1. Anti-infection Autophagy NF-κB
  2. Bacterial HIV Autophagy Parasite IKK Influenza Virus
  3. Tizoxanide

Tizoxanide  (Synonyms: TIZ)

Cat. No.: HY-12687 Purity: 99.09%
COA Handling Instructions

Tizoxanide (TIZ) is the active metabolite of Nitazoxanide, which is a thiazolide anti-infective compound against anaerobic bacteria, protozoa, and a range of viruses. Tizoxanide (TIZ) has anti-HIV-1 activities and potent inhibition of both HBV and HCV replication with values EC50 of 0.46μM and 0.15 μM, respectively. Tizoxanide also exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressing of the activation of the NF-κB and the MAPK signaling pathways in LPS-treated macrophage cells.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Tizoxanide Chemical Structure

Tizoxanide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 173903-47-4

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Based on 7 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Tizoxanide (TIZ) is the active metabolite of Nitazoxanide, which is a thiazolide anti-infective compound against anaerobic bacteria, protozoa, and a range of viruses. Tizoxanide (TIZ) has anti-HIV-1 activities and potent inhibition of both HBV and HCV replication with values EC50 of 0.46μM and 0.15 μM, respectively. Tizoxanide also exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressing of the activation of the NF-κB and the MAPK signaling pathways in LPS-treated macrophage cells[1][3][4][5].

IC50 & Target

Tizoxanide (TIZ) has potent inhibition of both HBV and HCV replication with values EC50 of 0.46μM and 0.15 μM, respectively[4].

In Vitro

Tizoxanide (TIZ) induces mild mitochondrial uncoupling and activate AMPK in hepatocytes[1].
Tizoxanide (TIZ) inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in HCV replicon systems[3].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[1]

Cell Line: HepG2 cells
Concentration: 1-25 µmol/L
Incubation Time: 24 h
Result: Induced mitochondrial uncoupling and AMPK activation not due to the non-specific cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells at concentrations less than 25 µmol/L.

Immunofluorescence[1]

Cell Line: HepG2 cells
Concentration: 10 µmol/L
Incubation Time: 24 h
Result: Promoted the nuclear translocation of TFEB by activating AMPK in HepG2 cells.

RT-PCR[1]

Cell Line: HepG2 cells
Concentration: 1-25 µmol/L
Incubation Time: 24 h
Result: Induced the increase transcription of SQSTM1/P62 in HepG2 cells.

Western Blot Analysis[1]

Cell Line: HepG2 cells
Concentration: 1-25 µmol/L
Incubation Time: 24 h
Result: Activated AMPK and increased phosphorylation of ACC in HepG2 cells.

Cell Cytotoxicity Assay[3]

Cell Line: RP7 cells, NTZ-11 and TIZ-9 cell lines
Concentration: The initial drug concentration was 0.02 µM, followed by 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, and 1 µM, and subsequent weekly increases of 1 µM until a final concentration of 11 µM.
Incubation Time: 3 days
Result: Againsted HCV replication in RP7 cells (IC50: 0.16), NTZ-11 (IC50:1.2) and TIZ-9 cell lines (IC50: 1.5)
In Vivo

Tizoxanide (TIZ) (10 mg/kg; i.v.) can pass the BBB and distribute to the brain tissue. Tizoxanide retains in brain is obviously longer than that in plasma[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Sprague Dawley rats[2]
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: Tizoxanide (10 mg/kg; i.v.)
Result: Could pass the BBB and distribute to the brain tissue.
Molecular Weight

265.25

Formula

C10H7N3O4S

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

Light yellow to yellow

SMILES

O=C(NC1=NC=C([N+]([O-])=O)S1)C2=CC=CC=C2O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 25 mg/mL (94.25 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

Ethanol : < 1 mg/mL (insoluble)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.7700 mL 18.8501 mL 37.7003 mL
5 mM 0.7540 mL 3.7700 mL 7.5401 mL
10 mM 0.3770 mL 1.8850 mL 3.7700 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  15% Cremophor EL    85% Saline

    Solubility: 5 mg/mL (18.85 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  17% Polyethylene glycol 12-hydroxystearate in Saline

    Solubility: 5 mg/mL (18.85 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation
References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Tizoxanide
Cat. No.:
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