1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Anti-infection
  2. Phosphodiesterase (PDE)
    RSV
  3. Roflumilast

Roflumilast 

Cat. No.: HY-15455 Purity: 99.43%
Handling Instructions

Roflumilast is a selective PDE4 inhibitor with IC50s of 0.7, 0.9, 0.7, and 0.2 nM for PDE4A1, PDEA4, PDEB1, and PDEB2, respectively, without affecting PDE1, PDE2, PDE3 or PDE5 isoenzymes from various cells.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Roflumilast Chemical Structure

Roflumilast Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 162401-32-3

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 60 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 72 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 216 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg   Get quote  
200 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

Based on 5 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Roflumilast:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

    Roflumilast purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Int Urol Nephrol. 2017 Oct;49(10):1723-1730.

    Oral Roflumilast treatment attenuates increased expression of inflammatory factor protein in obese rat bladder. Comparison of protein expression levels of NF-κB, IL-6 in the DSM. The data are the ratio of target protein with reference. The protein levels of vehicle-treated HFDfed rats are significantly higher than those of the ND+vehicle group. The protein levels of Roflumilast-treated HFD-fed rats are significantly reduced compared to vehicle-treated HFD-fed rats. Data are shown as relative pro

    Roflumilast purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Int Urol Nephrol. 2019 Feb;51(2):253-260.

    Increased protein expression levels of inflammatory factors are deceased after oral Roflumilast treatment in diabetic rat DSM.
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Roflumilast is a selective PDE4 inhibitor with IC50s of 0.7, 0.9, 0.7, and 0.2 nM for PDE4A1, PDEA4, PDEB1, and PDEB2, respectively, without affecting PDE1, PDE2, PDE3 or PDE5 isoenzymes from various cells.

    IC50 & Target

    IC50: 0.7 nM (PDE4A1), 0.9 nM (PDE4A4), 0.7 nM (PDE4B1), 0.2 nM (PDE4B2)[1]

    In Vitro

    Roflumilast does not affect PDE enzymes apart from PDE4, and is a subnanomolar inhibitor of most PDE4 splicing variants tested. It showed no PDE4 subtype selectivity apart from PDE4C (4C1, IC50=3 nM; 4C2, IC50=4.3 nM), which is inhibited with a slightly lower potency[2]. Roflumilast is a potent and selective PDE4 inhibitor. Roflumilast is a monoselective PDE4 inhibitor since it does not affect other PDE isoenzymes, including PDE1, PDE2, PDE3, and PDE5 up to 10,000-fold higher concentrations. Roflumilast inhibits human neutrophil functions. Roflumilast inhibits TNFα synthesis in monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Rolfumilast inhibits proliferation and cytokine synthesis in CD4+ T cells. Proliferation is inhibited to a maximum of about 60% by Roflumilast with a potency (IC30) of 7 nM[3].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    In Vivo

    Animal studies with Roflumilast demonstrated that it reduced the accumulation of neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid following short-term exposure of guinea pigs, mice or rats to tobacco smoke, and following exposure of rats to a combination of tobacco smoke and bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and abolished the lung parenchymal influx of inflammatory cells seen in rats exposed to tobacco smoke for 7 months[2]. Roflumilast blocks COPD progression in pIgR−/− mice. For these studies, 9-month-old WT or pIgR−/− mice are treated daily by oral gavage with 100 μg of Roflumilast (5 μg/g) or vehicle (4% methylcellulose, 1.3% PEG400) for 3 months and lungs are harvested at 12 months of age. Unlike pIgR−/− mice treated with vehicle, mice treated with Roflumilast had no progression of small airway wall remodelling after starting treatment. Strikingly, 12-month-old pIgR−/− mice treated with Roflumilast had reduced indices of emphysema compared with 9-month-old pIgR−/− mice, indicating that Roflumilast not only blocks progression of emphysema in this model but apparently facilitates some resolution of the emphysematous destruction of lung parenchyma[4].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Clinical Trial
    Molecular Weight

    403.21

    Formula

    C₁₇H₁₄Cl₂F₂N₂O₃

    CAS No.

    162401-32-3

    SMILES

    O=C(NC1=C(Cl)C=NC=C1Cl)C2=CC=C(OC(F)F)C(OCC3CC3)=C2

    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Storage
    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
    -20°C 1 month
    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (124.00 mM)

    H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

    *"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.4801 mL 12.4005 mL 24.8010 mL
    5 mM 0.4960 mL 2.4801 mL 4.9602 mL
    10 mM 0.2480 mL 1.2400 mL 2.4801 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    In Vivo:
    • 1.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

      Solubility: 2.5 mg/mL (6.20 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 2.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (6.20 mM); Clear solution

    *All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
    References
    Kinase Assay
    [3]

    PDE activity is determined with some modifications. The assay mixture contain 50 mM Tris (pH 7.4), 5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 μM cAMP or cGMP, and [3H]cAMP or [3H]cGMP (about 30,000 cpm/assay), the indicated concentration of the inhibitor and an aliquot of the enzyme solution at a final assay volume of 200 μL. Stock solutions of the compounds are diluted 1:100 (v/v) in the Tris buffer mentioned above; appropriate dilutions are prepared in 1% (v/v) DMSO/Tris buffer, which are diluted 1:2 (v/v) in the assays to obtain the desired final concentrations of the inhibitors at a DMSO concentration of 0.5% (v/v). DMSO itself affected none of the PDE activities. After preincubation for 5 min at 37°C, the reaction is started by the addition of substrate (cAMP or cGMP) and the assays are incubated for further 15 min at 37°C. Then 50 μL of 0.2 N HCl is added to stop the reaction and the assays are left on ice for about 10 min. Following incubation with 25 μg of 5′-nucleotidase (Crotalus atrox snake venom) for 10 min at 37°C, the assays are loaded on QAE Sephadex A-25 (1 mL of bed volume in Poly-Prep chromatography columns). The columns are eluted with 2 mL of 30 mM ammonium formate (pH 6.0) and the eluate is counted for radioactivity. Results are corrected for blank values (measured in the presence of denatured protein) that are below 5% of total radioactivity. The amount of cyclic nucleotides hydrolyzed did not exceed 30% of the original substrate concentration[3].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [4]

    Mice[4]
    WT or pIgR−/− mice are used. For studies using Roflumilast, 200 μL of 0.5 mg/mL suspension of Roflumilast or vehicle (4% methylcellulose, 1.3% PEG400 and 5 μg drug per mg animal weight) is administered by oral gavage once daily, 5 days a week for the duration of treatment. Mice are treated daily by oral gavage with 100 μg of Roflumilast (5 μg/g) or vehicle (4% methylcellulose, 1.3% PEG400) for 3 months and lungs are harvested at 12 months of age.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References
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    Keywords:

    RoflumilastPhosphodiesterase (PDE)RSVRespiratory syncytial virusInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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