1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Phosphodiesterase (PDE)
  3. GSK356278

GSK356278 is a potent, selective, orally bioavailable and brain-penetrant inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), with pIC50s of 8.6, 8.8, and 8.7 for human PDE4A, PDE4B, and PDE4D, respectively. GSK356278 has anti-inflammatory activity, and exhibits anxiolytic and cognition-enhancing effects.

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GSK356278 Chemical Structure

GSK356278 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 720704-34-7

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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

GSK356278 is a potent, selective, orally bioavailable and brain-penetrant inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), with pIC50s of 8.6, 8.8, and 8.7 for human PDE4A, PDE4B, and PDE4D, respectively. GSK356278 has anti-inflammatory activity, and exhibits anxiolytic and cognition-enhancing effects[1].

IC50 & Target[1]

PDE4A

8.6 (pIC50)

PDE4B

8.8 (pIC50)

PDE4D

8.7 (pIC50)

In Vitro

GSK356278 competes with [3H]rolipram for the high affinity rolipram binding site (HARBS) with a pKi of 8.6 in a competitive filtration-binding assay to the recombinant human PDE4B2B enzyme expressed in yeast membranes[1].
GSK356278 bounds to the HARBS in rats, mice, marmosets, and ferrets with pKis of 7.9, 7.8, 8.4, and 8.5, respectively[1].
GSK356278 inhibits LPS-induced release of TNF-α in human whole blood, with a pIC50 of 7.6[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

GSK356278 (0.003-30 mg/kg; p.o.) shows anti-inflammatory activity in rodents at exposures that does not induce pica feeding[1].
GSK356278 (0.1-0.1 mg/kg; p.o.) demonstrates efficacy in a nonhuman primate model of anxiety at exposures that do not induce emesis[1].
GSK356278 (4 doses at 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 mg/kg for 6 weeks; p.o.) enhances performance in a nonhuman primate object retrieval test[1]. GSK356278 exhibits oral bioavailability (rat 91%, monkey 23%) and Cmax (rat 205, monkey 41 nM) following oral administration (rat 1, monkey 0.2 mg/kg)[1].
GSK356278 exhibits terminal elimination half-lives (rat 2.2, monkey 1.5 h) due to moderate blood clearance (rat 40, monkey 16 mL/min/kg) combined with volumes of distribution (rat 6.3, monkey 2.1 L/kg) following intravenous administration (rat 1, monkey 0.2 mg/kg)[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Lewis rats (320-400 g) are treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)[1]
Dosage: 0.003-3 mg/kg
Administration: P.o. administration 30 minutes prior to the LPS challenge
Result: Reduced the level of neutrophilia in a dose-dependent manner, with an ED50 of 0.09 mg/kg.
Animal Model: Male CD rats[1]
Dosage: 1 mg/kg (Pharmacokinetic Analysis)
Administration: I.v. and p.o. administration
Result: Oral bioavailability (91%), Cmax (205 nM), T1/2 (2.2 h).
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

439.53

Formula

C21H25N7O2S

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

CCN1C2=NC=C(C3=NN=C(CC4=C(C)N=C(C)S4)O3)C(NC5CCOCC5)=C2C=N1

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

-20°C, stored under nitrogen

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (stored under nitrogen)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 2.5 mg/mL (5.69 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.2752 mL 11.3758 mL 22.7516 mL
5 mM 0.4550 mL 2.2752 mL 4.5503 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (stored under nitrogen). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
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Concentration
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Volume
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Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

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Volume (start)

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C2

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V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (2.84 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (12.5 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (2.84 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (12.5 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (stored under nitrogen)

The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.82%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (stored under nitrogen). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 2.2752 mL 11.3758 mL 22.7516 mL 56.8789 mL
5 mM 0.4550 mL 2.2752 mL 4.5503 mL 11.3758 mL
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GSK356278 Related Classifications

Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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GSK356278
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