1. Epigenetics
    PI3K/Akt/mTOR
  2. AMPK
  3. Buformin

Buformin (Synonyms: 1-Butylbiguanide)

Cat. No.: HY-B2099
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Buformin (1-Butylbiguanide) is a potent and orally active biguanide antidiabetic agent, an AMPK activator. Buformin decreases hepatic gluconeogenesis and lowers blood glucose production in vivo. Buformin also has anti-cancer activities and is applied in cancer study (such as, cervical cancer and breast cancer, et al).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Buformin Chemical Structure

Buformin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 692-13-7

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Description

Buformin (1-Butylbiguanide) is a potent and orally active biguanide antidiabetic agent, an AMPK activator. Buformin decreases hepatic gluconeogenesis and lowers blood glucose production in vivo. Buformin also has anti-cancer activities and is applied in cancer study (such as, cervical cancer and breast cancer, et al)[1].

In Vitro

Buformin (0-10 mM; 5 days) inhibits SKBR3 and BT474 cells growth as a concentration-dependent manner, exhibits IC50 values of 246.7 μM and  98.6 μM for erbB-2-overexpressing SKBR3 and BT474 cells, respectively[1].
Buformin (0-3 mM; 48 hours)  increases the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase and reduced the percentage of cells in S phase, especially in the SKBR3 cells[1].
Buformin (0-3 mM; 24 hours) suppresses RTK activation, including erbB-2 and IGF1R signaling  downstream, and Akt activation/phosphorylation is inhibited in both SKBR3 and BT474 cells[1].

Cell Viability Assay[1]

Cell Line: ErbB-2-overexpressing SKBR3 and BT474 cells
Concentration: 0 μM, 1 μM, 3 μM, 10 μM, 30 μM, 100 μM, 300 μM, 1, 3, or 10 mM
Incubation Time: 5 days
Result: Reduced cell viability in erbB-2-overexpressing breast cells.

Cell Cycle Analysis[1]

Cell Line: ErbB-2-overexpressing SKBR3 and BT474 cells
Concentration: 0.5 mM; 1 mM; 3 mM
Incubation Time: 48 hours
Result: Increased cells arresting in G0/G1 phase.

Western Blot Analysis[1]

Cell Line: ErbB-2-overexpressing SKBR3 and BT474 cells
Concentration: 0 mM, 0.1 mM, 0.3 mM, 1 mM, or 3 mM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Decreased p-AMPK, p-p706S, p-ERK1/2 expression in a concentration-dependent manner.
In Vivo

Buformin (oral administation; 7.6 mmol/kg of chow; 7 days) exhibits significantly reduced tumor volumes and weights, and hinders mammary morphogenesis and proliferation in MMTV-erbB-2 transgenic mice[1]

Animal Model: Female MMTV-erbB-2 transgenic mice[1]
Dosage: 7.6 mmol/kg
Administration: Oral administation; 7 days
Result: Inhibited mammary syngeneic tumor growth in MMTV-erbB-2 transgenic mice.
Molecular Weight

157.22

Formula

C₆H₁₅N₅

CAS No.

692-13-7

SMILES

NC(NC(NCCCC)=N)=N

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Keywords:

Buformin1-ButylbiguanideAMPKAMP-activated protein kinaseantidiabeticagentcervical cancerbreast cancerbiguanide analogType II diabeteSKBR3BT474Inhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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