1. Anti-infection
  2. HCV
    HIV
  3. Celgosivir

Celgosivir (Synonyms: MBI 3253; MDL 28574; MX3253)

Cat. No.: HY-16134
Handling Instructions

Celgosivir (MBI 3253; MDL 28574; MX3253) is an α-glucosidase I inhibitor; inhibits bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) with an IC50 of 1.27 μM in in vitro assay.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Celgosivir Chemical Structure

Celgosivir Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 121104-96-9

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Description

Celgosivir (MBI 3253; MDL 28574; MX3253) is an α-glucosidase I inhibitor; inhibits bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) with an IC50 of 1.27 μM in in vitro assay.

IC50 & Target

IC50: 1.27 μM (α-glucosidase I)[1]

In Vitro

Celgosivir is more effective (IC50=20 μM) than the parent molecule (IC50=254 μM) at causing the accumulation of glucosylated oligosaccharides in HIV-infected cells by inhibition of glycoprotein processing. Celgosivir exhibits potent antiviral activity against HIV-1 with an IC50 of 2.0±2.3 μM[1]. Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a closely related virus of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Celgosivir inhibits BVDV with IC50 values of 16 and 47 μM in plaque assay and cytopathic effect assay, respectively[2]. Celgosivir inhibits DENV2 replication with an EC50 of 0.2 μM. The EC50 values against DENV1, 3 and 4 are less than 0.7 μM[3].

In Vivo

Celgosivir fully protects AG129 mice from lethal infection with a mouse adapted dengue virus at a dose of 50 mg/kg twice daily (BID) for 5 days and is effective even after 48 h delayed treatment. The protection by celgosivir is dose- and schedule-dependent and that a twice-a-day regimen of 50, 25 or 10 mg/kg is more protective than a single daily dose of 100 mg/kg. Pharmacokinetics studies of celgosivir in mice shows that it rapidly metabolizes to castanospermine[4]. During primary infection with a mouse-adapted DENV strain S221, mice shows increased viremia on day 3, yet 80% survived day 10 with virus completely cleared by day 8[3].

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

259.30

Formula

C₁₂H₂₁NO₅

CAS No.

121104-96-9

SMILES
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

References
Cell Assay
[3]

The cytotoxicity of Celgosivir is measured by the Cell titer-Glo Luminescent cell viability assay. The luminescence signals for cells treated with the test compounds are compared to those for cells treated with the maximum tolerated DMSO to determine the 50% cytotoxic concentration[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[3]

Mice: To model ADE, mice are injected i.p. with 20 μg /mouse of mouse monoclonal antibody against DENV E protein one day prior to infection. For treatment during infection, celgosivir (50 mg/kg) is injected i.p. twice daily for 5 days, starting from day 0, 1 or 2. Blood is collected at days 1, 3 and 7 by submandibular bleeding. Survival of mice is followed until day 10 and survival curves are plotted[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Celgosivir
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