1. Neuronal Signaling
    Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. CaMK
    P2X Receptor
  3. KN-62

KN-62 

Cat. No.: HY-13290 Purity: 99.45%
COA Handling Instructions

KN-62 is a selective and reversible inhibitor of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-II) with a Ki of 0.9 μM for rat brain CaMK-II. KN-62 directly binds to the calmodulin binding site of CaMK-II. KN-62 displays noncompetitive antagonism at P2X7 receptors in HEK293 cells, with an IC50 value of approximately 15 nM.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

KN-62 Chemical Structure

KN-62 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 127191-97-3

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 140 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Customer Review

Based on 8 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

KN-62 is a selective and reversible inhibitor of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-II) with a Ki of 0.9 μM for rat brain CaMK-II. KN-62 directly binds to the calmodulin binding site of CaMK-II. KN-62 displays noncompetitive antagonism at P2X7 receptors in HEK293 cells, with an IC50 value of approximately 15 nM.

IC50 & Target[1][2]

CaMK II

0.9 μM (Ki)

In Vitro

KN-62 potently antagonizes ATP-stimulated Ba2+ influx into fura-2 loaded human lymphocytes with an IC50 of 12.7 nM and complete inhibition of the flux at a concentration of 500 nM[1].
KN-62 does not inhibit the activity of autophosphorylated Ca2+/CaM kinase II. KN-62 inhibits the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent autophosphorylation of both alpha (50 kDa) and beta (60 kDa) subunits of Ca2+/CaM kinase II dose dependently in the presence or absence of exogenous substrate[2].
In human leukemic B lymphocytes, KN-62 reduces the rate of permeability increase to larger permeant cations, like ethidium, induced by Bz-ATP with an IC50 of 13.1 nM[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

KN62 (5 mg/kg/day; ip; three times a week for 6 weeks) significantly reduces the liver metastatic tumor burden in five weeks old BALB/c athymic nude mice inoculated with TAMR-MCF-7 cells[3].
KN-62 (1 μg/site, i.c.v.) prevents the antidepressant-like behavior and antidepressant-like behaviors of ZnCl2 (10 mg/kg, p.o.)[5].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

721.84

Formula

C38H35N5O6S2

CAS No.
SMILES

O=C(N1CCN(C2=CC=CC=C2)CC1)[[email protected]](CC3=CC=C(C=C3)OS(=O)(C4=CC=CC5=C4C=CN=C5)=O)N(C)S(=O)(C6=CC=CC7=C6C=CN=C7)=O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (138.53 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.3853 mL 6.9267 mL 13.8535 mL
5 mM 0.2771 mL 1.3853 mL 2.7707 mL
10 mM 0.1385 mL 0.6927 mL 1.3853 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.46 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.46 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.45%

References
Kinase Assay
[1]

Lymphocytes (1×107/mL) are cultured with [3H]-oleic acid (2-5 μCi/mL, specific activity 10 Ci/mmol) for 20-24 h in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with Gentamicin (40 μg/mL), 10% heat inactivated foetal calf serum (FCS) at 37°C to label membrane phospholipids. Labelled cells are washed twice in HEPES buffered saline followed by a final wash in either HEPES buffered saline or 150 mM KCl medium containing HEPES 10 mM, pH 7.4, bovine serum albumin (BSA) 1 g/L and D-glucose 5 mM and CaCl2 1 mM. Three mL aliquots containing 1.1×10< sup>7/mL lymphocytes are warmed to 37°C and incubated with or without KN-62 or KN-04 (1 nM-500 nM) for 5 min, then 900 mL aliquots are added to 100 uL butanol (final concentration 30 mM) for a further 5 min, and stimulated with 1 mM ATP for 15 min with gentle mixing in the continued presence of inhibitor or diluent. The phospholipase D reaction is terminated by addition of 1 mL of 20 mM MgCl2 followed by centrifugation and addition of 1 mL ice cold methanol. Membrane lipids are extracted into chloroform/HCl at 4°C under N2, and separated by silica gel thin layer chromatography (t.l.c.) with the solvent system, ethyl acetate/iso-octane/acetic acid/water (13:2:3:10, v/v) under saturating conditions. Sample spots are located by autoradiography and [3H]-phosphatidylbutanol ([3H]-PBut) spots identified by an authentic standard. [3H]-PBut and [3H]-phospholipid spots are scraped into scintillant fluid (PPO in toluene, 4 g/L) and counted in a liquid scintillation counter. The quantity of [3H]-PBut is presented as a percentage of total 3H labelled-cellular phospholipids. Phospholipase D assays are performed in triplicate[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[4]

All experiments are performed using adherent HEK293 cells stably transfected with cDNA encoding the human P2X7 receptor. Adherent cells on 12-well polylysine-coated plates are incubated at 37°C in 1 mL physiological salt solution (125 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 1 mM MgCl2, 1.5 mM CaCl2, 25 mM NaHEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM D-glucose, 1 mg/mL BSA). Antagonists(e.g., KN-62) are added from 1,000× stock solutions dissolved in DMSO. Cells are preincubated with antagonists (e.g., KN-62) for 15 min prior to stimulation for 10 min with 3 mM ATP (final concentration). Reactions are terminated by rapid aspiration of the extracellular medium in each well. The adherent cells in each well are then extracted overnight with 1 mL 10% HNO3. K+ content in these nitric acid extracts is assayed by atomic absorbance spectrophotometry. Duplicate or triplicate wells are run for all test conditions in each separate experiment[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[5]

Mice[3]
Female Swiss mice (45-55 days old, weighing 30-45 g) are used. The following drugs are used: ZnCl2 (1 or 10 mg/kg), H-89 (1 μg/site, PKA inhibitor), KN-62 (1 μg/site, CAMKII inhibitor), chelerythrine (1 μg/site, PKC inhibitor), PD98059 (5 μg/site, MAPKK/MEK 1/2 inhibitor), U0126 (5 μg/site, MEK1/2 inhibitor), LY294002 (10 nmol/site, PI3K inhibitor), AR-A014418 (0.001 μg/site, selective GSK-3β inhibitor). ZnCl2 is dissolved in distilled water and administered orally (p.o.). H-89, KN-62, chelerythrine, PD98059, U0126, LY294002, AR-A014418 are dissolved in saline (0.9% NaCl) at a final concentration of 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) route. The drugs are freshly prepared before treatment and administered in a volume of 10 mL/kg body weight (p.o. route) or 5 μL/site (i.c.v. route). Control animals receive the appropriate vehicle.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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