1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. SGLT
    Endogenous Metabolite
    GLUT
  3. Phloretin

Phloretin (Synonyms: NSC 407292; RJC 02792)

Cat. No.: HY-N0142 Purity: 99.78%
Handling Instructions

Phloretin (NSC 407292; RJC 02792) is a flavonoid extracted from Prunus mandshurica, has anti-inflammatory activities. Phloridzin is a specific, competitive and orally active inhibitor of sodium/glucose cotransporters in the intestine (SGLT1) and kidney (SGLT2). Phloretin inhibits Yeast-made GLUT1 as well as Human erythrocyte GLUT1 with IC50values of 49 μM and 61 μM, respectively.Phloretin has the potential for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and allergic airway inflammation.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Phloretin Chemical Structure

Phloretin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 60-82-2

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Description

Phloretin (NSC 407292; RJC 02792) is a flavonoid extracted from Prunus mandshurica, has anti-inflammatory activities. Phloridzin is a specific, competitive and orally active inhibitor of sodium/glucose cotransporters in the intestine (SGLT1) and kidney (SGLT2). Phloretin inhibits Yeast-made GLUT1 as well as Human erythrocyte GLUT1 with IC50values of 49 μM and 61 μM, respectively[1].Phloretin has the potential for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and allergic airway inflammation[4].

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

GLUT1

 

GLUT2

 

In Vitro

Phloretin induced obvious cytotoxicity against BEL-7402 cells with IC50 of 89.23 μM[2].
Phloretin (40-160 μM; 24 hours) induces BEL-7402 cell apoptosis though the mitochondrial pathway, the cells exposed to phloretin exhibits nuclear chromatin condensation and increased fluorescence intensity. The caspase-9 reaches the peak level at 12 h, and leak levels of caspase-6 and caspase-3 activities occurrs 18 and 24 h after the exposure, respectively[2].
Phloretin (0-100 μM; 24 hours) has effects on transcription factors of adipogenesis in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes, decreases PPAR-γ, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ as a dose-dependent manner[3].
Phloretin (0-100 μM; 24 hours) has effects on the AMPK pathway in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes, increases the phosphorylation of substrate ACC-1, AMPK in PT-treated cells[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Apoptosis Analysis[2]

Cell Line: BEL-7402 cell
Concentration: 40-160 μM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Induced cell apoptosis and activated caspase 3, 6 and 9.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Concentration: 0 μM, 3 μM, 10 μM, 30 μM, 100 μM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Inhibited PPAR-γ, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ expression.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Concentration: 0 μM, 3 μM, 10 μM, 30 μM, 100 μM
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Upregulated the expression of p-ACC-1, p-AMPK, p-AMPKα and β .
In Vivo

Phloretin (oral administration; 50 or 100 mg/kg; once daily) decreases oxidative stress and diminished levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in paw tissue, reduces productivity of anti-collagen antibodies in serum[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Collagen-Induced Arthritis (CIA) Mice[3]
Dosage: 50 or 100 mg/kg
Administration: Oral adminstration
Result: Showed mitigation of clinical symptoms of RA in addition to reduced inflammation of hind-limbs compared to the control group.
Molecular Weight

274.27

Formula

C₁₅H₁₄O₅

CAS No.
SMILES

O=C(C1=C(O)C=C(O)C=C1O)CCC2=CC=C(O)C=C2

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (182.30 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.6460 mL 18.2302 mL 36.4604 mL
5 mM 0.7292 mL 3.6460 mL 7.2921 mL
10 mM 0.3646 mL 1.8230 mL 3.6460 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
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Keywords:

PhloretinNSC 407292 RJC 02792NSC407292NSC-407292RJC02792RJC 02792RJC-02792SGLTEndogenous MetaboliteGLUTSodium-dependent glucose cotransportersGlucose transporterInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Phloretin
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