1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease Autophagy
  2. Cytochrome P450 Autophagy
  3. Galangin

Galangin  (Synonyms: Norizalpinin; 3,5,7-Trihydroxyflavone)

Cat. No.: HY-N0382 Purity: 99.93%
COA Handling Instructions

Galangin (Norizalpinin) is an agonist/antagonist of the arylhydrocarbon receptor. Galangin (Norizalpinin) also shows inhibition of CYP1A1 activity.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Galangin Chemical Structure

Galangin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 548-83-4

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
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10 mM * 1 mL
ready for reconstitution
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5 mg USD 38 In-stock
10 mg USD 60 In-stock
25 mg USD 96 In-stock
50 mg USD 168 In-stock
100 mg USD 264 In-stock
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Based on 8 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Galangin (Norizalpinin) is an agonist/antagonist of the arylhydrocarbon receptor. Galangin (Norizalpinin) also shows inhibition of CYP1A1 activity.

IC50 & Target



In Vitro

Galangin (Norizalpinin) inhibits the catabolic breakdown of DMBA, as measured by thin-layer chromatography, in a dose-dependent manner. Galangin also inhibits the formation of DMBA-DNA adducts, and prevents DMBA-induced inhibition of cell growth. Galangin causes a potent, dose-dependent inhibition of CYP1A1 activity, as measured by ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity, in intact cells and in microsomes isolated from DMBA-treated cells. Analysis of the inhibition kinetics by double-reciprocal plot demonstrates that galangin inhibits CYP1A1 activity in a noncompetitive manner. Galangin causes an increase in the level of CYP1A1 mRNA, indicating that it may be an agonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, but it inhibits the induction of CYP1A1 mRNA by DMBA or by 2,3,5,7-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Galangin also inhibits the DMBA- or TCDD-induced transcription of a reporter vector containing the CYP1A1 promoter[1]. Galangin treatment inhibits cell proliferation and induced autophagy (130 μM) and apoptosis (370 μM). In particular, galangin treatment in HepG2 cells causes (1) an accumulation of autophagosomes, (2) elevated levels of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3, and (3) an increased percentage of cells with vacuoles. p53 expression is also increased. The galangin-induced autophagy is attenuated by the inhibition of p53 in HepG2 cells, and overexpression of p53 in Hep3B cells restored the galangin-induced higher percentage of cells with vacuoles to normal level[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight








Structure Classification
Initial Source

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 125 mg/mL (462.55 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.7004 mL 18.5021 mL 37.0041 mL
5 mM 0.7401 mL 3.7004 mL 7.4008 mL
10 mM 0.3700 mL 1.8502 mL 3.7004 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (7.70 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.96%

Cell Assay

Cells (5.0×103) are seeded and treated with different concentrations of galangin for different periods of time in 96-well plates. The number of viable cells in each well is determined by adding 10 µL of 5 mg/mL MTT solution. Following the 4 hour incubation at 37°C, the cells are dissolved in a 100 µL solution containing 20% SDS and 50% dimethy formamide. The optical densities are quantified at a test wavelength of 570 nm with a reference wavelength of 630 nm using a Varioskan Flash Reader spectrophotometer.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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