1. Immunology/Inflammation
    NF-κB
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Reactive Oxygen Species
  3. Lycopene

Lycopene 

Cat. No.: HY-N0287 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

Lycopene is naturally occurring carotenoids found in tomato, tomato products, and in other red fruits and vegetables; exhibits antioxidant effects.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Lycopene Chemical Structure

Lycopene Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 502-65-8

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Based on 5 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Lycopene is naturally occurring carotenoids found in tomato, tomato products, and in other red fruits and vegetables; exhibits antioxidant effects.

In Vitro

Sufficient uptake of lycopene from the diet is necessary to benefit from its health promoting effects, since humans are unable to synthesise lycopene de novo. Lycopene significantly inhibits prostate and breast cancer cell growth at physiologically relevant concentrations of 1.25 μM and also causes a 30-40 % reduction in inhibitor of kappa B phosphorylation in the cells[1]. Increased intake of lycopene, a major carotenoid in tomatoes, consumed as the all-trans-isomer attenuates alcohol induced apoptosis in 2E1 cells and reduces risk of prostate, lung and digestive cancers. Lycopene plays a role in the protection against photooxidative processes by acting as singlet molecular oxygen and peroxyl radicals scavengers and can interact synergistically with other antioxidants[2]. Lycopene as a carotenoid can react with types of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in three different mechanisms: I) by electron-transfer, II) by hydrogen atom transfer or III) by adduct formation. Lycopene is able to deactivate singlet oxygen mainly by physical quenching[3]. Lycopene decreases ROS production in SK-Hep-1 cells through inhibition of NADPH oxidase, brought about in the PKC pathway[5].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Lycopene is the most predominant carotenoid in human plasma and has a half life of about 2-3 days[2]. Lycopene or processed tomatoes may lead to a reduction of intima-media thickness in vessel walls[3]. Lycopene exerts protective effects against ATZ-induced toxicity in rat adrenal cortex. These effects may be attributed to the antioxidative property of lycopene and its ability to activate the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway[4]. Lycopene improves hepatotoxicity acting as an antioxidant, reduces GSSG and regulates tGSH and CAT levels, reduces oxidative damage[5].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

536.87

Formula

C₄₀H₅₆

CAS No.

502-65-8

SMILES

C/C(C)=C\CC/C(C)=C/C=C/C(C)=C/C=C/C(C)=C/C=C/C=C(/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C=C(CC/C=C(C)\C)\C)C

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

-20°C, protect from light, stored under nitrogen

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light, stored under nitrogen)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : < 1 mg/mL (insoluble or slightly soluble)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

References
Cell Assay
[1]

PC3 cells and MDA-MB-231 cells are treated with (0, 0.5, 1.25, 2.5 and 5 μM) lycopene for 48 h. Cell survival/growth is measured using the colorimetric MTS assay method. MTS-PMS complex (20 μL) is added to each well. The catalytic activity of viable cells results in formazan dye production, which is then quantified. Cells are incubated with the dye for 1 h, followed by absorbance reading at 492 nm on a spectrophotometer[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[4]

Rats: Lycopene is dissolved in corn oil. 35 adult male albino rats are randomized into five equal groups: untreated control, vehicle control (receives 0.5 mL corn oil/day), lycopene (10 mg/kg b.w./day), ATZ (dissolved in 0.5 mL corn oil 300 mg/kg b.w./day), and ATZ + lycopene. All treatments are given by oral gavage for 4 weeks[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: >98.0%

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Keywords:

LycopeneReactive Oxygen SpeciesInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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