1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. LXR
  3. GW3965 hydrochloride

GW3965 hydrochloride 

Cat. No.: HY-10627A Purity: 99.70%
Handling Instructions

GW3965 hydrochloride is a potent and selective LXR agonist with EC50s of 190 and 30 nM for hLXRα and hLXRβ , respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

GW3965 hydrochloride Chemical Structure

GW3965 hydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 405911-17-3

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Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 98 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 72 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 120 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 468 In-stock
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100 mg USD 804 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

GW3965 hydrochloride is a potent and selective LXR agonist with EC50s of 190 and 30 nM for hLXRα and hLXRβ , respectively.

IC50 & Target

EC50: 190 nM (hLXRα), 30 nM (hLXRβ)[4]

In Vitro

GW3965 hydrochloride promotes GBM cell death in vitro with enhanced efficacy in EGFRvIII-expressing tumor cells. GW3965 hydrochloride up-regulates expression of the cholesterol transporter gene ABCA1 and the E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL and reduces LDLR levels[2]. LXR ligands inhibits platelet aggregation and calcium mobilization stimulated by collagen or CRP. GW3965 hydrochloride (1 or 5 μM) displays a minor inhibitory effect on fibrinogen binding and P-selectin exposure, when platelets are stimulated with 1 μg/mL CRP. But using higher concentrations of GW3965 hydrochloride (10 μM) or T0901317 (40 μM), the levels of fibrinogen and P-selectin on the platelet surface are reduced[3].

In Vivo

GW3965 hydrochloride induces an increase of neuroactive steroids in the spinal cord, the cerebellum and the cerebral cortex of STZ-rats, but not in the CNS of non-pathological animals. GW3965 hydrochloride treatment induces an increase of dihydroprogesterone in the spinal cord of diabetic animals in association with an increase of myelin basic protein expression[1]. GW3965 hydrochloride (40 mg/kg, p.o.) strongly induces ABCA1 expression and reduces LDLR expression, and this is accompanied by 59% inhibition of tumor growth, and a 25-fold increase in GBM cell apoptosis in vivo[2]. GW3965 hydrochloride (2 mg/kg, i.v.) increases bleeding time and modulated platelet thrombus formation in vivo[3].

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 125 mg/mL (202.10 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.6168 mL 8.0839 mL 16.1679 mL
5 mM 0.3234 mL 1.6168 mL 3.2336 mL
10 mM 0.1617 mL 0.8084 mL 1.6168 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Cell Assay
[2]

Cells are seeded in 96 wells and are treated after 24 hours with different drugs indicated in each experiment in medium containing 1% FBS or lipoprotein deficient serum. Relative proliferation is determined using Cell Proliferation Assay Kit. Cells are incubated 1.5 hrs after adding tetrazolium salt WST-1 [2-(4-iodophenyl)-3- (4-nitrophenyl)-5-(2, 4-disulfo-phenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, monosodium salt] at 5% CO2, 37ºC and the absorbance of the treated and untreated cells are measured using a microplate reader at 420 to 480 nm. Cells seeded in 12 well plates are counted using a hemocytometer, and dead cells are assessed using trypan blue exclusion assays.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1]

Diabetes is induced in two-month-old male rats by a single i.p. injection of freshly prepared STZ (65 mg/kg) in 0.09 M citrate buffer, pH 4.8. Control animals are injected with 0.09 mol/L citrate buffer at pH 4.8. Hyperglycemia is confirmed 48 h after streptozotocin injection by measuring tail vein blood glucose levels using a glucometer OneTouch Ultra2. Only animals with mean plasma glucose levels over 300 mg/mL are classified as diabetic. Glycemia is also assessed before treatment with Ro5-4864 or GW3965 hydrochloride and before death. Two months after STZ injection, diabetic animals are treated once a week with Ro5-4864 (3 mg/kg) or GW3965 hydrochloride (50 mg/kg). Thus, they receive four subcutaneous injections in a month. Control diabetic rats receive 200 μL of vehicle (sesame oil). Four-month-old non-diabetic male rats are injected, following the same experimental schedule, with Ro5-4864, GW3965 hydrochloride or vehicle. Rats are killed 24 h after the last treatment.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

618.51

Formula

C₃₃H₃₂Cl₂F₃NO₃

CAS No.

405911-17-3

SMILES

ClC1=C(C(F)(F)F)C=CC=C1CN(CC(C2=CC=CC=C2)C3=CC=CC=C3)CCCOC4=CC(CC(O)=O)=CC=C4.[H]Cl

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Purity: 99.70%

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Product Name:
GW3965 hydrochloride
Cat. No.:
HY-10627A
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GW3965 hydrochloride

Cat. No.: HY-10627A