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Imidacloprid is an effective and widely used neonicotinoid pesticide to control pests of cereals, vegetables, tea and cotton.

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Imidacloprid Chemical Structure

Imidacloprid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 138261-41-3

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Customer Review

Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Imidacloprid:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Imidacloprid is an effective and widely used neonicotinoid pesticide to control pests of cereals, vegetables, tea and cotton.

In Vitro

Insulin stimulated glucose uptake is reduced by imidacloprid in adipocytes (3T3-L1), hepatocytes (HepG2), and myotubes (C2C12) cell culture models. Treatment with imidacloprid reduced phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT), one of the major regulators of insulin signaling, without changing overall AKT expression. imidacloprid reduced phosphorylation of ribosomal S6 kinase (S6K), which is a downstream target of AKT and also a feed-back inhibitor of insulin signaling[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Imidacloprid in high doses causes deterioration in cognitive functions particularly in infant rats, and this deterioration may be associated with changes in the expressions of related genes. Learning activities are diminished significantly at 2 and 8 mg/kg doses in the infant model groups and at 8 mg/kg dose in adult rats. Also, expression levels of GRIN1, SYP and GAP-43 are found to be insignificantly altered[2]. Early developmental exposure to imidacloprid has both early-life and persisting effects on neurobehavioral function in zebrafish. In larvae, developmental imidacloprid exposure at both doses significantly decreased swimming activity. In adolescent and adult fish, developmental exposure to imidacloprid significantly decreased novel tank exploration and increased sensorimotor response to startle stimuli[3]. Decrease in the body weight gain is observed at 20 mg/kg/day and at necropsy the relative body weights of liver, kidney and adrenal is also significantly increased at this dose level. The spontaneous locomotor activity is also decreased at highest dose exposure where as there are no significant changes in hematological and urine parameters. The brain, liver and kidney of rats exposed with high dose of imidacloprid has showed mild pathological changes[4]. Imidacloprid at 20 mg/kg has produced significant changes in SOD, CAT, GPx, GSH, LPO in liver; SOD, CAT, and GPx in brain and LPO in kidney[5]. Imidacloprid at high dose, specifically suppresses cell-mediated immune response as is evident from decreased DTH response and decreased stimulation index of T-lymphocytes to PHA. Prominent histopathological alterations are also observed in spleen and liver. Histopathological analysis of footpad sections of mice reveal dose-related suppression of DTH response[6].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

255.66

Formula

C9H10ClN5O2

CAS No.
Unlabeled CAS

Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=[N+](/N=C1NCCN\1CC2=CC=C(Cl)N=C2)[O-]

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (391.14 mM; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

H2O : 1 mg/mL (3.91 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 80°C)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.9114 mL 19.5572 mL 39.1144 mL
5 mM 0.7823 mL 3.9114 mL 7.8229 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.78 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.78 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation
References
Animal Administration
[4][6]

Rats: Adult females are divided into four groups. One group is served as control and is given corn oil as vehicle through gavage. Three groups are given 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg/day imidacloprid to female rats for 90 days. Body weight, food consumption and clinical signs of toxicity are recorded throughout the period of experiment. Urine is collected at initial and 90 days for urine analysis. Individual animals from each group are weighed weekly and body weight is recorded[4].

Mice: Imidacloprid is administered orally daily at 10, 5, or 2.5mg/kg over 28 days. Specific parameters of humoral and cellular immune response including hemagglutinating antibody (HA) titer to sheep red blood cells (SRBC; T-dependent antigen), delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) response to SRBC, and T-lymphocyte proliferation in response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) are evaluated[6].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
H2O / DMSO 1 mM 3.9114 mL 19.5572 mL 39.1144 mL 97.7861 mL
DMSO 5 mM 0.7823 mL 3.9114 mL 7.8229 mL 19.5572 mL
10 mM 0.3911 mL 1.9557 mL 3.9114 mL 9.7786 mL
15 mM 0.2608 mL 1.3038 mL 2.6076 mL 6.5191 mL
20 mM 0.1956 mL 0.9779 mL 1.9557 mL 4.8893 mL
25 mM 0.1565 mL 0.7823 mL 1.5646 mL 3.9114 mL
30 mM 0.1304 mL 0.6519 mL 1.3038 mL 3.2595 mL
40 mM 0.0978 mL 0.4889 mL 0.9779 mL 2.4447 mL
50 mM 0.0782 mL 0.3911 mL 0.7823 mL 1.9557 mL
60 mM 0.0652 mL 0.3260 mL 0.6519 mL 1.6298 mL
80 mM 0.0489 mL 0.2445 mL 0.4889 mL 1.2223 mL
100 mM 0.0391 mL 0.1956 mL 0.3911 mL 0.9779 mL

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

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Imidacloprid Related Classifications

Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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