1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. SGLT
  3. Phloretin

Phloretin (Synonyms: NSC 407292; RJC 02792)

Cat. No.: HY-N0142 Purity: 99.70%
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Phloretin(NSC 407292; RJC 02792) is a dihydrochalcone, a type of natural phenols.

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Phloretin Chemical Structure

Phloretin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 60-82-2

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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Phloretin(NSC 407292; RJC 02792) is a dihydrochalcone, a type of natural phenols. Phloretin inhibits the active transport of glucose into cells by SGLT1 and SGLT2. IC50 Value: 49 +/- 12 microM [4] Target: SGLT1/2 in vitro: Phlorizin blocks glucose transport across the renal tubule at concentrations in renal blood and tissue in the range of 10-5 to 10-7 M [1]. PT significantly enhanced glycerol release and inhibited the adipogenesis-related transcription factors. PT also promoted phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase and increased activity of adipose triglyceride lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase in 3T3-L1 cells [2]. Phloretin induced obvious cytotoxicity against BEL-7402 cells with IC50 of 89.23 microg/mL. The growth curve demonstrated decreased growth of the cells as phloretin concentration increased [3]. D-glucose-transport activity was observed with a Km for D-glucose of 3.4 +/- 0.2 mM (mean +/- S.E.M.) and was inhibited by cytochalasin B (IC50= 0.44 +/- 0.03 microM), HgCl2 (IC50)= 3.5 +/- 0.5 microM), phloretin (IC50= 49 +/- 12 microM) and phloridzin (IC50= 355 +/- 67 microM) [4]. in vivo: The effect of phloridzin orally doses 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg body weight on diabetes was tested in a streptozotocin-induced rat model of diabetes type 1. From beneficial effect of this compound is significant reduction of blood glucose levels and improve dyslipidemia in diabetic rats [5].

Molecular Weight

274.27

Formula

C₁₅H₁₄O₅

CAS No.

60-82-2

SMILES

O=C(C1=C(O)C=C(O)C=C1O)CCC2=CC=C(O)C=C2

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (182.30 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.6460 mL 18.2302 mL 36.4604 mL
5 mM 0.7292 mL 3.6460 mL 7.2921 mL
10 mM 0.3646 mL 1.8230 mL 3.6460 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.12 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
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Keywords:

PhloretinNSC 407292RJC 02792NSC407292NSC-407292RJC02792RJC-02792SGLTSodium-dependent glucose cotransportersInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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