1. Immunology/Inflammation
  2. COX
  3. Tolfenamic Acid

Tolfenamic Acid (Synonyms: GEA 6414)

Cat. No.: HY-B0335 Purity: 99.93%
Handling Instructions

Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agent, selectively inhibits COX-2, with an IC50 of 13.49 μM (3.53 μg/mL) in LPS-treated (COX-2) canine DH82 monocyte/macrophage cells, but shows no effect on COX-1.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Tolfenamic Acid Chemical Structure

Tolfenamic Acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 13710-19-5

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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agent, selectively inhibits COX-2, with an IC50 of 13.49 μM (3.53 μg/mL) in LPS-treated (COX-2) canine DH82 monocyte/macrophage cells, but shows no effect on COX-1.

IC50 & Target

COX-2

13.49 μM (IC50, in cell)

In Vitro

Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent, selectively inhibits COX-2, with an IC50 of 13.49 μM (3.53 μg/mL) in LPS-treated (COX-2) canine DH82 monocyte/macrophage cells, but shows no effect on COX-1[1]. Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) (100 μM) inhibits >70% of cell viability of BE3, OE33, and SKGT5. Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) also acts as a potent Sp protein inhibitor, decreases Sp1 and Sp4 and suppresses c-Met expression in esophageal cancer cells BE3 and SKGT5[2]. Tolfenamic AcidTolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) (50 μM) significantly affects gene expression in L3.6pl cells, and downregulates CENPF, KIF20A, LMNB1, MYB, SKP2, CCNE2, and DDIT3[3].

In Vivo

Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) (50 mg/kg 3 times/wk, p.o.) inhibits tumor formation and tumor incidence in N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA)-induced esophageal tumor model. Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) also causes decreases in tumor multiplicity and tumor volume in rats treated with NMBA[2].

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

261.70

Formula

C₁₄H₁₂ClNO₂

CAS No.

13710-19-5

SMILES

O=C(O)C1=CC=CC=C1NC2=C(C)C(Cl)=CC=C2

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (382.12 mM)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.8212 mL 19.1058 mL 38.2117 mL
5 mM 0.7642 mL 3.8212 mL 7.6423 mL
10 mM 0.3821 mL 1.9106 mL 3.8212 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.55 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[2]

All cells are grown in media (RPMI1640) supplemented with 5% serum and cultured at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere of 95% air and 5% CO2. Twenty four hours after seeding, cells are treated with vehicle (0.1% DMSO) or various concentrations of Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) (25/50/100 μM). Cell viability assays are conducted at 24, 48 and 72 h post-treatment. Cells are treated with 50 μM Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) and the cell pellets are harvested at 48 h post-treatment. These pellets are used to prepare cell lysates that are used in Western blot analyses[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
The Fischer 344 (F-344) rat model of esophageal SCC are initially housed two per cage, but eventually separated to one per cage due to increase in size, and are maintained under standard, humane conditions (20±2°C, 50±10% relative humidity, 12-h light/dark cycles). Food and water are provided ad libitum. Body weights are recorded at the time of each dosing. Two weeks after arrival in the animal facility, the rats are randomLy assigned into 4 groups: C: NMBA (1-5 week); NTA: (NMBA 1-5 week and then Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) 6-25 week); NC: Negative control (vehicle); and TA: Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) negative control. Control (C) and NTA groups are injected s.c. with NMBA (0.5 mg/kg) in 0.2 mL vehicle three times per week for 5 weeks while negative control groups are injected with vehicle alone. NTA and Tolfenamic Acid groups also receive 50 mg/kg Tolfenamic Acid (GEA 6414) by oral gavage from week 6 through week 25. After the 25th week, the animals are sacrificed, esophagi are cut open longitudinally, and surface tumors are mapped and counted. The number and the size of lesions, including polyps are recorded and images captured. Tumor volume is calculated using the formula for a prolate spheroid: length × width × height × p/6[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Keywords:

Tolfenamic AcidGEA 6414GEA6414GEA-6414COXCyclooxygenaseInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Tolfenamic Acid
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