1. Dye Reagents
  2. D-Luciferin sodium salt

D-Luciferin sodium salt (Synonyms: D-(-)-Luciferin sodium salt; Firefly luciferin sodium salt)

Cat. No.: HY-12591 Purity: 99.91%
Handling Instructions

D-Luciferin sodium salt is the substrate of luciferases that catalyze the production of light in bioluminescent insects.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

D-Luciferin sodium salt Chemical Structure

D-Luciferin sodium salt Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 103404-75-7

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 55 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 50 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 90 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg   Get quote  
200 mg   Get quote  

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

Customer Review

Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of D-Luciferin sodium salt:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

Publications Citing Use of MCE D-Luciferin sodium salt

  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review


D-Luciferin sodium salt is the substrate of luciferases that catalyze the production of light in bioluminescent insects.

In Vitro

D-luciferin is the natural substrate of the enzyme luciferase (Luc), that catalyzes the production of the typical yellowgreen light of fireflies.The present review covers the synthesis of D-luciferin and derivatives or analogues that are substrates or inhibitors of the luciferase from the American firefly Photinus pyralis, the enzyme more frequently used in techniques of in vitro and optical imaging[1].

In Vivo

Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) using the firefly luciferase (Fluc) as a reporter gene and D-luciferin as a substrate is currently the most widely employed technique. The total signal intensity is plotted against the time after D-luciferin injection to generate a time-intensity curve. In addition to the peak signal, the signals at fixed time points (5, 10, 15, and 20 min) after D-luciferin injection are determined as alternatives to the peak signal. The signal in a given time-intensity curve is normalized for the peak signal in the curve to represent the pattern of temporal changes after D-luciferin injection[2].

Molecular Weight







O=C([[email protected]@H]1N=C(C2=NC3=CC=C(O)C=C3S2)SC1)[O-].[Na+]


Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere


4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (330.80 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 33.33 mg/mL (110.25 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.3080 mL 16.5399 mL 33.0797 mL
5 mM 0.6616 mL 3.3080 mL 6.6159 mL
10 mM 0.3308 mL 1.6540 mL 3.3080 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.27 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.27 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
Animal Administration

In vivo BLI is performed using a cooled charge-coupled device camera system (IVIS Imaging System 100) 3, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 19, 21, 24, and 28 days after the inoculation of HCT116-Luc cells. Mice are injected with 75 mg/kg D-luciferin in 100 μL of phosphate-buffered saline subcutaneously near the scapula and were placed in the light-tight chamber of the imaging system under isoflurane anesthesia. Beginning 5 min after injection, dorsal luminescent images with an exposure time of 1 s are acquired sequentially at a rate of one image per min until 20 min after D-luciferin injection. Data acquisition is continued until 40 min postinjection on days 3 or 5 and until 25 min on day 7, because of the prolonged time course of light emission. Binning is 4 and the field of view is 15 cm.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.


Purity: 99.91%

  • No file chosen (Maximum size is: 1024 Kb)
  • If you have published this work, please enter the PubMed ID.
  • Your name will appear on the site.
  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
= × ×

The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

Inquiry Online

Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

Product name



Applicant name *


Email address *

Phone number *


Organization name *

Country or Region *


Requested quantity *


Bulk Inquiry

Inquiry Information

Product Name:
D-Luciferin sodium salt
Cat. No.: