent Manner.
  • HY-N2490
    Dehydrotrametenolic acid

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Dehydrotrametenolic acid is a sterol isolated from the sclerotium of Poria cocos. Dehydrotrametenolic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-3 pathway. Dehydrotrametenolic acid has anti-tumor activity, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic effects.
  • HY-101297
    Z-IETD-FMK

    Z-IE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Z-IETD-FMK (Z-IE(OMe)TD(OMe)-FMK) is a selective and cell permeable caspase-8 inhibitor. Z-IETD-FMK is also a granzyme B inhibitor.
  • HY-N6777
    Penicillic acid

    Caspase Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Penicillic acid is a polyketide mycotoxin produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium. Penicillic acid exhibits cytotoxicity in rat alveolar macrophages (AM) in vitro. Penicillic acid inhibits Fas ligand-induced apoptosis by blocking self-processing of caspase-8.
  • HY-P1010
    Z-LEHD-FMK

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Z-LEHD-FMK is a selective and irreversible inhibitor of caspase-9, protects against lethal reperfusion injury and attenuates apoptosis. Z-LEHD-FMK exhibits the neuroprotective effect in a rat model of spinal cord trauma.
  • HY-N6690
    Destruxin B

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    Destruxin B, isolated from entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, is one of the cyclodepsipeptides with insecticidal and anticancer activities. Destruxin B induces apoptosis via a Bcl-2 Family-dependent mitochondrial pathway in human nonsmall cell lung cancer cells. Destruxin B significantly activates caspase-3 and reduces tumor cell proliferation through caspase-mediated apoptosis, not only in vitro but also in vivo.
  • HY-P1010A
    Z-LEHD-FMK TFA

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Z-LEHD-FMK TFA is a selective and irreversible inhibitor of caspase-9, protects against lethal reperfusion injury and attenuates apoptosis. Z-LEHD-FMK TFA exhibits the neuroprotective effect in a rat model of spinal cord trauma.
  • HY-B1899A
    Taurodeoxycholic acid sodium hydrate

    Sodium taurodeoxycholate monohydrate

    Caspase Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Taurodeoxycholic acid sodium hydrate (Sodium taurodeoxycholate monohydrate) prevents apoptosis by blocking a calcium-mediated apoptotic pathway as well as caspase-12 activation. Taurodeoxycholic acid sodium hydrate is investigated for use in several conditions such as Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC), insulin resistance, amyloidosis, Cystic Fibrosis, Cholestasis, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
  • HY-129478
    TC11

    Caspase Bcl-2 Family CDK Cancer
    TC11 is a MCL1 degradator and Caspase-9 and CDK1 activator. TC11 structurally relates to immunomodulatory drugs as phenylphthalimide derivative. TC11 induces apoptotic death caused by degradation of MCL1 during prolonged mitotic arrest.
  • HY-N3584
    Paris saponin VII

    Chonglou Saponin VII

    Akt p38 MAPK P-glycoprotein Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Paris saponin VII (Chonglou Saponin VII) is a steroidal saponin isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim. Paris saponin VII-induced apoptosis in K562/ADR cells is associated with Akt/MAPK and the inhibition of P-gp. Paris saponin VII attenuates mitochondrial membrane potential, increases the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as Bax and cytochrome c, and decreases the protein expression levels of Bcl-2, caspase-9, caspase-3, PARP-1, and p-Akt. Paris saponin VII induces a robust autophagy in K562/ADR cells and provides a biochemical basis in the treatment of leukemia.
  • HY-N0551
    Wedelolactone

    Caspase Lipoxygenase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Wedelolactone, a natural product from Ecliptae herba, suppresses LPS-induced caspase-11 expression by directly inhibiting the IKK Complex. Wedelolactone inhibits 5-lipoxygenase (5-Lox) (IC50~2.5 μM) activity by an oxygen radical scavenging mechanism. Wedelolactone induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via downregulation of PKCε without inhibiting Akt. Anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities.
  • HY-12412
    ML132

    NCGC 00185682

    Caspase Cancer
    ML132 (NCGC 00185682) is a potent and selective caspase 1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.316 nM.
  • HY-N0809
    Sesamolin

    p38 MAPK JNK Caspase Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Sesaminol, isolated from Justicia orbiculata, has antioxidative activity, Sesaminol inhibits lipid peroxidation and shows neuroprotection effect. Sesaminol potently inhibits MAPK cascades by preventing phosphorylation of JNK, p38 MAPKs, and caspase-3 but not ERK-MAPK expression.
  • HY-141622
    SDZ 224-015

    Interleukin Related Caspase SARS-CoV Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    SDZ 224-015 is an orally active inhibitor of the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) converting enzyme and caspase-1. SDZ 224-015 possesses anti-COVID-19 activity, targeting M pro (IC50 of 30 nM).
  • HY-B1138
    Fenbufen

    CL-82204

    COX Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Fenbufen (CL-82204) is an orally active non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), with analgetic and antipyretic effects. Fenbufen has potent activity in a variety of animal model, including carageenin edema, UV erythema and adjuvant arthritis. Fenbufen has inhibitory activities against COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 3.9 μM and 8.1 μM, respectively. Fenbufen is a caspases (caspase-1, 3, 4, 5, 9) inhibitor.
  • HY-101019
    Ossirene

    AS101

    Interleukin Related Caspase Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ossirene (AS101), an immunomodulatory tellurium compound, is a potent IL-1β inhibitor. Ossirene abolishes phosphorylation of STAT3 by inhibiting IL-10. Ossirene potently inhibits Caspase-1 and is used for the autoimmune diseases and certain malignancies.
  • HY-139253
    MRIA9

    Salt-inducible Kinase (SIK) PAK Apoptosis Cancer
    MRIA9 is an ATP-competitive, pan Salt-Inducible kinase (SIK) and PAK2/3 inhibitor, with IC50 values of 516 nM, 180 nM and 127 nM for SIK1, SIK2 and SIK3, respectively.
  • HY-124617A
    AMXT-1501 tetrahydrochloride

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    AMXT-1501 tetrahydrochloride is an orally active polyamine transport inhibitor. AMXT1501 blocks tumor growth in immunocompetent mice but not in athymic nude mice lacking T cells. Combination of DFMO and AMXT‐1501 induces caspase‐3 mediated apoptosis in NB cell lines.
  • HY-P0111
    Z-WEHD-FMK

    Caspase Cathepsin Cancer
    Z-WEHD-FMK is a potent, cell-permeable and irreversible caspase-1/5 inhibitor. Z-WEHD-FMK also exhibits a robust inhibitory effect on cathepsin B activity (IC50=6 μM). Z-WEHD-FMK can be used to investigate cells for evidence of apoptosis.
  • HY-117889
    PARP14 inhibitor H10

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    PARP14 inhibitor H10, compound H 10, is a selective inhibitor against PARP14 (IC50=490 nM), over other PARPs (≈24 fold over PARP1). PARP14 inhibitor H10 induces caspase-3/7-mediated cell apoptosis.
  • HY-W041489
    Chelidonic acid

    NF-κB Caspase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Chelidonic acid is a component of Chelidonium majus L., used as a mild analgesic, an antimicrobial, an acentral nervous system sedative. Chelidonic acid also shows anti-inflammatory activity. Chelidonic acid has potential to inhibit IL-6 production by blocking NF-κB and caspase-1. Chelidonic acid is a glutamate decarboxylase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1.2 μM.
  • HY-B1193
    Terfenadine

    (±)-Terfenadine; MDL-991

    Potassium Channel Histamine Receptor Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Terfenadine ((±)-Terfenadine) is a potent open-channel blocker of hERG with an IC50 of 204 nM. Terfenadine, an H1 histamine receptor antagonist, acts as a potent apoptosis inducer in melanoma cells through modulation of Ca 2+ homeostasis. Terfenadine induces ROS-dependent apoptosis, simultaneously activates Caspase-4, -2, -9.
  • HY-114372
    Lycopodine

    Lipoxygenase Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Lycopodine, a pharmacologically important bioactive component derived from Lycopodium clavatumspores, triggers apoptosis by modulating 5-lipoxygenase, and depolarizing mitochondrial membrane potential in refractory prostate cancer cells without modulating p53 activity. Lycopodine inhibits proliferation of HeLa cells through induction of apoptosis via caspase-3 activation.
  • HY-10397
    EP1013

    F1013

    Caspase Metabolic Disease
    EP1013 (F1013) is a broad-spectrum caspase selective inhibitor, used in the research of type 1 diabetes.
  • HY-122611
    CSRM617

    Androgen Receptor Apoptosis Cancer
    CSRM617 is a selective small-molecule inhibitor of the transcription factor ONECUT2 (OC2, a master regulator of androgen receptor) with a Kd of 7.43 uM in SPR assays, binding to OC2-HOX domain directly. CSRM617 induces apoptosis by appearance of cleaved Caspase-3 and PARP. CSRM617 is well tolerated in the prostate cancer mouse model
  • HY-15079
    Talampanel

    GYKI-53773; LY-300164

    iGluR Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Talampanel (LY300164) is an orally and selective α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor antagonis with anti-seizure activity. Talampanel (IVAX) has neuroprotective effects in rodent stroke models. Talampanel attenuates caspase-3 dependent apoptosis in mouse brain.
  • HY-N2013
    Aristolactam I

    Aristololactam; Aristolactam

    Caspase Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Aristololactam I (AL-I), is the main metabolite of aristolochic acid I (AA-I), participates in the processes that lead to renal damage. Aristololactam I (AL-I) directly injures renal proximal tubule cells, the cytotoxic potency of AL-I is higher than that of AA-I and that the cytotoxic effects of these molecules are mediated through the induction of apoptosis in a caspase-3-dependent pathway.
  • HY-N1440
    Koumine

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Koumine is an alkaloid separated from Gelsemium elegans, shows potent anti-tumor activity. Koumine up-regulates the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and caspase-3 expression in human breast cancer cells. Koumine has anxiolytic, antistress, antipsoriatic, and analgesic activities, protects against the development of arthritis in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) animal models.
  • HY-59001
    Sappanchalcone

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Sappanchalcone, a flavonoid isolated from Caesalpinia sappan L., induces caspase-dependent and AIF-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells.
  • HY-107845
    SCR7 pyrazine

    CRISPR/Cas9 DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    SCR7 pyrazine is a DNA ligase IV inhibitor that blocks nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) in a ligase IV-dependent manner. SCR7 pyrazine is also a CRISPR/Cas9 enhancer which increases the efficiency of Cas9-mediated homology-directed repair (HDR). SCR7 pyrazine induces cell apoptosis and has anticancer activity.
  • HY-12742
    SCR7

    DNA/RNA Synthesis CRISPR/Cas9 Apoptosis Cancer
    SCR7 is an unstable form that can be autocyclized into a stable form SCR7 pyrazine. SCR7 pyrazine is a DNA ligase IV inhibitor that blocks nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) in a ligase IV-dependent manner. SCR7 pyrazine is also a CRISPR/Cas9 enhancer which increases the efficiency of Cas9-mediated homology-directed repair (HDR). SCR7 pyrazine induces cell apoptosis and has anticancer activity.
  • HY-B1138S
    Fenbufen-d9

    COX Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Fenbufen-d9 (CL-82204-d9) is the deuterium labeled Fenbufen. Fenbufen (CL-82204) is an orally active non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), with analgetic and antipyretic effects. Fenbufen has potent activity in a variety of animal model, including carageenin edema, UV erythema and adjuvant arthritis. Fenbufen has inhibitory activities against COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 3.9 μM and 8.1 μM, respectively. Fenbufen is a caspases (caspase-1, 3, 4, 5, 9) inhibitor.
  • HY-100932A
    ML-9 Free Base

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 (Free Base) is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 (Free Base) inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 (Free Base) induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-100932
    ML-9

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-N0816
    Polyphyllin VI

    Apoptosis Pyroptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin VI, an active saponin, possess anti-cancer activities. Polyphyllin VI induces G2/M cell cycle arrest and triggers apoptosis. Polyphyllin VI induces caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis via the induction of ROS/NF-κB/NLRP3/GSDMD signal axis in non-small cell lung cancer.
  • HY-B1193S
    Terfenadine-d3

    Potassium Channel Histamine Receptor Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Caspase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Terfenadine-d3 ((±)-Terfenadine-d3) is the deuterium labeled Terfenadine. Terfenadine ((±)-Terfenadine) is a potent open-channel blocker of hERG with an IC50 of 204 nM. Terfenadine, an H1 histamine receptor antagonist, acts as a potent apoptosis inducer in melanoma cells through modulation of Ca 2+ homeostasis. Terfenadine induces ROS-dependent apoptosis, simultaneously activates Caspase-4, -2, -9.
  • HY-10496
    SC75741

    NF-κB Influenza Virus Infection Cancer
    SC75741 is a broad and efficient NF-κB inhibitor with an IC50 of 200 nM for p65. SC75741 blocks influenza viruses (IV) replication. SC75741 impairs DNA binding of the NF-κB subunit p65, resulting in reduced expression of cytokines, chemokines, and pro-apoptotic factors. SC75741 subsequently inhibits caspase activation and blocks caspase-mediated nuclear export of viral ribonucleoproteins.
  • HY-N0265
    Asperosaponin VI

    Caspase Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    Asperosaponin VI, A saponin component from Dipsacus asper wall, induces osteoblast differentiation through BMP‐2/p38 and ERK1/2 pathway. Asperosaponin Ⅵ inhibits apoptosis in hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte by increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio and decreasing active caspase-3 expression, as well as enhancing of p-Akt and p-CREB.
  • HY-16046
    Rimiducid

    AP1903

    FKBP Apoptosis Cancer
    Rimiducid (AP1903) is a dimerizer agent that acts by cross-linking the FKBP domains. Rimiducid (AP1903) dimerizes the Caspase 9 suicide switch and rapidly induces apoptosis.
  • HY-13229
    BOC-D-FMK

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Boc-D-FMK is a cell-permeable, irreversible and broad spectrum caspase inhibitor. Boc-D-FMK inhibits apoptosis stimulated by TNF-α with an IC50 of 39 µM.
  • HY-17473
    Embelin

    Embelic acid; Emberine; NSC 91874

    IAP NF-κB Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Embelin (Embelic acid), a potent, nonpeptidic XIAP inhibitor (IC50=4.1 μM), inhibits cell growth, induces apoptosis, and activates caspase-9 in prostate cancer cells with high levels of XIAP. Embelin blocks NF-kappaB signaling pathway leading to suppression of NF-kappaB-regulated antiapoptotic and metastatic gene products. Embelin also induces autophagic and apoptotic cell death in human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells.
  • HY-101092
    QS-21

    Stimulon

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    QS-21, an immunostimulatory saponin, could be used as a potent vaccine adjuvant. QS-21 stimulates Th2 humoral and Th1 cell-mediated immune responses through action on antigen presenting cells (APCs) and T cells. QS-21 can activate the NLRP3 inflammasome with subsequent release of caspase-1 dependent cytokines, IL-1β and IL-18.
  • HY-N0619
    Mulberroside A

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Tyrosinase Inflammation/Immunology
    Mulberroside A is one of the main bioactive constituent in mulberry (Morus alba L.). Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1, and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38, exhibiting anti-inflammatory antiapoptotic effects. Mulberroside A shows inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase with an IC50 of 53.6 μM.
  • HY-12305A
    (R)-Q-VD-OPh

    (R)-QVD-OPH; (R)-Quinoline-Val-Asp-Difluorophenoxymethylketone

    Others Cancer
    (R)-Q-VD-OPh ((R)-QVD-OPH) is the less active enantiomer of Q-VD-OPha. Q-VD-OPha is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor with potent antiapoptotic properties.
  • HY-131143
    Cadein1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Cadein1, an isoquinolinium derivative, leads to a G2/M delay and caspase-dependent apoptosis in cancer cells with non- functional p53.
  • HY-131904
    POMHEX

    Enolase Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    POMHEX, a racemic mixture and a cell-permeable pivaloyloxymethyl (POM) prodrug of HEX, is a potent, ENO2-specific inhibitor of enolase. POMHEX exhibits low-nanomolar potency against ENO1-deleted cells in vitro and is capable of eradicating ENO1-deleted xenografted tumours in vivo. POMHEX is a potent glycolysis inhibitor.
  • HY-125593
    APG-1387

    IAP Apoptosis Cancer
    APG-1387, a bivalent SMAC mimetic and an IAP antagonist, blocks the activity of IAPs family proteins (XIAP, cIAP-1, cIAP-2, and ML-IAP). APG-1387 induces degradation of cIAP-1 and XIAP proteins, as well as caspase-3 activation and PARP cleavage, which leads to apoptosis. APG-1387 can be used for the research of hepatocellular carcinoma, ovarian cancer, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • HY-14804A
    Tasisulam sodium

    LY 573636 sodium

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Tasisulam is a anticancer agent and induces apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway, resulting in cytochrome c release and caspase-dependent cell death. Tasisulam inhibits mitotic progression and induces vascular normalization.
  • HY-13251
    Silvestrol

    (-)-Silvestrol

    Eukaryotic Initiation Factor (eIF) Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Silvestrol is a eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) inhibitor isolated from the fruits and twigs of Aglaia foveolata. Silvestrol induces autophagy and caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-14804
    Tasisulam

    LY 573636

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Tasisulam is a anticancer agent and induces apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway, resulting in cytochrome c release and caspase-dependent cell death. Tasisulam inhibits mitotic progression and induces vascular normalization.
  • HY-103348
    Boc-Asp(OMe)-fluoromethyl ketone

    Boc-Asp(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Boc-Asp(OME)-Fluoromethyl Ketone is a broad range caspase inhibitor that inhibits Fas-mediated phagocytosis and oxidative rupture inhibition, but does not affect the chemotactic activity of IL-8.
  • HY-10081
    GS-6201

    CVT-6883

    Adenosine Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    GS-6201 (CVT-6883) is a selective adenosine A2B receptor antagonist. GS-6201 displays high affinity and selectivity for the human adenosine A2B receptors (Ki=22 nM). GS-6201 reduces caspase-1 activity in the heart, and attenuates cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the mouse. GS-62013 attenuates the airway reactivity induced by NECA, AMP, or allergen in sensitized mice.
  • HY-N0619A
    cis-Mulberroside A

    Mulberroside D

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Tyrosinase Inflammation/Immunology
    cis-Mulberroside A (Mulberroside D) is the cis-isomer of Mulberroside A. Mulberroside A is one of the main bioactive constituent in mulberry (Morus alba L.). Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1, and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38, exhibiting anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. Mulberroside A shows inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase with an IC50 of 53.6 μM.
  • HY-N0048
    Polyphyllin II

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin II is one of the most significant saponins in Rhizoma Paridis and has toxic effects on kinds of cancer cells. Polyphyllin II induces apoptosis through caspases activation and cell-cycle arrest.
  • HY-103349
    PETCM

    Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    PETCM is an activator of caspase-3 and acts as an cytochrome c (cyto c)-dependent manner. PETCM promotes Apaf-1 oligomerization and induces cell apoptosis in HeLa cells.
  • HY-N6818
    5,​7,​4'-​Trimethoxyflavone

    Apoptosis Caspase PARP Cancer
    5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone is isolated from Kaempferia parviflora (KP) that is a famous medicinal plant from Thailand. 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone induces apoptosis, as evidenced by increments of sub-G1 phase, DNA fragmentation, annexin-V/PI staining, the Bax/Bcl-xL ratio, proteolytic activation of caspase-3, and degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein.5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone is significantly effective at inhibiting proliferation of SNU-16 human gastric cancer cells in a concentration dependent manner.
  • HY-18741
    VR23

    Proteasome Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    VR23 is a small molecule that potently inhibits the activities of trypsin-like proteasomes (IC50=1 nM), chymotrypsin-like proteasomes (IC50=50-100 nM), and caspase-like proteasomes (IC50=3 μM).
  • HY-16658B
    Z-VAD-FMK

    Z-VAD(OH)-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Z-VAD-FMK (Z-VAD(OH)-FMK) is a well-know pan caspase inhibitor, which does not inhibit ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) activity even at concentrations as high as 440 μM.
  • HY-N2342
    Procyanidin C1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Procyanidin C1 is a natural polyphenol, causes DNA damage, cell cycle arrest, and induces apoptosis. Procyanidin C1 decreases the level of Bcl-2, but enhances BAX, caspase 3 and 9 expression in cancer cells.
  • HY-133557
    XZ739

    PROTACs Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Cancer
    XZ739, a CRBN-dependent PROTAC BCL-XL degrader with a DC50 value of 2.5 nM in MOLT-4 cells after 16 h treatment. XZ739 also induces cell death through caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-N2374
    Eupatorin

    Others Cancer
    Eupatorin, a naturally occurring flavone, arrests cells at the G2-M phase of the cell cycle and induces apoptotic cell death involving activation of multiple caspases, mitochondrial release of cytochrome c and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage.
  • HY-100738
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5

    NSC144303

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5 (NSC 144303) is an apoptosome-independent caspase and apoptosis activator with IC50 values of 1.76 and 1.6 μM in E1A and E1A/C9DN cells, respectively.
  • HY-10985
    Marizomib

    Salinosporamide A; NPI-0052

    Proteasome Cancer
    Marizomib (Salinosporamide A) is a second-generation, irreversible, brain-penetrant, pan-proteasome inhibitor. Marizomib inhibits the CT-L (β5), CT-T-laspase-like (C-L, β1) and trypsin-like (T-L, β2) activities of the 20S proteasome (IC50=3.5, 28, and 430 nM, respectively).
  • HY-136268
    AQX-435

    Phosphatase Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    AQX-435 is a potent SHIP1 phosphatase activator. AQX-435 reduces PI3K activation downstream of the B-cell receptor (BCR) and induces apoptosis of malignant B cells, and reduces lymphoma growth.
  • HY-18340
    (R)​-​CR8

    CR8, (R)-Isomer

    CDK Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    (R)​-​CR8 (CR8), a second-generation analog of Roscovitine, is a potent CDK1/2/5/7/9 inhibitor. (R)​-​CR8 inhibits CDK1/cyclin B (IC50=0.09 μM), CDK2/cyclin A (0.072 μM), CDK2/cyclin E (0.041 μM), CDK5/p25 (0.11 μM), CDK7/cyclin H (1.1 μM), CDK9/cyclin T (0.18 μM) and CK1δ/ε (0.4 μM). (R)​-​CR8 induces apoptosis and has neuroprotective effect. (R)-CR8 acts as a molecular glue degrader that depletes cyclin K.
  • HY-18340A
    (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride

    CR8, (R)-Isomer trihydrochloride

    CDK Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    (R)-CR8 (CR8) trihydrochloride, a second-generation analog of Roscovitine, is a potent CDK1/2/5/7/9 inhibitor. (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride inhibits CDK1/cyclin B (IC50=0.09 μM), CDK2/cyclin A (0.072 μM), CDK2/cyclin E (0.041 μM), CDK5/p25 (0.11 μM), CDK7/cyclin H (1.1 μM), CDK9/cyclin T (0.18 μM) and CK1δ/ε (0.4 μM). (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride induces apoptosis and has neuroprotective effect. (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride acts as a molecular glue degrader that depletes cyclin K.
  • HY-N3354
    Lupiwighteone

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Lupiwighteone is an isoflavone present widely in wild-growing plants, with antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer effects. Lupiwighteone induces caspase-dependent and -independent apoptosis on human breast cancer cells via inhibiting PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.
  • HY-N2166
    Tomatine

    α-Tomatine; Lycopersicin; Tomatin

    Proteasome Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Tomatine is a glycoalkaloid, found in the tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Tomatine elicits neurotoxicity in RIP1 kinase and caspase-independent manner. Tomatine promotes the upregulation of nuclear apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) in neuroblastoma cells. Tomatine also inhibits 20S proteasome activity.
  • HY-P1740
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP)

    Integrin Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) acts as an inhibitor of integrin-ligand interactions and plays an important role in cell adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. RGD peptide (GRGDNP) promote apoptosis through activation of conformation changes that enhance pro-caspase-3 activation and autoprocessing.
  • HY-124136
    WYC-209

    RAR/RXR Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    WYC-209, a synthetic retinoid, is a retinoic acid receptor (RAR) agonist. WYC-209 induces apoptosis primarily via the caspase 3 pathway (IC50=0.19 μM for inmalignant murine melanoma TRCs), and has long-term effects with little toxicity.
  • HY-113953
    Z-Asp-CH2-DCB

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Z-Asp-CH2-DCB is an irreversible broad spectrum caspase inhibitor. Z-Asp-CH2-DCB also inhibits proteases with caspase-like activity. Z-D-CH2-DCB blocks the production of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IFN-γ in staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and reduces SEB-1-stimulated T-cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Z-Asp-CH2-DCB prevents SU5416-induced septal cell apoptosis and emphysema development.
  • HY-P1740A
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA)

    Integrin Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA) acts as an inhibitor of integrin-ligand interactions and plays an important role in cell adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA) promote apoptosis through activation of conformation changes that enhance pro-caspase-3 activation and autoprocessing.
  • HY-103696
    PTC-028

    Apoptosis Cancer
    PTC-028 is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of stem cell factor BMI-1 in ovarian cancer. PTC-028 selectively inhibits cancer cells whereas normal cells remain unaffected. PTC-028 downregulates BMI-1, inducing caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-103661
    BI-6C9

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    BI-6C9 is a highly specific BH3 interacting domain (Bid) inhibitor, which prevents mitochondrial outer membrane potential (MOMP) and mitochondrial fission, and protects the cells from mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) release and caspase-independent cell death in neurons.
  • HY-N0745
    Senkyunolide I

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Senkyunolide I, isolated from Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, is an anti-migraine compound. Senkyunolide I protects rat brain against focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by up-regulating p-Erk1/2, Nrf2/HO-1 and inhibiting caspase 3.
  • HY-N6843
    Arnicolide D

    Caspase PI3K Akt mTOR STAT Cancer
    Arnicolide D is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Centipeda minima. Arnicolide D modulates the cell cycle, activates the caspase signaling pathway and inhibits the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and STAT3 signaling pathways. Arnicolide D inhibits Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner.
  • HY-N6801
    Nivalenol

    Caspase Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Nivalenol, classified as type B trichotecenes toxins produced by Fusarium graminearum, is a fungal metabolite present in agricultural product. Nivalenol induces cell death through caspase-dependent mechanisms and via the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Nivalenol affects the immune system, causes emesis, growth retardation, reproductive disorders and has a haematotoxic/myelotoxic effect.
  • HY-135899
    SIRT7 inhibitor 97491

    Sirtuin Apoptosis Cancer
    SIRT7 inhibitor 97491, a potent SIRT7 inhibitor with an IC50 of 325 nM, reduces deacetylase activity of SIRT7 in a dose-dependent manner. SIRT7 inhibitor 97491 prevents tumor progression by increasing p53 stability through acetylation at K373/382. SIRT7 inhibitor 97491 promotes apoptosis through caspase pathway..
  • HY-19676
    Pralnacasan

    VX-740; HMR 3480

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Pralnacasan (VX-740) is a potent, selective, non-peptide and orally active interleukin-1β converting enzyme (ICE, caspase 1) inhibitor with a Ki of 1.4 nM. Pralnacasan inhibits proinflammatory cytokines IL-18, IL-1β , and IFN-γ. Pralnacasan has the potential for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis treatment.
  • HY-16658
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK

    Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Cancer
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK (Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-FMK) is a cell-permeable and irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK is an ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) inhibitor. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK irreversibly modifies UCHL1 by targeting the active site of UCHL1.
  • HY-101597
    NVX-207

    Apoptosis Cancer
    NVX-207, a Betulinic acid-derived anti-cancer compound, shows anti-tumor activity (mean IC50=3.5 μM) against various human and canine cell lines. NVX-207-induced apoptosis is associated with activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway via cleavage of caspases -9, -3, -7 and of PARP.
  • HY-21141
    Cysteine protease inhibitor-2

    Cathepsin Cancer
    Cysteine protease inhibitor-2 is a cysteine protease inhibitor extracted from patent US20070032499A1, compound 12. Cysteine protease inhibitor-2 inhibits the cells growth of DCT116 and PC3 cells with GI50 values of 6.5 μM and 4.4 μM, respectively.
  • HY-117800
    BJE6-106

    B106

    PKC Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    BJE6-106 (B106) is a potent, selective 3 rd generation PKCδ inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.05 μM and targets selectivity over classical PKC isozyme PKCα (IC50=50 μM). BJE6-106 (B106) induces caspase-dependent apoptosis. BJE6-106 (B106) possesses tumor-specific effect.
  • HY-13721
    Phenoxodiol

    Idronoxil; Dehydroequol; Haginin E

    Caspase Apoptosis Topoisomerase Cancer
    Phenoxodiol, a synthetic analog of Genestein, activates the mitochondrial caspase system, inhibits XIAP (an apoptosis inhibitor), and sensitizes the cancer cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis. This agent also inhibits DNA topoisomerase II by stabilizing the cleavable complex. Phenoxodiol induces cell cycle arrest in the G1/S phase of the cell cycle and upregulates p21 WAF1 via a p53 independent manner.
  • HY-107426
    Verrucarin A

    Muconomycin A

    Apoptosis Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Verrucarin A (Muconomycin A), a Type D macrocyclic mycotoxin derived from the pathogen fungus Myrothecium verrucaria, is an inhibitor of protein synthesis. Verrucarin A inhibits growth of leukemia cell lines and activates caspases and apoptosis and inflammatory signaling in macrophages. Verrucarin A effectively increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and diminished the phosphorylation of ERK/Akt. Verrucarin A caused cell cycle deregulation through the induction of p21 and p53.
  • HY-103645
    GW779439X

    Bacterial Aurora Kinase Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    GW779439X is a pyrazolopyridazine identified in an inhibitor of the S. aureus PASTA kinase Stk1. GW779439X potentiates the activity of β-lactam antibiotics against various MRSA and MSSA isolates, some even crossing the breakpoint from resistant to sensitive. GW779439X is an AURKA inhibitor and induces apoptosis by the caspases 3/7 pathway. MRSA:methicillin-resistant S. aureus; MSSA: methicillin-sensitive S. aureus
  • HY-N6979
    Crustecdysone

    20-Hydroxyecdysone

    Caspase Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Crustecdysone (20-Hydroxyecdysone) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone isolated from Cyanotis arachnoides C.B.Clarke which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods, it inhibits caspase activity and induces autophagy via the 20E nuclear receptor complex, EcR-USP. Crustecdysone exhibits regulatory or protective roles in the cardiovascular system. Crustecdysone is an active metabolite of Ecdysone (α-Ecdysone; HY-N0179)
  • HY-108635
    C16-PAF

    PAF (C16)

    p38 MAPK MEK ERK Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    C16-PAF (PAF (C16)), a phospholipid mediator, is a platelet-activating factor and ligand for PAF G-protein-coupled receptor (PAFR). C16-PAF exhibits anti-apoptotic effect and inhibits caspase-dependent death by activating the PAFR. C16-PAF is a potent MAPK and MEK/ERK activator. C16-PAF induces increased vascular permeability.
  • HY-101287
    MPT0B392

    Microtubule/Tubulin JNK Apoptosis Caspase Cancer
    MPT0B392, an orally active quinoline derivative, induces c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, leading to apoptosis. MPT0B392 inhibits tubulin polymerization and triggers induction of the mitotic arrest, followed by mitochondrial membrane potential loss and caspases cleavage by activation of JNK and ultimately leads to apoptosis. MPT0B392 is demonstrated to be a novel microtubule-depolymerizing agent and enhances the cytotoxicity of sirolimus in sirolimus-resistant acute leukemic cells and the multidrug resistant cell line.
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis HIV Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation. Rottlerin inhibits HIV-1 integration and Rabies virus (RABV) infection.
  • HY-18676
    OSU-T315

    Integrin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    OSU-T315 (ILK-IN-1) is a small Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling by dephosphorylation of AKT-Ser473 and other ILK targets (GSK-3β and myosin light chain). OSU-T315 abrogates AKT activation by impeding AKT localization in lipid rafts and triggers caspase-dependent apoptosis in an ILK-independent manner. OSU-T315 causes cell death through apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-108511A
    PB28

    Sigma Receptor Apoptosis SARS-CoV Cancer Infection
    PB28 is a cyclohexylpiperazine derivative and a high affinity and selective sigma 2 (σ2) receptor agonist with a Ki of 0.68 nM. PB28 is also a σ1 antagonist with a Ki of 0.38 nM. PB28 is less affinity for other receptors. PB28 inhibits electrically evoked twitch in guinea pig bladder and ileum with EC50 values of 2.62 μM and 3.96 μM, respectively. PB28 can modulate SARS-CoV-2-human protein-protein interaction. PB28 induces caspase-independent apoptosis and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-108511
    PB28 dihydrochloride

    Sigma Receptor Apoptosis SARS-CoV Cancer Infection
    PB28 dihydrochloride, a cyclohexylpiperazine derivative, is a high affinity and selective sigma 2 (σ2) receptor agonist with a Ki of 0.68 nM. PB28 dihydrochloride is also a σ1 antagonist with a Ki of 0.38 nM. PB28 dihydrochloride is less affinity for other receptors. PB28 dihydrochloride inhibits electrically evoked twitch in guinea pig bladder and ileum with EC50 values of 2.62 μM and 3.96 μM, respectively. PB28 dihydrochloride can modulate SARS-CoV-2-human protein-protein interaction. PB28 dihydrochloride induces caspase-independent apoptosis and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-107738
    Guggulsterone

    Z/E-Guggulsterone

    Apoptosis JNK Akt Caspase FXR Autophagy Cancer
    Guggulsterone is a plant sterol derived from the gum resin of the tree Commiphora wightii. Guggulsterone inhibits the growth of a wide variety of tumor cells and induces apoptosis through down regulation of antiapoptotic gene products (IAP1, xIAP, Bfl-1/A1, Bcl-2, cFLIP and survivin), modulation of cell cycle proteins (cyclin D1 and c-Myc), activation of caspases and JNK, inhibition of Akt. Guggulsterone, a farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonist, decreases CDCA-induced FXR activation with IC50s of 17 and 15 μM for Z- and E-Guggulsterone, respectively.