1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Mitochondrial Metabolism

Mitochondrial Metabolism

Mitochondria use multiple carbon fuels to produce ATP and metabolites, including pyruvate, which is generated from glycolysis; amino acids such as glutamine; and fatty acids. These carbon fuels feed into the TCA cycle in the mitochondrial matrix to generate the reducing equivalents NADH and FADH2, which deliver their electrons to the electron transport chain. Mitochondria are complex organelles that play an important role in many facets of cellular function, from metabolism to immune regulation and cell death. Mitochondria are actively involved in a wide variety of cellular processes and molecular interactions, such as calcium buffering, lipid flux, and intracellular signaling. It is increasingly recognized that mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of many diseases such as obesity/diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Mitochondrial metabolism is a key determinant of tumor progression by impacting on functions such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Mitochondrial metabolism and derived oncometabolites shape the epigenetic landscape to alter aggressiveness features of cancer cells. Changes in mitochondrial metabolism are relevant for the survival of tumors in response to therapy.

Mitochondrial Metabolism Related Products (33):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-100941
    CCCP Inhibitor 99.83%
    CCCP is an oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler. CCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-B1756
    Rotenone Inhibitor 98.12%
    Rotenone is an mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I inhibitor. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.
  • HY-100410
    FCCP 99.39%
    FCCP is an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. FCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-15475
    UK-5099 Inhibitor 99.57%
    UK-5099 (PF-1005023) is a potent inhibitor of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC). UK-5099 (PF-1005023) inhibits pyruvate-dependent O2 consumption with an IC50 of 50 nM.
  • HY-P0025
    NIM811 Inhibitor 99.55%
    NIM811 ((Melle-4)cyclosporin; SDZ NIM811) is a potent and bioavailable mitochondrial permeability transition and cyclophilin dual inhibitor, which exhibits potent in vitro activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) .
  • HY-108022
    MSDC-0602 Inhibitor 98.54%
    MSDC-0602, a PPARγ-sparing thiazolidinedione (TZD), interacts with the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) and inhibits its activity and are effective for treatment of type 2 diabetes with reducing risk of PPARγ-mediated side effects.
  • HY-N1441
    Afzelin Activator 99.62%
    Afzelin (Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside) is is a flavonol glycoside found in Houttuynia cordata Thunberg and is widely used in the preparation of antibacterial and antipyretic agents, detoxicants and for the treatment of inflammation. Afzelin attenuates the mitochondrial damage, enhances mitochondrial biogenesis and decreases the level of mitophagy-related proteins, parkin and PTEN-induced putative kinase 1. Afzelin improves the survival rate and reduces the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and pro-inflammatory cytokines in D-galactosamine (GalN)/LPS -treated mice.
  • HY-N6882
    Genistein 8-c-glucoside Activator 99.40%
    Genistein 8-c-glucoside (G8CG) is a natural glucoside isolated from flowers of Lupinus luteus L. Genistein 8-c-glucoside induces mitochondrial membrane depolarization and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-112879
    Mito-TEMPO 98.05%
    Mito-TEMPO is a mitochondria-targeted superoxide dismutase mimetic with superoxide and alkyl radical scavenging properties.
  • HY-N0018
    Daidzin Inhibitor 99.53%
    Daidzin is an isoflavone that has anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-atherosclerotic activities; directly inhibits mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (IC50 = 80 nM) and is an effective anti-dipsotropic isoflavone.
  • HY-14771A
    Imeglimin hydrochloride Activator >98.0%
    Imeglimin hydrochloride is the first antidiabetic compound that induces an increase in mitochondrial phospholipid composition, contributing to improvements in hepatic mitochondrial function.
  • HY-111536
    Mitochonic acid 5 Modulator 99.31%
    Mitochonic acid 5 binds mitochondria and ameliorates renal tubular and cardiac myocyte damage. Mitochonic acid 5 modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
  • HY-P0125A
    Elamipretide TFA Inhibitor 99.81%
    Elamipretide TFA (MTP-131 TFA; RX-31 TFA; SS-31 TFA) is a cardiolipin peroxidase inhibitor and mitochondria-targeting peptide.
  • HY-B0486
    Lonidamine Inhibitor
    Lonidamine (AF-1890), an antitumor agent, is a hexokinase, mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (Ki 2.5 μM in isolated rat liver mitochondria) and plasma membrane monocarboxylate transporters inhibitor, which also inhibits mitochondrial complex II.
  • HY-N0492
    α-Lipoic Acid 98.03%
    α-Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. α-Lipoic Acid inhibits NF-κB-dependent HIV-1 LTR activation.
  • HY-18733
    Lipoic acid 99.59%
    Lipoic acid ((R)-(+)-α-Lipoic acid) is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. (R)-(+)-α-Lipoic acid is more effective than racemic Lipoic acid.
  • HY-14796
    Olesoxime Inhibitor 98.98%
    Olesoxime (TRO 19622) is a mitochondrial-targeted neuroprotective compound with mean EC50 value for increasing cell survival is 3.2±0.2 µM.
  • HY-18996
    Adjudin Inhibitor >98.0%
    Adjudin is an extensively studied male contraceptive with a superior mitochondria-inhibitory effect. Adjudin is also a potent Cl- channel blocker.
  • HY-100852
    ER-000444793 Inhibitor >98.0%
    ER-000444793 is a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening. ER-000444793 inhibits mPTP with an IC50 of 2.8 μM.
  • HY-112860
    Asp-AMS Inhibitor >98.0%
    Asp-AMS, an analogue of aspartyl-adenylate, is an aspartyl-tRNA synthetase inhibitor and also a strong competitive inhibitor of the mitochondrial enzyme.
Isoform Specific Products

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