1. Neuronal Signaling
    Stem Cell/Wnt
  2. γ-secretase
    Amyloid-β
    Notch
  3. Semagacestat

Semagacestat (Synonyms: LY450139)

Cat. No.: HY-10009 Purity: 98.83%
Handling Instructions

Semagacestat is a γ-secretase inhibitor, inhibits β-amyloid (Aβ42), Aβ38 and Aβ40 with IC50 of 10.9, 12 and 12.1 nM, respectively; also inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Semagacestat Chemical Structure

Semagacestat Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 425386-60-3

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Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 145 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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10 mg USD 180 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 540 In-stock
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100 mg USD 900 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Customer Review

Based on 10 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

    Semagacestat purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: EMBO Mol Med. 2017 Jul;9(7):950-966.

    Turnover of endogenous CD74 P8 is inhibited by RO4929079 and BMS-906024. Cell lysate Western blot of A20 cells treated with GSIs is developed with In-1 antibody. MK-0752 and Semagacestat tests used the same control lane (0 nM).
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Semagacestat is a γ-secretase inhibitor, inhibits β-amyloid (Aβ42), Aβ38 and Aβ40 with IC50 of 10.9, 12 and 12.1 nM, respectively; also inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM.

    IC50 & Target

    IC50: 10.9 nM (Aβ42), 12 nM (Aβ38), 12.1 nM (Aβ40), 14.1 nM (Notch)[1]

    In Vitro

    Semagacestat (LY450139) reduces the secretion of Aβ42, Aβ40, and Aβ38 in 96-well-cultured media and increases β-CTF in cell lysates as expected, although this increase is unexpectedly attenuated at high concentrations[1]. In cortical neurons (CTX), Semagacestat (LY450139) causes a concentration-dependent decrease in Aβ40 secreted into the medium with IC50 value 111 nM for Semagacestat. Semagacestat causes a concentration-dependent decrease in Aβ40 and Aβ42 secreted into the medium with an IC50 value of 126 and 130 nM, respectively[2].

    In Vivo

    Semagacestat (LY450139) is found to decrease both Aβ42 and Aβ40 at 10 mg/kg (22-23% reduction;p<0.01) and increase β-CTF at 0.3-10 mg/kg in a dose-dependent manner (15-162% elevation; p<0.01 at 1-10 mg/kg)[1]. The γ-secretase inhibitor, Semagacestat (LY450139), a highly potent low molecular weight compound, significantly reduces β-amyloid (Aβ) levels in cell cultures permanently over-expressing APP and in both wildtype and transgenic APP-expressing mice. Three hours following p.o. dosing of 30 mg/kg Semagacestat levels of Aβ40 are reduced by 43% (unpaired t-test, p=0.002) in the brains of wildtype C57BL/6 mice compare with vehicle treated controls. Subcutaneous administration of Semagacestat (30 mg/kg) transiently decreases the amounts of Aβ40 in the dialysate with a maximum reduction in Aβ40 levels of 80% at 3 h post-dosing (p<0.001)[2].

    Clinical Trial
    Molecular Weight

    361.44

    Formula

    C₁₉H₂₇N₃O₄

    CAS No.

    425386-60-3

    SMILES

    O=C([[email protected]]1NC([[email protected]@H](NC([[email protected]](C(C)C)O)=O)C)=O)N(CCC2=C1C=CC=C2)C

    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

    Storage
    Powder -20°C 3 years
      4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
      -20°C 1 month
    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (276.67 mM)

    *"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.7667 mL 13.8336 mL 27.6671 mL
    5 mM 0.5533 mL 2.7667 mL 5.5334 mL
    10 mM 0.2767 mL 1.3834 mL 2.7667 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    In Vivo:
    • 1.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

      Solubility: ≥ 3 mg/mL (8.30 mM); Clear solution

    • 2.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 3 mg/mL (8.30 mM); Clear solution

    • 3.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

      Solubility: ≥ 3 mg/mL (8.30 mM); Clear solution

    *All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
    References
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    H4 human glioma cells stably overexpressing human wild-type APP695 are maintained in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and penicillin/streptomycin. Cells are cultured in 96- or 6-well plates overnight, and then treated with each drug (e.g., Semagacestat) at various concentrations for 24 h. Levels of Aβ1-42, Aβ1-40, and Aβ1-38 in the media are measured using separate ELISA kits. To quantify β-CTF, cells are lysed with RIPA buffer (25 mM Tris, 150 mM NaCl, 1% NP-40, 1% sodium deoxycholate, 0.1% SDS; pH 7.6) containing Complete protease inhibitor mixture and applied to a human β-CTF ELISA kit at 1:20 dilution. Aliquots of the cell lysate are also used for CellTiter-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay. The cell lysate from the six-well plate is subjected to Western blot analysis[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [2]

    Murine cortical neurons (CTX) are isolated from day 14 to 16 foetal C57BL/6 mice. Briefly, dissociated neurons are plated on 100 μg/mL poly-L-lysine coated dishes at a density of 0.25×106 cells/cm2 (800000 cells/mL; 100 μL/well, 96-well plate) and cultured in Neurobasal medium supplemented with 2% B-27 supplement without antioxidants, 0.5 mM L-glutamine and 100 U/mL penicillin and 0.1 mg/mL streptomycin. Neurons are fed every third day by replacing half of the medium. The proportion of glia cells in the cultures is less than 10%, as assessed by an antibody against glia-fibrillary acidic protein. CTX are used at 6 days in vitro (DIV) after complete medium change and incubated with secretase inhibitors (e.g., Semagacestat) for 24 h. Neurons and cell medium are used at DIV 7. For detection of cell viability, the percentage of viable cells is quantified by their capacity to reduce MTT following incubation with 0.5 mg/mL MTT for 60 min. Viability is routinely measured after all in vitro pharmacological experiments[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [1]

    Mice[1]
    Female Tg2576 mice expressing human APP695 with the Swedish mutation (K670N/M671L) are used. Male transgenic mice are procured and crossbred with female B6SJLF1/J mice. To identify drug effects on cognitive function, four different experiments are conducted. The objective of Experiment 1 is to elucidate acute and subchronic drug effects on cognitive deficits in Tg2576 mice. Each drug (Semagacestat, BMS-708163, and GSM-2) is orally administered to 5.5-month-old Tg2576 mice for 8 d. Y-maze tests are conducted to evaluate spatial working memory 3 h after administration on days 1 and 8. Vehicle-treated Tg2576 mice demonstrates significantly lower spontaneous alternation rates than WT mice in the Y-maze test, suggesting deficits in spatial working memory. On day 1, 1 mg/kg Semagacestat, 1 mg/kg BMS-708163, and 0.1-0.3 mg/kg GSM-2 significantly ameliorates these cognitive deficits (acute effects). On day 8, however, the GSI effects disappear, whereas GSM-2 retained its significant effects (subchronic effects). Mice are killed immediately after the Y-maze test on day 8, when hippocampal levels of Aβ42, Aβ40, and β-CTF are determined by ELISA.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References
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