1. Cytoskeleton
  2. Integrin

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (Synonyms: RGDS peptide)

Cat. No.: HY-12290 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser is an integrin binding sequence that inhibits integrin receptor function, decreases systemic inflammation via inhibition of collagen-triggered activation of leukocytes and attenuates expression of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMP-9.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Custom Peptide Synthesis

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser Chemical Structure

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 91037-65-9

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 60 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 89 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 234 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg   Get quote  
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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser is an integrin binding sequence that inhibits integrin receptor function, decreases systemic inflammation via inhibition of collagen-triggered activation of leukocytes and attenuates expression of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMP-9.

In Vitro

The Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-modified surface causes up-regulation of αvβ3 integrin. Attachment to the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-treated membrane completely abolishes apoptosis induced by staurosporine, the Ca2+·Pi ion pair, and sodium nitroprusside. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-dependent resistance to apoptosis is eliminated, when the activity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is inhibited[1]. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser interacts with survivin, as well as with procaspase-3, -8 and -9. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-peptide binding to survivin is found to be specific, at high affinity (Kd 27.5 μM) and locates at the survivin C-terminus. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-survivin interaction appears to play a key role, since Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser lost its anti-mitogenic effect in survivin-deprived cells with a specific siRNA[4].

In Vivo

Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (2.5 or 5 mg/kg, 1 h before LPS) significantly inhibits LPS-induced MMP-9 activity in BAL fluid 4 h post-LPS. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (1, 2.5 or 5 mg/kg, i.p.) administers 1 h before LPS inhibited LPS-induced increases in TNF-α and MIP-2 levels in BAL fluid at 4 h post-LPS[2]. Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser peptide significantly reduces tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 production, and decreases myeloperoxidase (MPO) and NF-κB activity[3].

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 55 mg/mL (126.90 mM)

H2O : ≥ 25 mg/mL (57.68 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.3072 mL 11.5362 mL 23.0723 mL
5 mM 0.4614 mL 2.3072 mL 4.6145 mL
10 mM 0.2307 mL 1.1536 mL 2.3072 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Cell Assay
[1]

Cell death is measured using the MTT analysis. This assay is based on the ability of mitochondrial dehydrogenases to oxidize thiazolyl blue (MTT), a tetrazolium salt (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenylterazolium bromide), to an insoluble blue formazan product. The cells are incubated with the MTT reagent (120 μg/mL) at 37°C for 2 h. After the supernatant is removed, 400 μL of 0.04mol/LHCl in isopropanol is added to each well, and the optical density of the solution is read at 590 nm in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay plate reader. As the generation of the blue product is proportional to the dehydrogenase activity, a decrease in the absorbance at 590 nm provides a direct measurement of the number of viable cells. To determine the contribution of the PI3K pathway to inhibition of apoptosis, some cell populations are pretreated with 50 μM LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor. Following this pretreatment, cell death is determined as described above.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice pharyngeal aspiration is performed as described. Animals are anesthetized with a mixture of ketamine and xylazine (45 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg, i.p., respectively). Test solution (30 μL) containing LPS (1.5 mg/kg) is placed posterior in the throat and aspirated into the lungs. Control mice are administrated sterile saline (0.9% NaCl). Animals are administered with Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser or RGES peptide (1, 2.5 or 5 mg/kg, i.p.) once one hour before LPS treatment and sacrificed 4 h post-LPS. Animals are also administered Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser or RGES peptide (5 mg/kg, i.p.) once at different time points (1 h before or 2 h after LPS treatment) and sacrificed 24 h post-LPS. In addition, animals are administered with αvβ3-blocking mAbs, anti-αv, or anti-β3 (5 mg/kg, i.p.) once 1 h before and sacrificed 4 h post-LPS. Animals administered with these mAbs 2 h after LPS treatment are sacrificed 24 h post-LPS

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

433.42

Formula

C₁₅H₂₇N₇O₈

CAS No.

91037-65-9

Storage
Powder -80°C 2 years
  -20°C 1 year
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Purity: >98.0%

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Product Name:
Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser
Cat. No.:
HY-12290
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Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser

Cat. No.: HY-12290