1. Anti-infection
    Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Epigenetics
  2. Bacterial
    DNA/RNA Synthesis
    MicroRNA
    Antibiotic
  3. Enoxacin

Enoxacin (Synonyms: AT 2266; CI 919)

Cat. No.: HY-B0268
Handling Instructions

Enoxacin (AT 2266), a fluoroquinolone, interferes with DNA replication and inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase (IC50=126 µg/ml) and topoisomerase IV (IC50=26.5 µg/ml). Enoxacin is a miRNA processing activator and enhances siRNA-mediated mRNA degradation and promotes the biogenesis of endogenous miRNAs. Enoxacin has potent activities against gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Enoxacin is a cancer-specific growth inhibitor that acts by enhancing TAR RNA-binding protein 2 (TRBP)-mediated microRNA processing.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Enoxacin Chemical Structure

Enoxacin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 74011-58-8

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Description

Enoxacin (AT 2266), a fluoroquinolone, interferes with DNA replication and inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase (IC50=126 µg/ml) and topoisomerase IV (IC50=26.5 µg/ml). Enoxacin is a miRNA processing activator and enhances siRNA-mediated mRNA degradation and promotes the biogenesis of endogenous miRNAs. Enoxacin has potent activities against gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Enoxacin is a cancer-specific growth inhibitor that acts by enhancing TAR RNA-binding protein 2 (TRBP)-mediated microRNA processing[1][2][3][4].

In Vitro

Enoxacin (AT 2266) increases siGFP-mediated gene knockdown mediated by siRNA against EGFP in HEK293 cells-based reporter system in a dose-dependent manner, with a median effective concentration (EC50) of ~30 µM, whereas it has no effect on the cells expressing GFP only. Enoxacin (50 µM) promotes the processing of miRNAs and the loading of siRNA duplexes onto RISCs in HEK293 cells[3].
Enoxacin has no effect on the processing of pre-let-7 or pre-miR-30a by Dicer alone. However, the addition of Enoxacin can enhance the processing of let-7 or pre-miR-30a by Dicer and TRBP together[3].
Enoxacin inhibits 90% Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Aeromonas sp., Enterobacter spp., Serratia spp., Proteus mirabilis, and Morganella morganii at less than or equal to 0.8 micrograms/ml[5].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Enoxacin (AT 2266; 100 µM; 2 µl; injected into ear once a day for 3 consecutive days (days 12, 13 and 14)) enhances the the GFP mRNA knockdown efficiency by Lv-siGFP (from 80% to 60%; 40% GFP mRNA level remained), whereas alone has no effect on GFP expression in GFP transgenic line C57BL/6-Tg(ACTB-EGFP)1Osb/J (10 d old) with lentivirus expressing shGFP (Lv-siGFP; injected into ear for 10 days)[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

320.32

Formula

C15H17FN4O3

CAS No.
SMILES

O=C(C1=CN(CC)C2=C(C=C(F)C(N3CCNCC3)=N2)C1=O)O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

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