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  3. CY7

CY7 is a CY dye. CY, short for Cyanine, is a compound consisting of two nitrogen atoms connected by an odd number of methyl units. Cyanine compounds have the characteristics of long wavelength, adjustable absorption and emission, high extinction coefficient, good water solubility and relatively simple synthesis. CY dyes are of en used for the labeling of proteins, antibodies and small molecular compounds. For the labeling of protein antibodies, the combination can be completed through a simple mixing reaction. Below, we introduce the labeling method of protein antibody labeling, which has certain reference significance.

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CY7 Chemical Structure

CY7 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 943298-08-6

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 270 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 270 In-stock
Solid
1 mg USD 85 In-stock
5 mg USD 180 In-stock
10 mg USD 252 In-stock
25 mg USD 510 In-stock
50 mg USD 714 In-stock
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Based on 7 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

CY7 is a CY dye. CY, short for Cyanine, is a compound consisting of two nitrogen atoms connected by an odd number of methyl units. Cyanine compounds have the characteristics of long wavelength, adjustable absorption and emission, high extinction coefficient, good water solubility and relatively simple synthesis[1]. CY dyes are of en used for the labeling of proteins, antibodies and small molecular compounds. For the labeling of protein antibodies, the combination can be completed through a simple mixing reaction. Below, we introduce the labeling method of protein antibody labeling, which has certain reference significance[2].

In Vitro

Protocol
1.Protein Preparetion
1) In order to obtain the best labeling effect, please prepare the protein (antibody) concentration as 2 mg/mL.
2) The pH value of protein solution shall be 8.5±0.5. If the pH is lower than 8.0, 1 M sodium bicarbonate shall be used for adjustment.
3) If the protein concentration is lower than 2 mg/mL, the labeling efficiency will be greatly reduced. In order to obtain the best labeling efficiency, it is recommended that the final protein concentration range is 2-10 mg/mL.
4) The protein must be in the buffer without primary amine (such as Tris or glycine) and ammonium ion, otherwise the labeling efficiency will be affected.
2.Dye Preparation (Example for CY3-NHS ester)
Add anhydrous DMSO into the vial of CY3-NHS ester to make a 10 mM stock solution. Mix well by pipetting or vortex.
Before use, it must be activated with condensation solution (500 μg/mL) (HY-D0178) before subsequent labeling experiments can be performed.
3.Calculation of dye dosage
The amount of CY3-NHS ester required for reaction depends on the amount of protein to be labeled, and the optimal molar ratio of CY3-NHS ester to protein is about 10.
Example: assuming the required marker protein is 500 μL 2 mg/mL IgG (MW=150,000), use 100 μL DMSO dissolve 1 mg CY3-NHS ester, the required CY3-NHS ester volume is 5.05 μL, and the detailed calculation process is as follows:
1) mmol (IgG) = mg/mL (IgG) ×mL (IgG) / MW (IgG) =2 mg/mL × 0.5 mL / 150,000 mg/mmol= 6.7×10-6 mmol
2) mmol (CY3-NHS ester) = mmol (IgG) × 10 = 6.7×10-6 mmol×10 = 6.7 × 10-5 mmol
3) μL (CY3-NHS ester) = mmol (CY3-NHS ester) ×MW (CY3-NHS ester) / mg/μL (CY3-NHS ester) = 6.7 ×10-5 mmol ×753.88 mg/mmol / 0.01 mg/μL = 5.05 μL (CY3-NHS ester)
4.Run conjugation reaction
1) A good volume of freshly prepared 10 mg/mL CY3-NHS ester is slowly added to 0.5 mL protein sample
In solution, gently shake to mix, then centrifuge briefly to collect the sample at the bottom of the reaction tube. Don'tmix well to prevent protein samples from denaturation and inactivation.
2) The reaction tubules were placed in a dark place and incubated gently at room temperature for 60 minutes at intervals.For 10-15 minutes, gently reverse the reaction tubules several times to fully mix the two reactants and raise the bar efficiency.
5.Purify the conjugation
The following protocol is an example of dye-protein conjugate purification by using a SepHadex G-25 column.
1) Prepare SepHadex G-25 column according to the manufacture instruction.
2) Load the reaction mixture (From "Run conjugation reaction") to the top of the SepHadex G-25 column.
3) Add PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) as soon as the sample runs just below the top resin surface.
4) Add more PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) to the desired sample to complete the column purification. Combine the fractions that contain the desired dye-protein conjugate.

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

682.85

Formula

C35H42N2O8S2

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

Light yellow to green yellow

Emission (Em)

770

Excitation (Ex)

740

SMILES

CC(/C(N1CCCCCC(O)=O)=C\C=C\C=C\C=C\C2=[N+](CC)C(C=CC(S(=O)([O-])=O)=C3)=C3C2(C)C)(C)C4=C1C=CC(S(=O)(O)=O)=C4

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 33 mg/mL (48.33 mM; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.4645 mL 7.3223 mL 14.6445 mL
5 mM 0.2929 mL 1.4645 mL 2.9289 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.08%

Dyeing Example
References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 1.4645 mL 7.3223 mL 14.6445 mL 36.6113 mL
5 mM 0.2929 mL 1.4645 mL 2.9289 mL 7.3223 mL
10 mM 0.1464 mL 0.7322 mL 1.4645 mL 3.6611 mL
15 mM 0.0976 mL 0.4882 mL 0.9763 mL 2.4408 mL
20 mM 0.0732 mL 0.3661 mL 0.7322 mL 1.8306 mL
25 mM 0.0586 mL 0.2929 mL 0.5858 mL 1.4645 mL
30 mM 0.0488 mL 0.2441 mL 0.4882 mL 1.2204 mL
40 mM 0.0366 mL 0.1831 mL 0.3661 mL 0.9153 mL
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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