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  2. Reactive Oxygen Species Fungal Bacterial
  3. Camalexin

Camalexin is a phytoalexin isolated from Camelina sativa (Cruciferae) with antibacterial, antifungal, antiproliferative and anticancer activities. Camalexin can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Camalexin Chemical Structure

Camalexin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 135531-86-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 66 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 60 In-stock
10 mg USD 95 In-stock
25 mg USD 190 In-stock
50 mg USD 305 In-stock
100 mg   Get quote  
200 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Camalexin is a phytoalexin isolated from Camelina sativa (Cruciferae) with antibacterial, antifungal, antiproliferative and anticancer activities. Camalexin can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production[1][2][3].

IC50 & Target

Reactive oxygen species (ROS)[1][2]

In Vitro

Camalexin shows antiproliferative activity against a human breast cancer cell line[2].
For the oomycetes Phytophthora and Pythium Nep1-like proteins (necrosis and ethylene-inducing peptide 1-like proteins) are the initial triggers of Camalexin synthesis and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS appear to be of general relevance for Camalexin formation. Chemical induction of ROS, such as by application of acifluorfen, coincided with Camalexin synthesis. In a screen for enhanced susceptibility to Alternaria brassicicola the esa1 mutant is identified, which shows delayed Camalexin induction. Particularly in response to ROS inducing agents reduced Camalexin levels are synthesized. This crucial role for ESA1 is confirmed by the inability of esa1 mutants to synthesize Camalexin in response to Leptosphaeria maculans. An additional mutant that exhibits greatly reduced Camalexin accumulation is ups1, which is isolated on the basis of diminished expression of a tryptophan biosynthetic enzyme[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

200.26

Formula

C11H8N2S

CAS No.
Unlabeled CAS

Appearance

Solid

Color

White to yellow

SMILES

C12=C(C=CC=C2)NC=C1C3=NC=CS3

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 125 mg/mL (624.19 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 4.9935 mL 24.9675 mL 49.9351 mL
5 mM 0.9987 mL 4.9935 mL 9.9870 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (10.39 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (10.39 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.70%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 4.9935 mL 24.9675 mL 49.9351 mL 124.8377 mL
5 mM 0.9987 mL 4.9935 mL 9.9870 mL 24.9675 mL
10 mM 0.4994 mL 2.4968 mL 4.9935 mL 12.4838 mL
15 mM 0.3329 mL 1.6645 mL 3.3290 mL 8.3225 mL
20 mM 0.2497 mL 1.2484 mL 2.4968 mL 6.2419 mL
25 mM 0.1997 mL 0.9987 mL 1.9974 mL 4.9935 mL
30 mM 0.1665 mL 0.8323 mL 1.6645 mL 4.1613 mL
40 mM 0.1248 mL 0.6242 mL 1.2484 mL 3.1209 mL
50 mM 0.0999 mL 0.4994 mL 0.9987 mL 2.4968 mL
60 mM 0.0832 mL 0.4161 mL 0.8323 mL 2.0806 mL
80 mM 0.0624 mL 0.3121 mL 0.6242 mL 1.5605 mL
100 mM 0.0499 mL 0.2497 mL 0.4994 mL 1.2484 mL
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Camalexin
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HY-119502
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