1. Natural Products
  2. Disease Research Fields Endogenous metabolite Ketones, Aldehydes, Acids
  3. Metabolic Disease
  4. Tiopronin

Tiopronin 

Cat. No.: HY-B0373 Purity: ≥98.0%
COA Handling Instructions

Tiopronin is a diffusible antioxidant, an antidote to heavy metal poisoning and a radioprotective agent. Tiopronin can control the rate of cystine precipitation and excretion and has the potential for cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis and hepatic disorders.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Tiopronin Chemical Structure

Tiopronin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1953-02-2

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Solid + Solvent
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 33 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 33 In-stock
Solid
500 mg USD 30 In-stock
1 g USD 50 In-stock
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10 g   Get quote  

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Description

Tiopronin is a diffusible antioxidant, an antidote to heavy metal poisoning and a radioprotective agent. Tiopronin can control the rate of cystine precipitation and excretion and has the potential for cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis and hepatic disorders[1][2].

In Vitro

In in vitro Von Hippel-Lindau protein binding assay, the inhibitory effect of Tiopronin (NMPG) on HPH-2 was attenuated by escalating dose of ascorbate but not 2-ketoglutarate, cofactors of the enzyme[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Tiopronin (NMPG) alleviates colonic injury and effectively lowered myeloperoxidase activity. Moreover, NMPG substantially attenuates expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in the inflamed colon. NMPG induces hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in human colon carcinoma cells, leading to elevated secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a target gene product of HIF-1 involved in ulcer healing of gastrointestinal mucosa. NMPG induces HIF-1α occurred by inhibiting HIF prolyl hydroxylase-2 (HPH-2), an enzyme that plays a major role in negatively regulating HIF-1α protein stability[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

163.19

Formula

C5H9NO3S

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=C(O)CNC(C(S)C)=O

Structure Classification
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (612.78 mM)

H2O : 100 mg/mL (612.78 mM; Need ultrasonic)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 6.1278 mL 30.6391 mL 61.2783 mL
5 mM 1.2256 mL 6.1278 mL 12.2557 mL
10 mM 0.6128 mL 3.0639 mL 6.1278 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

    Solubility: 130 mg/mL (796.62 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (15.32 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (15.32 mM); Clear solution

  • 4.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (15.32 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation
References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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Product Name:
Tiopronin
Cat. No.:
HY-B0373
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