1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Cytoskeleton
  2. Microtubule/Tubulin
  3. Combretastatin A-1

Combretastatin A-1 

Cat. No.: HY-121993 Purity: 97.49%
Handling Instructions

Combretastatin A-1 is a microtubule polymerization inhibitor that binds to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin. Combretastatin A-1 inhibits the Wnt/β-catenin pathway through tubulin depolymerization mediated AKT deactivation. Combretastatin A-1 exhibits anti-tumor and anti-vascular effects.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Combretastatin A-1 Chemical Structure

Combretastatin A-1 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 109971-63-3

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 110 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
Solid + Solvent
10 mM * 1 mL
ready for reconstitution
USD 110 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
Solid
5 mg USD 100 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 160 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
25 mg USD 350 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 580 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 1080 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
200 mg   Get quote  
500 mg   Get quote  

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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Combretastatin A-1 is a microtubule polymerization inhibitor that binds to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin. Combretastatin A-1 inhibits the Wnt/β-catenin pathway through tubulin depolymerization mediated AKT deactivation. Combretastatin A-1 exhibits anti-tumor and anti-vascular effects[1][2][3].

IC50 & Target

Microtubule/Tubulin[1]

In Vitro

Combretastatin A-1 (72 h) inhibits the growth of various tumor cell lines in vitro, including HepG2, SMMC-7721, Hepa 1-6, LM-3, Bel-7402, Huh7, BGC-803, MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, A375, NCI-1975, CT-26, HT-29, A549 cells (IC50=9.2, 12.8, 32.9, 33.8, 38.4, 728.2, 12.2, 17.6, 46.0, 61.0, 256.3, 1075.0, 2082.0, 2247.0 nM, respectively)[2].
Combretastatin A-1 (1-10 nM; 24 h) induces apoptosis by microtubule depolymerization-induced AKT inactivation and the removal of GSK-3β inhibition in HepG2 cells[2].
Combretastatin A-1 (1-50 nM; 6 h) decreases the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of HepG2 cells. Combretastatin A-1 shows dose-dependently ROS accumulation in HepG2 cells[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Western Blot Analysis[2]

Cell Line: HepG2 cells
Concentration: 1, 5, 10 nM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Significantly decreased Mcl-1 expression, but the Bcl-2 level was unchanged.
Reduced p-GSK 3β (Ser9) without altering total GSK-3β protein levels, indicating an activation of GSK-3β.
Reduced AKT phosphorylation on Ser473 without an obvious change in the total AKT protein levels.
In Vivo

Combretastatin A-1 (1-4 mg/kg; i.v. every other day for 4 weeks) significantly reduces the tumor volume in HepG2 subcutaneous xenograft model[2].
Combretastatin A-1 (2 mg/kg; every other day for 21 days) shows enhanced apoptosis in orthotopic hepatocellular carcinoma mouse model[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male athymic BALB/c nu/nu mice (16-18 g; 4-6 weeks old) were inoculated with HepG2 cells[2]
Dosage: 1, 2, 4 mg/kg
Administration: I.v. every other day for 4 weeks
Result: Resulted in a significant tumor volume reduction at the dose of 2 mg/kg or 4 mg/kg.
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

332.35

Formula

C18H20O6

CAS No.
SMILES

COC1=CC=C(/C=C\C2=CC(OC)=C(C(OC)=C2)OC)C(O)=C1O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (300.89 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.0089 mL 15.0444 mL 30.0888 mL
5 mM 0.6018 mL 3.0089 mL 6.0178 mL
10 mM 0.3009 mL 1.5044 mL 3.0089 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.26 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.26 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.26 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
References
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Product Name:
Combretastatin A-1
Cat. No.:
HY-121993
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