1. Anti-infection
  2. Bacterial
    Antibiotic
  3. Clindamycin hydrochloride

Clindamycin hydrochloride 

Cat. No.: HY-B0408A Purity: ≥98.0%
Handling Instructions

Clindamycin (hydrochloride) is a semisynthetic lincosamide antibiotic, which inhibits protein synthesis by acting on the 50S ribosomal.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Clindamycin hydrochloride Chemical Structure

Clindamycin hydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 21462-39-5

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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Clindamycin (hydrochloride) is a semisynthetic lincosamide antibiotic, which inhibits protein synthesis by acting on the 50S ribosomal.

In Vitro

Clindamycin is a classical inhibitor of bacterial protein synthesis, by binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Clindamycin hydrochloride results in fast absorption after oral administration in dogs, with a mean absorption time (MAT) of 0.87 hour, and bioavailability is 72.55%. Clindamycin hydrochloride results in total clearance (CL) of Clindamycin after both IV and oral administration (0.503 vs. 0.458 L/h/kg) in dogs. Clindamycin hydrochloride results in volume of distribution at steady-state (IV) at 2.48 L/kg, indicating a wide distribution of clindamycin in body fluids and tissues. Clindamycin serum concentrations after IV and oral administration remain above 0.5 μg/mL approximately for 10 hours[1]. Clindamycin hydrochloride significantly reduces oral malodor from the dogs' baseline levels through 42 days. Clindamycin hydrochloride also results in significant reductions in dental plaque, dental calculus, and gingival bleeding in dogs[2]. Clindamycin hydrochloride (2.5 mg/Lb), after ultrasonic scaling, root planing, and polishing (USRP), has a significant effect on plaque and pocket depth measures of periodontal disease but not on gingivitis in canine[3]. Clindamycin hydrochloride results in complete remission ratio of 71.4% (15/21) in dogs with canine superficial bacterial pyoderma after treat within 14 to 28 days[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

461.44

Formula

C₁₈H₃₄Cl₂N₂O₅S

CAS No.
SMILES
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (216.71 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.1671 mL 10.8356 mL 21.6713 mL
5 mM 0.4334 mL 2.1671 mL 4.3343 mL
10 mM 0.2167 mL 1.0836 mL 2.1671 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.42 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.42 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.42 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Animal Administration
[1]

For the first experimental period, 11 mg/kg BW clindamycin hydrochloride are administered IV to all animals (Day 0), after catheterisation of the left cephalic vein. The catheters (18 G×51 mm Abbocath-T) are removed shortly after administration of the drug. Blood samples (3 mL) are collected into plastic tubes by aspiration from the catheterized lateral cephalic vein, prior to (t=0 h) and at 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45 min, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 h after administration. The intravenous catheters are flushed with 2 mL 1% heparinized normal saline after each sampling. On Day 28, all dogs receive one Antirobe capsule (150 mg clindamycin hydrochloride). Dose normalisation from mg/animal to mg/kg BW is carried out in each animal by dividing the total amount of clindamycin received, by its body weight. Blood sample collection is performed, following the technique described above, immediately before (t=0 h) and at 15, 30, 45 min, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 h after drug administration. All blood samples are allowed to stand in a dark place for 20 min. After centrifugation at 1500 g for 10 min, at 4°C, the supernatant serum is transferred into 5-mL plastic tubes and is stored at −30°C, pending analysis.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Keywords:

ClindamycinBacterialAntibioticInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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