1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Stem Cell/Wnt
    Cytoskeleton
    TGF-beta/Smad
  2. ROCK
  3. Ripasudil free base

Ripasudil free base (Synonyms: K-115 (free base))

Cat. No.: HY-15685A
Handling Instructions

Ripasudil free base (K-115 free base) is a specific inhibitor of ROCK, with IC50s of 19 and 51 nM for ROCK2 and ROCK1, respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Ripasudil free base Chemical Structure

Ripasudil free base Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 223645-67-8

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Description

Ripasudil free base (K-115 free base) is a specific inhibitor of ROCK, with IC50s of 19 and 51 nM for ROCK2 and ROCK1, respectively.

IC50 & Target[1]

ROCK2

19 nM (IC50)

ROCK1

51 nM (IC50)

CaMKIIa

370 nM (IC50)

PKACa

2.1 μM (IC50)

PKC

27 μM (IC50)

In Vitro

Ripasudil (K-115) is a potent inhibitor of ROCK, with IC50s of 19 and 51 nM for ROCK2 and ROCK1, respectively. Ripasudil also shows less potent inhibitory activities against CaMKIIα, PKACα and PKC, with IC50s of 370 nM, 2.1 μM and 27 μM, respectively[1]. Ripasudil (K-115; 1, 10 μM) induces cytoskeletal changes, including retraction and cell rounding and reduced actin bundles of cultured trabecular meshwork (TM) cells. Ripasudil (5 μM) sifnificantly reduces transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER), and increases FITC-dextran permeability in Schlemm’s canal endothelial (SCE) cell monolayers[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Ripasudil (K-115) reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) in a concentration-dependent manner at concentrations between 0.1% and 0.4% in monkey eyes and 0.0625% to 0.5% in rabbit eyes, respectively[1]. Ripasudil (K-115; 1 mg/kg, p.o. daily) shows a neuroprotective effect on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after nerve crush (NC). Ripasudil also inhibits the oxidative stress induced by axonal injury in mice. Ripasudil suppresses the time-dependent production of ROS in RGCs after NC injury[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

323.39

Formula

C₁₅H₁₈FN₃O₂S

CAS No.

223645-67-8

SMILES

FC1=CN=CC2=C1C(S(N3CCCNC[[email protected]@H]3C)(=O)=O)=CC=C2

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

References
Kinase Assay
[1]

ROCK 1 (0.75 ng/mL) and ROCK 2 (0.5 ng/mL) are incubated with various concentrations of Ripasudil, Y-27632, or HA-1077 at 25°C for 90 min in 50 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.5) containing 100 mM KCl, 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM EGTA, 30 mM Long S6 Kinase Substrate peptide, and 1 mM ATP in a total volume of 40 mL. PKACa, PKC, and CaMKIIa are also incubated with various concentrations of Ripasudil, Y-27632, or HA-1077. PKACa (0.0625 ng/mL) is incubated at 25°C for 30 min in 40 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.5) containing 20 mM MgCl2, 1 mg/ mL BSA, 5 mM Kemptide peptide substrate, and 1 mM ATP in a total volume of 40 mL. PKC (0.025 ng/mL) is incubated at 25°C for 80 min in 20 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.5) containing 20 mM MgCl2, 0.4 mM CaCl2, 0.1 mg/mL BSA, 0.25 mM EGTA, 25 ng/mL phosphatidylserine, 2.5 ng/mL diacylglycerol, 0.0075% Triton-X-100, 25 mM DTT, 10 mM Neurogranin (28-43) peptide substrate, and 1 mM ATP in a total volume of 40 mL. CaMKIIa (0.025 ng/mL) is incubated at 25°C for 90 min in 50 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.5) containing 10 mM MgCl2, 2 mM CaCl2, 0.04 mg/mL BSA, 16 mg/mL purified calmodulin from bovine testis, 500 mM DTT, 50 mM Autocamitide 2, and 1 mM ATP in a total volume of 40 mL. After incubation, 40 mL of KinaseGlo Luminescent Kinase Assay solution is added, and allowed to remain at 25°C for 10 min, and Relative Light Units (RLU) are measured using a luminometer. The RLU without test compound is set as 100% (Control value), and that without enzyme and compound is set as 0% (Normal value). The reaction rate (% of control) is then calculated from the RLU with addition of each concentration of test compounds, and the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) are determined by logistic regression analysis using SAS[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[2]

Trabecular meshwork (TM) cells are plated on 6 well plates at a density of 1 × 104 cells per well in DMEM containing 10% FBS. Following overnight culture, when cells have reached semiconfluence, 1 or 10 μM of Ripasudil, 10 μM of Y-27632, or 10 μM of fasudil are added to culture wells. PBS is used as a control vehicle. After 60 min, drug solutions are removed and replaced with DMEM containing 10% FBS. Cells are observed by phase-contrast microscopy and photographed 60 min after drug application and 2 h after drug removal. For immunohistochemistry, TM cells are plated on gelatin-coated 8 well chamber slides at a density of 1 × 104 cells per well in DMEM containing 10% FBS. After overnight culture, when cells reach semiconfluence, cell are incubated in Ripasudil at 1 or 10 μM, Y-27632 at 10 μM, or fasudil at 10 μM for 60 min. PBS is used as a control vehicle. Drug solutions are removed and replaced with DMEM containing 10% FBS after 2 h. Cells are fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS for 15 min then washed with cytoskeletal buffer (10 mM MES, 150 mM NaCl, 5 mM EGTA, 5 mM MgCl2, 5 mM glucose, pH 6.1) and serum buffer (10% FBS in PBS). Cells are permeabilized with 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 12 min at room temperature and blocked with serum buffer for at least 2 h at 4°C. Filamentous actin (F-actin) is labeled with 0.05 mg/mL Phalloidin-TRITC for 1 h at room temperature. After washing with PBS, cells are mounted with commercial mounting medium containing DAPI and observed using a fluorescence microscope. The exposure to take images for F-actin and DAPI are 0.1 and 0.05 sec, respectively[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1]

Rabbits[1]
In the rabbit experiments, 50 mL of vehicle or Ripasudil at concentrations of 0.0625%, 0.125%, 0.25, or 0.5% is instilled into one eye. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is measured in both eyes before and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 h after instillation. The contralateral eye is not treated. Animals are administered all concentrations of Ripasudil assigned using the Latin square method with intervals of at least 2 d.
Monkeys[1]
In the monkey experiments, 20 mL of Ripasudil at concentrations of 0.1%, 0.2%, or 0.4%, and latanoprost at a concentration of 0.005% are instilled into one eye. IOP is measured in both eyes before and 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 h after instillation. The contralateral eye is not treated. Animals are arranged to receive all formulations with intervals of at least 1 week using the Latin square method. The IOPs are compared with the results for the instillation side at pre-dose and at each time point after instillation of Ripasudil, and are compared with both eyes at each time point.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Keywords:

RipasudilK-115K115K 115ROCKRho-associated protein kinaseRho-associated kinaseRho-kinaseROKInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Ripasudil free base
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