1. Academic Validation
  2. Effects of intracellular iron overload on cell death and identification of potent cell death inhibitors

Effects of intracellular iron overload on cell death and identification of potent cell death inhibitors

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 Sep 3;503(1):297-303. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.06.019.
Shenglin Fang 1 Xiaonan Yu 1 Haoxuan Ding 1 Jianan Han 1 Jie Feng 2
Affiliations

Affiliations

  • 1 Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: [email protected]
Abstract

Iron overload causes many diseases, while the underlying etiologies of these diseases are unclear. Cell death processes including Apoptosis, Necroptosis, cyclophilin D-(CypD)-dependent necrosis and a recently described additional form of regulated cell death called Ferroptosis, are dependent on iron or iron-dependent Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). However, whether the accumulation of intracellular iron itself induces Ferroptosis or other forms of cell death is largely elusive. In present study, we study the role of intracellular iron overload itself-induced cell death mechanisms by using ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) and a membrane-permeable Ferric 8-hydroxyquinoline complex (Fe-8HQ) respectively. We show that FAC-induced intracellular iron overload causes Ferroptosis. We also identify 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) inhibitor GSK2334470 as a potent Ferroptosis Inhibitor. Whereas, Fe-8HQ-induced intracellular iron overload causes unregulated necrosis, but partially activates PARP-1 dependent parthanatos. Interestingly, we identify many phenolic compounds as potent inhibitors of Fe-8HQ-induced cell death. In conclusion, intracellular iron overload-induced cell death form might be dependent on the intracellular iron accumulation rate, newly identified cell death inhibitors in our study that target Ferroptosis and unregulated oxidative cell death represent potential therapeutic strategies against iron overload related diseases.

Keywords

Ferroptosis; Iron overload; Phenolic compounds; Unregulated necrosis.

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