1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Apoptosis
  2. HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase
    Apoptosis
    MDM-2/p53
  3. GEM-5

GEM-5 

Cat. No.: HY-146540
Handling Instructions

GEM-5 is a gemcitabine-based conjugate containing a HIF-1α inhibitor (YC-1) (IC50=30 nM). GEM-5 can significantly down-regulate the expression of HIF-1α and up-regulate the expression of tumor suppressor p53. GEM-5 induces the apoptosis of A2780 cells and inhibits tumor growth.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

GEM-5 Chemical Structure

GEM-5 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 2233543-49-0

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Description

GEM-5 is a gemcitabine-based conjugate containing a HIF-1α inhibitor (YC-1) (IC50=30 nM). GEM-5 can significantly down-regulate the expression of HIF-1α and up-regulate the expression of tumor suppressor p53. GEM-5 induces the apoptosis of A2780 cells and inhibits tumor growth[1].

IC50 & Target

IC50: 30 nM (HIF-1α) in A2780[1]

In Vitro

GEM-5 (0-80 μM; 12 hours) exhibits excellent antitumor activity toward A2780 cells under hypoxic condition with IC50 of 0.03 μM[1].
GEM-5 (0.5 μM; 72 hours) rises the apoptotic population to 52.67% under normoxic condition and 80.89% in A2780 cells under hypoxic condition[1].
GEM-5 (0.5 μM; 24 hours) arrests the cell cycle at the S phase (63.02% under normoxia and 72.64% under hypoxia)[1].
GEM-5 (0.1 and 1 μM; 24 hours) decreases the levels of HIF-1α and increases the levels of p53 in a dose dependent manner under hypoxic condition[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Apoptosis Analysis

Cell Line: A2780 cells[1]
Concentration: 0.5 μM
Incubation Time: 72 hours
Result: Rose the apoptotic population to 52.67% under normoxic condition and 80.89% under hypoxic condition.

Cell Cycle Analysis

Cell Line: A2780 cells[1]
Concentration: 0.5 μM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Arrested the cell cycle at the S phase (63.02% under normoxia and 72.64% under hypoxia).

Western Blot Analysis

Cell Line: A2780 cells[1]
Concentration: 0.1 and 1 μM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Decreased the levels of HIF-1α and increased the levels of p53 in a dose dependent manner
In Vivo

GEM-5 (125 or 271 mg/kg; tail vein injection, once a week for 4 weeks) effectively inhibits tumor growth in the A2780 xenograft mouse model and exhibited low toxicity[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: GEM-5 (125 or 271 mg/kg; tail vein injection, once a week for 4 weeks) effectively inhibits tumor growth in the A2780 xenograft mouse model and exhibited low toxicity[1].
Dosage: 125 or 271 mg/kg
Administration: Tail vein injection, once a week for 4 weeks
Result: Effectively inhibited tumor growth in the A2780 xenograft mouse model and exhibited low toxicity.
Molecular Weight

649.60

Formula

C32H29F2N5O8

CAS No.
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Storage

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