1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. DNA/RNA Synthesis
  3. CRT0044876

CRT0044876 

Cat. No.: HY-W014622
Handling Instructions

CRT0044876 is a potent and selective apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) inhibitor (IC50=~3 μM). CRT0044876 inhibits the AP endonuclease, 3′-phosphodiesterase and 3′-phosphatase activities of APE1, and is a specific inhibitor of the exonuclease III family of enzymes to which APE1 belongs. CRT0044876 potentiates the cytotoxicity of several DNA base-targeting compounds.

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CRT0044876 Chemical Structure

CRT0044876 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 6960-45-8

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Description

CRT0044876 is a potent and selective apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) inhibitor (IC50=~3 μM). CRT0044876 inhibits the AP endonuclease, 3′-phosphodiesterase and 3′-phosphatase activities of APE1, and is a specific inhibitor of the exonuclease III family of enzymes to which APE1 belongs. CRT0044876 potentiates the cytotoxicity of several DNA base-targeting compounds[1].

In Vitro

A key step in BER is the processing of an apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site intermediate by an AP endonuclease. CRT0044876 has an IC50 for inhibition of APE1 of ∼3 μM and not only inhibits AP site cleavage catalyzed by purified APE1, but also cleavage directed by APE1 in a HeLa whole cell extract. CRT0044876 inhibits the 3′-phosphoglycolate diesterase activity of APE1 with an IC50 of ∼5 μM[1].
CRT0044876 inhibits both the exonuclease and AP endonuclease activities of exonuclease III, but shows no inhibitory activity towards endonuclease IV. CRT0044876 has minimal effects on BamHI restriction endonuclease or topoisomerase I even at CRT0044876 concentrations of 100 μM[1].
At non-toxic concentrations, CRT0044876 potentiates the cytotoxicity of several DNA damaging agents, which generate damage that is repaired in the BER pathway, including some currently-used anticancer drugs. The combination of MMS and CRT0044876 leads to a synergistic increase in the level of AP sites. Consistent with CRT0044876 being a specific BER inhibitor, a strong potentiation of hmdUrd cytotoxicity is seen in CRT0044876-treated cells (HT1080 cells)[1].

Molecular Weight

206.15

Formula

C₉H₆N₂O₄

CAS No.

6960-45-8

SMILES

O=C(C(N1)=CC2=C1C([N+]([O-])=O)=CC=C2)O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
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Keywords:

CRT0044876CRT 0044876CRT-0044876DNA/RNA SynthesisAPendonucleasenon-toxicbaseexcisionrepairexonucleaseDNAInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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CRT0044876
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