1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Apoptosis
    Autophagy
  2. Phosphatase
    Apoptosis
    Autophagy
  3. Salubrinal

Salubrinal 

Cat. No.: HY-15486 Purity: 99.58%
Handling Instructions

Salubrinal is a cell-permeable and selective inhibitor of eIF2α dephosphorylation. Salubrinal acts as a dual-specificity phosphatase 2 (Dusp2) inhibitor and suppresses inflammation in anti-collagen antibody-induced arthritis.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Salubrinal Chemical Structure

Salubrinal Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 405060-95-9

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 95 In-stock
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100 mg USD 720 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Salubrinal is a cell-permeable and selective inhibitor of eIF2α dephosphorylation[1]. Salubrinal acts as a dual-specificity phosphatase 2 (Dusp2) inhibitor and suppresses inflammation in anti-collagen antibody-induced arthritis[2].

IC50 & Target

IC50: 1.7 µM (PP1)[1]

In Vitro

Salubrinal, a recently identified PP1 inhibitor capable to protect against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in various model systems, strongly synergized with proteasome inhibitors to augment apoptotic death of different leukemic cell lines. Salubrinal preferentially seems to target the PP1/GADD34 complex, Salubrinal is of interest to examine whether the effect of Salubrinal could also be recapitulated by another inhibitor of this phosphatase. For this purpose cantharidin, wis selected, which is less toxic than okadaic acid, but which also blocks PP1 (IC50=1.7 µM) activities[1].

In Vivo

Salubrinal is a synthetic chemical that inhibits de-phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α). Salubrinal significantly suppresses inflammation of the paws of CAIA mice. For instance, the clinical scores are 1.94±1.7 (placebo) and 0.31±0.6 (Salubrinal) on day 6; and 4.63±3.4 (placebo) and 1.09±1.6 (Salubrinal) on day 12. Consistent with the clinical scores, the thickening of the paws is also reduced in the Salubrinal-treated group. Furthermore, Salubrinal reduces the histological scores from 1.47±1.10 (N=16; placebo) to 0.59±0.64 (N=16; Salubrinal) (p=0.01)[2].

Molecular Weight

479.81

Formula

C₂₁H₁₇Cl₃N₄OS

CAS No.

405060-95-9

SMILES

O=C(NC(NC(NC1=CC=CC2=C1N=CC=C2)=S)C(Cl)(Cl)Cl)/C=C/C3=CC=CC=C3

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (104.21 mM)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.0842 mL 10.4208 mL 20.8416 mL
5 mM 0.4168 mL 2.0842 mL 4.1683 mL
10 mM 0.2084 mL 1.0421 mL 2.0842 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.21 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: 2.5 mg/mL (5.21 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.21 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Kinase Assay
[1]

Phosphatase activities are determined on immunoprecipitates of the phosphatases. Briefly, 2×106 K562 cells are treated for 18 hr with Salubrinal (20 µM), PSI (10 nM), the combination of both drugs or okadaic acid (100 nM). After washing with PBS, cells are lysed for 15 min on ice either in PP1LB (for determination of PP1γ-activity; 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 1% Triton X-100, 10% glycerol, 132 mM NaCl, Roche complete protease inhibitor ) or in RIPA (for PP2A), supplemented with Roche complete protease inhibitor). Cell lysates containing 500 µg (PP1γ) or 300 µg (PP2A) protein are immunoprecipitated overnight at 4°C with 2-3 µg of the appropriate antibodies and then incubated with Protein A-Sepharose. Immunoprecipitates are washed three times in lysis buffer, followed by resuspension in phosphatase assay buffer (PP2A: 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH7.5, 0.1 mM CaCl2; PP1γ: 50 mM Tris HCl pH 7.0, 0.2 mM MnCl2, 0.1 mM CaCl2, 125 µg/mL BSA, 0.05% Tween 20), supplemented with 100 µM 6,8-difluoro-4-methyl-umbelliferyl phosphate (DiFMUP). Precipitates are allowed to react with substrate for 1 hr at 37°C on an Eppendorf Thermoshaker, centrifuged and DiFMU fluorescence is measured on a BioTek Lambda Fluoro 320 microplate reader (360 nmex/460 nmem). Phosphatase activities are given as percent change relative to the control (DMSO treated cells)[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[1]

Cellular viability is assessed by the WST-1 colorimetric assay. Assays are performed on 96 well plates with 2×104 K562 cells/well in triplicate with Salubrinal concentrations ranging from 5-75 µM (total volume of 200 µL, 18 hrs). Untreated cells served as negative control sample[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
Using Balb/c female mice (~nine weeks old), CAIA is induced by intravenous injection of a 2 mg cocktail of ArthritoMAb antibodies on day 0 followed by intraperitoneal injection of 100 µg LPS on day 3. Mice are randomly divided into a placebo group and a Salubrinal-treated group. Salubrinal (2.0 mg/kg) is intravenously administered daily from day 0, while a solvent (49.5% PEG 400 and 0.5% Tween 80 in PBS) is administered to the placebo group.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Keywords:

SalubrinalPhosphataseApoptosisAutophagyInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Salubrinal
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HY-15486
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