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  3. Saikosaponin D

Saikosaponin D 

Cat. No.: HY-N0250 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

Saikosaponin D is a triterpene saponin isolated from Bupleurum, with anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and anti-allergic activities; Saikosaponin D inhibits selectin, STAT3 and NF-kB and activates estrogen receptor-β.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Saikosaponin D Chemical Structure

Saikosaponin D Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 20874-52-6

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 77 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 60 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 90 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
25 mg USD 180 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 290 In-stock
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100 mg USD 520 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Description

Saikosaponin D is a triterpene saponin isolated from Bupleurum, with anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and anti-allergic activities; Saikosaponin D inhibits selectin, STAT3 and NF-kB and activates estrogen receptor-β.

IC50 & Target

Selectin[1], STAT3, NF-kB[2], Estrogen receptor-β[3]

In Vitro

Saikosaponin D (Compound 3) is a triterpene saponin, which inhibits E-selectin, L-selectin and P-selectin binding to THP-1 cells, with IC50s of 1.8 µM, 3.0 µM and 4.3 µM, and such effects are not due to cytotoxic action. Saikosaponin D (1, 5, 10 µM) dose-dependently inhibits the THP-1 adhesion to the HUVECs monolayer activated by TNF-α. Saikosaponin D (30 μM) also inhibits the expression of P-selectin ligand (CD162) in THP-1 cells[1]. Saikosaponin D (5 μM) suppresses the proliferation of HSC-T6 cells induced by H2O2 treatment, reduces the expression levels of α-SMA, TGF-β1, Hyp, COL1 and TIMP-1, and increases MMP-1 expressioon, thus inhibiting H2O2-induced excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) formation, with similar effects to estradiol (E2), and these effects are blocked by ER antagonists. Saikosaponin D also inhibits oxidative stress-induced ROS generation and down reduates MAPK signaling pathway, and the inhibition is also suppressed by ER antagonists[3].

In Vivo

Saikosaponin D (2 mg/kg/day, i.p.) shows a protective effect on overdose of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury of mice. Saikosaponin D affects APAP metabolism, increases GSH levels but does not alter PPARα activation. Saikosaponin D (2 mg/kg/day, i.p.) also suppresses APAP-induced increases in the expression of STAT3 target genes and pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibits APAP-induced activation of STAT3 and NF-kB[2].

Molecular Weight

780.98

Formula

C₄₂H₆₈O₁₃

CAS No.

20874-52-6

SMILES
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (64.02 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.2804 mL 6.4022 mL 12.8044 mL
5 mM 0.2561 mL 1.2804 mL 2.5609 mL
10 mM 0.1280 mL 0.6402 mL 1.2804 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.20 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.20 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[1]

Cell viability is assessed by morphology and by reduction of the tetrazolium salt (MTT). Briefly, the THP-1 cells (2 × 105 cells/well) and various concentrations of compounds 1-4 (including Saikosaponin D) are added to the 96-well plates, incubated for 48 h at 37°C, and 5 µL of MTT solution (5 mg/mL in PBS) is added to each well of the 96-well plates. After incubation for 4 h at 37°C, the absorbance is measured at 540 nm using a microplate reader with the reference absorbance at 650 nm[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice[2]
Male 6- to 7-week-old C57BL6 mice are randomly divided into four groups, vehicle/control, Saikosaponin D (SSd)/control, vehicle/APAP, and SSd/APAP, and killed 4 h or 24 h after single APAP injection. For overdose of acetaminophen (APAP) injection, a typical single dose of 200 mg/kg/day is used. Saikosaponin D, 2 mg/kg once daily is used as the dosing regimen. Saikosaponin D powder is dissolved in a saline solution supplemented with 0.1% Tween 20 and is administered by intraperitoneal injection at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day once daily for five days. Saline solution containing 0.1% Tween 20 without Saikosaponin D is administered as a vehicle. APAP is dissolved in warm saline solution (20 mg/mL) and is injected intraperitoneally 30 minutes after the last Saikosaponin D injection. Saline is injected to mice in the control groups[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Saikosaponin D
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HY-N0250
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