1. Immunology/Inflammation Apoptosis Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. COX Ferroptosis Endogenous Metabolite
  3. (-)-Epicatechin

(-)-Epicatechin  (Synonyms: (-)-Epicatechol; Epicatechin; epi-Catechin)

Cat. No.: HY-N0001 Purity: ≥98.0%
COA Handling Instructions

(-)-Epicatechin inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 3.2 μM. (-)-Epicatechin inhibits the IL-1β-induced expression of iNOS by blocking the nuclear localization of the p65 subunit of NF-κB.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

(-)-Epicatechin Chemical Structure

(-)-Epicatechin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 490-46-0

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

(-)-Epicatechin inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 3.2 μM. (-)-Epicatechin inhibits the IL-1β-induced expression of iNOS by blocking the nuclear localization of the p65 subunit of NF-κB.

IC50 & Target[1]

COX-1

3.2 μM (IC50)

In Vitro

(-)-Epicatechin exhibits >95% inhibitory activity at 70 μg/mL against cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 3.2 μM[1]. (-)-Epicatechin inhibits the IL-1β-induced expression of iNOS by blocking the nuclear localization of the p65 subunit of NF-κB. In RINm5F cells, (-)-Epicatechin is shown to block the inhibition of insulin release after addition of IL-1β. Additionally, (-)-Epicatechin is shown to inhibit the proliferation of Hodgkin's lymphoma cells and Jurkat T cells, which is attributed to the ability of (-)-Epicatechin to inhibit the binding of NF-κB to DNA in these cells. In human colorectal cancer HCT-116 cells, combining 20?μM Panaxadiol with 150, 200, or 250?μM (-)-Epicatechin results in growth inhibition of 51%, 97%, and 95%, respectively. The combination also increases the apoptosis level by 11.9%, 16.6%, and 25.8%, as examined by annexin V/PI staining[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Animals receive 1 mg/kg of (-)-Epicatechin or water (vehicle) via oral gavage (twice daily). Exercise groups undergo 15 days of treadmill exercise. Significant increases in treadmill performance (~50%) and enhanced in situ muscle fatigue resistance (~30%) are observed with (-)-Epicatechin[3].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

290.27

Formula

C15H14O6

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to light yellow

SMILES

O[C@H]1[C@@H](C2=CC=C(O)C(O)=C2)OC3=CC(O)=CC(O)=C3C1

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (344.51 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 2 mg/mL (6.89 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.4451 mL 17.2253 mL 34.4507 mL
5 mM 0.6890 mL 3.4451 mL 6.8901 mL
10 mM 0.3445 mL 1.7225 mL 3.4451 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.61 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.61 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.61 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation
References
Animal Administration
[3]

Mice[3]
1-year-old, male C57BL/6N mice (n=25) are randomized into four groups. Mice in the (-)-Epicatechin groups 3 and 4 are given 1.0 mg/kg twice a day (morning and evening) for 15 consecutive days, whereas animals in the control groups 1 and 2 receive the vehicle (water). Both (-)-Epicatechin and vehicle are administered via oral gavage[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Product Name:
(-)-Epicatechin
Cat. No.:
HY-N0001
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